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Elements of Shipping - Edward Branch

Elements of Shipping

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Containing chapters on seaports and electronic data interchange, this book explains various elements of shipping such as operating, e-commerce/computerization, commercial, legal, economic, technical, managerial, logistics and financial considerations. It is useful for shipping executives, students and academics with interest in shipping industry.

Preface to the eighth editionp. xiv
Acknowledgementsp. xvii
Introductionp. 1
Scope of the bookp. 1
Function of shippingp. 2
World seaborne trade and world fleetp. 3
Challenges facing the shipping industry in the twenty-first centuryp. 6
The shipp. 9
Main features of hull and machineryp. 9
International navigation limitsp. 13
International Convention on Load Lines 1966p. 16
Types of propulsion and future trendsp. 17
Types and methods of tonnage measurementp. 19
International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships 1969p. 20
Ship design and constructionp. 22
Ship design and future trendsp. 22
Ship productivityp. 24
General principles and factors influencing design, type and size of shipp. 28
Safety and other regulationsp. 29
Statutory regulationsp. 30
Survey methodsp. 36
Harmonization of surveysp. 37
Vessel lengtheningp. 40
Cruise vesselsp. 41
General structure of cargo vesselsp. 42
Economics of new and second-hand tonnagep. 43
Ships, their cargoes, trades and future trendsp. 50
Types of shipsp. 50
Linersp. 51
Trampsp. 52
Specialized vessels and their tradesp. 56
Manning of vesselsp. 77
Introductionp. 77
Duties and responsibilities of the Masterp. 81
Ship's officers and crew manningp. 84
IMO Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW) adopted 1984p. 88
Engagement and discharge of the crewp. 90
Customs house and ship's papersp. 93
Introductionp. 93
E-commerce; customsp. 94
Value added taxp. 95
Intrastatp. 96
Export controlsp. 96
Customs tariffp. 96
Customs Freight Simplified Procedures (CFSP)p. 97
New Export System (NES)p. 98
Unique Consignment Reference (UCR)p. 99
Customs reliefsp. 100
Importation and exportation of goodsp. 102
Ship's papersp. 105
Ship's protestp. 114
Maritime canals and inland waterwaysp. 116
Introductionp. 116
European inland waterwaysp. 117
The Suez Canal Authorityp. 120
The Kiel Canalp. 122
The Panama Canalp. 123
The St Lawrence Seawayp. 126
The influence of canals on ship designp. 127
Canal areas as points of economic growthp. 128
Inland waterwaysp. 128
The Eurotunnelp. 129
The Scanlink projectsp. 129
The Ghan (Melbourne-Darwin rail route)p. 129
Services performed by principal shipping organizationsp. 131
Introductionp. 131
International Association of Classification Societiesp. 132
International Association of Dry Cargo Shipowners (Intercargo)p. 136
International Chamber of Shipping (ICS)p. 136
International Association of Independent Tanker Owners (Intertanko)p. 136
International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations (FIATA)p. 138
International Energy Agencyp. 139
International Maritime Industries Forum (IMIF)p. 139
International Maritime Organizationp. 140
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)p. 148
International Petroleum Exchange (IPE)p. 150
International Ship Managers' Association (ISMA)p. 150
International Shipping Federation (ISF)p. 151
International Tankers Owners Pollution Federation (ITOPF)p. 151
Lloyd's Register of Shippingp. 153
Malta Maritime Authorityp. 162
Nautical Institutep. 163
Norwegian International Ship Registerp. 164
Norwegian Shipowners' Associationp. 164
Oil Companies' International Marine Forum (OCIMF)p. 165
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)p. 166
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)p. 167
Passenger Shipping Association (PSA)p. 169
World Trade Organization (WTO)p. 169
Baltic Exchangep. 172
Baltic and International Maritime Council (BIMCO)p. 174
Freight Transport Association, incorporating the British Shippers' Councilp. 177
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)p. 177
Passenger fares and freight ratesp. 180
Theory of passenger faresp. 180
Theory of freight rates and effect of air competition on cargo trafficp. 181
Relation between liner and tramp ratesp. 193
Relation between voyage and time charter ratesp. 194
Types of freightp. 194
Liner conferencesp. 197
Introductionp. 197
Liner conference systemp. 197
Deferred rebate and contract systemsp. 198
Harmonization conferencesp. 199
The future of the liner conference system in the twenty-first centuryp. 200
Ship operationp. 202
Factors to consider in planning sailing schedulesp. 202
Problems presented to shipowners by fluctuations in trade and unequal balance of tradep. 205
Fleet planningp. 208
Interface between fleet planning and ship survey programmep. 210
Relative importance of speed, frequency, reliability, cost and quality of sea transportp. 211
Indivisible loadsp. 213
Ship and port security: ISPS Code and port state controlp. 214
Bills of ladingp. 219
Carriage of Goods by Sea Acts 1971 and 1992p. 219
Salient points of a bill of ladingp. 223
Types of bills of ladingp. 226
Function of the bill of ladingp. 231
International Convention concerning the Carriage of Goods by Railp. 234
Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Roadp. 236
Combined transportp. 236
Sea waybill and common short form bill of ladingp. 237
Cargoesp. 242
Cargo stowage/packing overviewp. 242
Stowage of cargop. 243
Types and characteristics of cargop. 248
Cargo and container handling equipmentp. 253
Types of packingp. 262
Dangerous cargop. 268
The shipping companyp. 279
Size and scope of the undertakingp. 279
Liner organizationp. 281
Tramp organizationp. 292
Holding companies and subsidiaries, including ancillary activities of shipping undertakingsp. 293
Operational alliancesp. 294
Ship management companiesp. 294
Ownership of vesselsp. 295
Capitalization and finance of shipping undertakingsp. 296
Income and expenditurep. 299
Statisticsp. 300
Freight forwardersp. 301
Chartered shipbrokersp. 305
Future of shipbrokingp. 306
Ship's agentp. 307
Lloyd's Register Quality Assurance, ISO 9001:2000p. 308
British Columbia Ferry Service Inc.p. 308
Charter partiesp. 310
Demise and non-demise charter partiesp. 310
Voyage and time charter partiesp. 316
Approved forms of charter parties and related bills of ladingp. 325
Worldscalep. 327
Voyage estimatesp. 328
Sale and purchase of shipsp. 332
Containerizationp. 346
Introductionp. 346
Major container tradesp. 347
Two container operatorsp. 348
Container ships; terminalsp. 352
Container distributionp. 359
Container typesp. 361
Non-containerizable cargop. 372
Features of containerizationp. 376
Container basesp. 379
International Convention for Safe Containers 1972 (CSC)p. 380
Seaportsp. 382
Role of seaports in the twenty-first century and factors driving changep. 382
Correlation between 20 leading terminals and service operatorsp. 386
Container port automationp. 389
The growth of Chinese dominance in international tradep. 389
Floating terminalsp. 390
Factors influencing the shipowner's choice of seaportp. 393
Relationship between ships and portsp. 396
Port state controlp. 398
Port of Rotterdam Authorityp. 399
Multi-modalism: global supply chain management and international logisticsp. 401
Factors in favour of multi-modalismp. 401
Rationale for the development of multi-modalismp. 403
Features of multi-modalismp. 405
Multi-modalism strategyp. 408
Global supply chain management and international logisticsp. 409
The international consignmentp. 414
Factors to consider in evaluating the suitability of transport mode(s) for an international consignmentp. 414
Delivery trade terms of sale and the export contractp. 415
Receipt of export orderp. 420
Progress of export order and checklistp. 423
Business-to-Business (B2B) and Business-to-Consumer (B2C) customersp. 428
Information technology and electronic data interchangep. 430
Introductionp. 430
Bolerop. 433
International Maritime Satellite Organization (INMARSAT)p. 434
Computerized and EDI-resourced shipping companiesp. 440
Customs; e-commercep. 443
Computerized Export Processing: Exportmasterp. 444
Ship managementp. 458
Introductionp. 458
Marketing aspects of ship managementp. 460
Fleet managementp. 462
Technical aspects of ship managementp. 464
Financial aspects of ship managementp. 465
Purchasing aspects of ship managementp. 467
Investment aspects of ship managementp. 468
Ship management legal disciplinesp. 469
ISM Codep. 470
Risk management in the modern shipping industryp. 471
Case study: Vector Maritime Systemsp. 472
Political aspectsp. 475
Flag discriminationp. 475
Flags of conveniencep. 476
Subsidiesp. 479
Contribution of shipping to invisible exportsp. 482
Conclusionp. 482
Shipping terms and abbreviationsp. 484
Indexp. 489
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780203013083
ISBN-10: 0203013085
Format: PDF
Language: English
Published: 27th September 2007
Edition Number: 1