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Salt : A World History - Mark Kurlansky


A World History

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Homer called salt a divine substance. Plato described it as especially dear to the gods. Today we take salt for granted, a common, inexpensive substance that seasons food or clears ice from roads, a word used casually in expressions ("salt of the earth," take it with a grain of salt") without appreciating their deeper meaning. However, as Mark Kurlansky so brilliantly relates in his world- encompassing new book, salt-the only rock we eat-has shaped civilization from the very beginning. Its story is a glittering, often surprising part of the history of mankind.
Until about 100 years ago, when modern chemistry and geology revealed how prevalent it is, salt was one of the most sought-after commodities, and no wonder, for without it humans and animals could not live. Salt has often been considered so valuable that it served as currency, and it is still exchanged as such in places today. Demand for salt established the earliest trade routes, across unknown oceans and the remotest of deserts: the city of Jericho was founded almost 10,000 years ago as a salt trading center. Because of its worth, salt has provoked and financed some wars, and been a strategic element in others, such as the American Revolution and the Civil War. Salt taxes secured empires across Europe and Asia and have also inspired revolution (Gandhi's salt march in 1930 began the overthrow of British rule in India); indeed, salt has been central to the age-old debate about the rights of government to tax and control economies.
The story of salt encompasses fields as disparate as engineering, religion, and food, all of which Kurlansky richly explores. Few endeavors have inspired more ingenuity than salt making, from the natural gas furnaces of ancient China to the drilling techniques that led to the age of petroleum, and salt revenues have funded some of the greatest public works in history, including the Erie Canal, and even cities (Syrac

Discourse on salt, cadavers, and pungent sources: Mandate of salt -- Fish, fowl, and pharoahs -- Saltmen hard as codfish -- Salt's salad days -- Salting it away in the Adriatic -- Two ports and the prosciutto in between -- Glow of herring and the scent of conquest: Friday's salt -- Nordic dream -- Well-salted hexagon -- Hapsburg pickle -- Leaving of Liverpool -- American salt wars -- Salt and independence -- Liberte, egalite, tax breaks -- Preserving independence -- War between the salts -- Red salt -- Sodium's perfect marriage: Odium of sodium -- Mythology of geology -- Soil never sets on -- Salt and the great soul -- Not looking back -- Last salt days of Zigong -- Ma, La, and Mao -- More salt than fish -- Big salt, little salt.

ISBN: 9780802779441
ISBN-10: 0802779441
Format: ePUB
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 496
Published: 5th July 2010