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Leveraging Agriculture, Trade, and WTO for Development : Directions in Development - World Bank

Leveraging Agriculture, Trade, and WTO for Development

Directions in Development

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Developing countries have an enormous stake in the new round of World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations, taking place now, and scheduled to be completed by January 1, 2005. Their full participation in the global trading system could lift and additional 300 million people our of poverty by 2015. Since 1970, these countries have increased their share in all trade, from one-quarter to one-third. Most of these gains, however, have come from increased exports of manufactured goods, which primarily benefit the middle-income developing countries. Agricultural products, historically the more important exports for poor countries, have lagged far behind. The main reason for this is the protection - in the form of subsidies and other support, running at roughly U$S 1 billion per day - afforded agriculture in industrial countries. This is more than six times all development assistance. This report contains results of region-specific studies that will prove a vital resource for policymakers, analysts, and others working in the development field. It provides answers to questions such as, What lessons were learned from the Uruguay Round? What is the relationship between trade liberalization, and rural poverty? And, What is the role of the international development community in fostering a trading system that will result in development? The authors argue that only by reshaping the world's trading system, and reducing the barriers to trade, can truly global expansion take place.

Glossary of Abbreviations and Acronyms
Introduction and Overviewp. 1
The New Trade Debate and Options for Developing Countriesp. 12
Lessons from the Implementation of the Uruguay Round
The Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture in Practice: How Open Are OECD Markets?p. 21
Lessons from Implementation of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture: A Cairns Group Perspectivep. 60
Agriculture and Other Items on the World Trade Organization Agendap. 65
Evaluating the Benefits of Liberalization to Date for Developing Countries
The Role of the World Trade Organization Accession in Economic Reform: A Three-Dimensional Viewp. 85
Small Developing Economies in the World Trade Organizationp. 108
Evaluating Benefits of Liberalization to Date for Developing Countriesp. 123
Leveraging Trade and Global Market Integration for Poverty Reductionp. 129
The World Trade Organization, the New Trade Round, Development, and Poverty Reduction
Options for Agricultural Policy Reform in the World Trade Organization Negotiationsp. 135
Policies for Price Risk under Trade Liberalizationp. 145
New Trade Issues and Challenges: The Way Forward
Time for Coherence among the World Trade Organization Escape Clausesp. 155
Multifunctionality and Optimal Environmental Policies for Agriculture in an Open Economyp. 165
Genetically Modified Foods, Trade, and Developing Countriesp. 193
Trade Liberalization, the World Trade Organization, and Food Securityp. 225
Indexp. 247
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780821351604
ISBN-10: 0821351605
Series: Directions in Development
Audience: Professional
Format: PDF
Language: English
Published: 2002
Country of Publication: US