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Dynamic Modeling in Behavioral Ecology : Monographs in Behavior and Ecology - Marc Mangel

Dynamic Modeling in Behavioral Ecology

Monographs in Behavior and Ecology

Paperback Published: 21st January 1989
ISBN: 9780691085067
Number Of Pages: 324

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This book describes a powerful and flexible technique for the modeling of behavior, based on evolutionary principles. The technique employs stochastic dynamic programming and permits the analysis of behavioral adaptations wherein organisms respond to changes in their environment and in their own current physiological state. Models can be constructed to reflect sequential decisions concerned simultaneously with foraging, reproduction, predator avoidance, and other activities.

The authors show how to construct and use dynamic behavioral models. Part I covers the mathematical background and computer programming, and then uses a paradigm of foraging under risk of predation to exemplify the general modeling technique. Part II consists of five "applied" chapters illustrating the scope of the dynamic modeling approach. They treat hunting behavior in lions, reproduction in insects, migrations of aquatic organisms, clutch size and parental care in birds, and movement of spiders and raptors. Advanced topics, including the study of dynamic evolutionarily stable strategies, are discussed in Part III.

Preface and Acknowledgementsp. xi
Introductionp. 3
Fundamentalsp. 9
Basic Probabilityp. 11
Notationp. 11
Discrete Random Variables and Distributionsp. 15
Conditional Expectationp. 18
Appendices
The Poisson Processp. 19
Continuous Random Variablesp. 25
Some Other Probability Distributionsp. 29
Renewal Processesp. 37
Patch Selectionp. 41
Patch Selection as a Paradigmp. 41
Biological Examplesp. 42
The Simplest State Variable Modelp. 45
An Algorithm for the Dynamic Programming Equationp. 52
Elaborations of the Simplest Modelp. 58
Discussionp. 63
Appendices
Further Elaborations of the Patch Selection Paradigmp. 63
Alternative Constraintsp. 63
Variable Handling Timesp. 64
A Diet Selection Modelp. 65
A Model with "Fat Reserves" and "Gut Contents"p. 67
Sequential Couplingp. 69
Uncertain Final Timep. 71
Lifetime Fitness and Utilityp. 73
Behavioral Observations and Forward Iterationp. 76
The Fitness of Suboptimal Strategiesp. 79
Addendum to Part I: How to Write a Computer Programp. 82
Applicationsp. 105
The Hunting Behavior of Lionsp. 107
The Serengeti Lionp. 108
Some Possible Explanations of Lions' Hunting Behaviorp. 109
A Dynamic Modelp. 113
Communal Sharingp. 121
Discussionp. 124
Reproduction in Insectsp. 126
Fitness from Egg Production and Experimental Backgroundp. 126
A Model with Mature Eggs Onlyp. 131
A Model with Mature Eggs and Oocytesp. 142
Parasitism and Density Dependencep. 143
Discussionp. 148
Migrations of Aquatic Organismsp. 149
Diel Vertical Migrations of Zooplanktonp. 152
Cladoceransp. 153
Copepodsp. 162
Diel Migrations of Planktivoresp. 165
A Model of Aquatic Predationp. 167
A Dynamic Model of Diel Migrationsp. 171
Predictions of Zooplankton Migrationsp. 178
Parental Allocation and Clutch Size in Birdsp. 182
A Single-Year Model of Parental Allocation and Clutch Sizep. 183
A Multi-Year Model of Parental Allocation and Clutch Sizep. 192
Hypothesis Generation and Testing Dynamic Behavioral Modelsp. 195
Movement of Spiders and Raptorsp. 198
Movement of Orb-Weaving Spidersp. 199
Population Consequences of Natal Dispersalp. 204
Additional Topicsp. 213
Formulation and Solution of State Variable Modelsp. 215
Identifying State Variables, Constraints, and Dynamicsp. 217
The Optimization Criterion: Fitnessp. 223
The Dynamic Programming Algorithmp. 225
Computer Realizationp. 228
Discretization and Interpolationp. 228
Sequential Couplingp. 231
Stationarityp. 232
Alternative Modeling Approachesp. 233
Average-Rate Modelsp. 233
Mean-Variance Modelsp. 235
Life-History Modelsp. 238
Optimal Control Theoryp. 238
Appendix
Fitness in Fluctuating Environmentsp. 240
Some Extensions of the Dynamic Modeling Approachp. 247
Learningp. 247
Dynamic Behavioral Gamesp. 259
A Dynamic Game between Tephritid Fliesp. 261
A Game between Juvenile Coho Salmonp. 270
Epilogue: Perspectives on Dynamic Modelingp. 280
Referencesp. 289
Author Indexp. 303
Subject Indexp. 306
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691085067
ISBN-10: 0691085064
Series: Monographs in Behavior and Ecology
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 324
Published: 21st January 1989
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.47 x 15.47  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.45