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Economic Policy and Household Welfare During Crisis and Adjustment in Tanzania - Alexander H. Sarris

Economic Policy and Household Welfare During Crisis and Adjustment in Tanzania

Hardcover Published: 1st September 1993
ISBN: 9780814779828
Number Of Pages: 232

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Tanzania is now the fourth poorest country in the world. Its economic development, since independence in 1961, has been characterized by a series of internal and external shocks that have tested the resilience of the economy, the stability of its institutions, and the tolerance and inventiveness of its people. This book presents information that will have profound implications for economic policy in Tanzania. Questioning earlier reports and conclusions, the authors reject official economic statistics as failing to give even a moderately accurate picture of economic developments. This study outlines the structure of the Tanzanian economy and considers the impact of previous policies and current stabilization and adjustment measures on the poorer segments of the Tanzanian population.

List of Tables
List of Figures
Foreword
Abbreviations
Introductionp. 1
Backgroundp. 5
Population, Natural Resources, and Agroclimatic Zonesp. 5
Postindependence Economic Developmentsp. 10
General Structure of the Macroeconomyp. 17
Macroeconomic Policy and Performancep. 27
Interpretation of the Crisis and the Adjustment Debatep. 28
Macroeconomic Performance under Adjustmentp. 32
The Devaluation Debate in the Context of Adjustmentp. 41
Financing of Public and External Deficits and Monetary Adjustmentsp. 43
The Hidden Economy in Tanzaniap. 48
Profile of Incomes and Poverty in Tanzaniap. 58
Population and Some Household Characteristicsp. 59
Structure of Incomep. 64
Distribution of Incomep. 76
Income Differentiationp. 87
Consumption Patternsp. 88
Poverty Line and Extent of Povertyp. 103
Performance of Agriculturep. 116
The Institutional Settingp. 117
Official Sources of Agricultural Datap. 120
A First Assessment Based on Official Statisticsp. 122
An Alternative Scenariop. 124
Pricesp. 125
Survey Datap. 130
Importsp. 131
Parallel Exportsp. 133
Malnutritionp. 136
Agricultural Structure and Technologyp. 137
Trends in Incomes and Welfare of Various Income Groupsp. 146
How Real is the Decline in Rural and Urban Incomes during the "Nyerere Experiment?"p. 147
A Method for Analyzing Household Incomesp. 159
Classification of Householdsp. 164
Composition of Agricultural Incomep. 166
Consumption Patternsp. 171
Pricesp. 172
Evaluation and Conclusionsp. 186
Appendix A - Computation of the Real Exchange Rate for Tanzaniap. 193
Appendix B - Variable Shares in the Index of Real Household Incomesp. 196
Referencesp. 203
Indexp. 211
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780814779828
ISBN-10: 0814779824
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 232
Published: 1st September 1993
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.75
Weight (kg): 0.48