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What Intelligence Tests Miss : The Psychology of Rational Thought - Keith E. Stanovich

What Intelligence Tests Miss

The Psychology of Rational Thought


Published: 27th January 2009
Format: PDF
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Critics of intelligence tests--writers such as Robert Sternberg, Howard Gardner, and Daniel Goleman--have argued in recent years that these tests neglect important qualities such as emotion, empathy, and interpersonal skills. However, such critiques imply that though intelligence tests may miss certain key noncognitive areas, they encompass most of what is important in the cognitive domain. In this book, Keith E. Stanovich challenges this widely held assumption. Stanovich shows that IQ tests (or their proxies, such as the SAT) are radically incomplete as measures of cognitive functioning. They fail to assess traits that most people associate with "good thinking," skills such as judgment and decision making. Such cognitive skills are crucial to real-world behavior, affecting the way we plan, evaluate critical evidence, judge risks and probabilities, and make effective decisions. IQ tests fail to assess these skills of rational thought, even though they are measurable cognitive processes. Rational thought is just as important as intelligence, Stanovich argues, and it should be valued as highly as the abilities currently measured on intelligence tests.

"Professor Stanovich has an unparalleled ability to synthesize results from diverse domains of cognitive science in a lively way that is tremendously useful to us non-specialists. This book is not about emotional or multiple intelligence; it's about ""intelligence ""in its most important practical dimensions."--E. D. Hirsch, Jr., author of ""The Knowledge Deficit"" and ""The Schools We Need""--E. D. Hirsch, Jr. (05/01/2008)

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Inside George W. Bush's Mind: Hints at What IQ Tests Missp. 1
Dysrationalia: Separating Rationality and Intelligencep. 8
The Reflective Mind, the Algorithmic Mind, and the Autonomous Mindp. 20
Cutting Intelligence Down to Sizep. 45
Why Intelligent People Doing Foolish Things Is No Surprisep. 59
The Cognitive Miser: Ways to Avoid Thinkingp. 70
Framing and the Cognitive Miserp. 86
Myside Processing: Heads I Win-Tails I Win Too!p. 101
A Different Pitfall of the Cognitive Miser: Thinking a Lot, but Losingp. 115
Mindware Gapsp. 129
Contaminated Mindwarep. 152
How Many Ways Can Thinking Go Wrong? A Taxonomy of Irrational Thinking Tendencies and Their Relation to Intelligencep. 172
The Social Benefits of Increasing Human Rationality-and Meliorating Irrationalityp. 195
Notesp. 213
Bibliographyp. 243
Indexp. 303
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780300123852
ISBN-10: 030012385X
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: PDF
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 328
Published: 27th January 2009
Publisher: Yale University Press
Country of Publication: US