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Dynamics of Coral Communities : Population and Community Biology Series - R.H. Karlson

Dynamics of Coral Communities

Population and Community Biology Series

Paperback

Published: 31st October 2002
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Coral communities are among the most fascinating of all biotic assemblages on earth. It is their rich diversity and the strong biological interactions which characterize these communities that provides the focus for this book. Here I describe patterns of diversity, species interactions, and community organization as well as the processes which influence these structural attributes. Although this treatment of the subject will to some degree blend evolutionary and ecological phenomena, I am primarily interested in the dynamic properties of living coral communities. Hence, such processes as succession, competition, predation, herbivory, and disturbances will be emphasized in ecological terms, but not to the exclusion of evolutionary considerations. The former influence the maintenance of diversity in coral communities and local distribution and abundance patterns. The latter deal primarily with the origins of diversity, adaptations to the local environment, biogeographic distributions, and longevity in the fossil record. With the recent resurgence of interest in historical and large-scale geographical effects on the local diversity of ecological communities, ecological and evolutionary perspectives are beginning to be integrated into our understanding of community organization and dynamics. Hence, a synthesis of these perspectives is attempted in the final chapter of this book. This effort emerges as a consequence of academic experiences, research interests, and the strong influence of several individuals. My first exposure to ecology occurred at Pomona College where three faculty members guided my early explorations into this subject.

"The book provides a focus on the rich diversity and strong biological interactions that characterise the most fascinating coral communities. Defining community, guild, assemblage and web, the theme of the book is introduced with descriptions of the dynamics of coral community, especially of the constituent species, the interactions among them, the local environments, oceanographic transport processes, climatic fluctuations and a host of geographical and historical phenomena. The subject is narrated in thoughtfully and admirably organised chapters on diversity, stability, succession, competition and so on. Citing suitable examples, each chapter considers one or more selected principles, theories, hypotheses and models. In this process, new information is provided, for example that `coexistence competition' can be an alternative to competitive exclusion. Each chapter is closed with an overview, providing a sort of summary. The book includes useful references and subject index."
(Professor T.J. Pandian, Madurai Kamaraj University, India)

Preface
Introduction
Ecological communities, guilds, assemblages and webs
Taxonomic and trophic constraints
Scale-dependent dynamics
Marine epibenthic communities
Overview
Diversity
Origins of diversity
Patterns of coral diversity
Diversity of non-coral taxa
Overview
Stability
What is stability?
Are stability and diversity related?
Keystone species
Transient dynamics of nonequilibrial systems
Overview
Succession
Successional mechanisms on ecological time scales
Succession in coral communities
Overview
Interspecific competition
General considerations
Interspecific competition in coral communities
Overview
Consumer-resource interactions
Coupled populations, food webs, and interactive community processes
Food-web interactions of coral reef fishes: an example
Plant-herbivore interactions in coral communities
Predator-prey interactions in coral communities
Overview
Disturbance
Disturbance and species coexistence
Disturbances to coral communities: a potpourri
Do disturbances promote species coexistence?
Overview
Large-scale perspectives
General considerations
Evidence from coral communities
Middle ground
Overview
Integration across scales
The local environment
The regional setting and cross-scale linkage
A biogeographic context for coral community ecology
Closing comments. References
Subject Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402010460
ISBN-10: 140201046X
Series: Population and Community Biology Series : Book 23
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 250
Published: 31st October 2002
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.55
Weight (kg): 0.42
Edition Type: New edition