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Durkheim Through the Lens of Aristotle : Durkheimian, Postmodernist, and Communitarian Responses to the Enlightenment :  Durkheimian, Postmodernist, and Communitarian Responses to the Enlightenment - Douglas F. Challenger

Durkheim Through the Lens of Aristotle : Durkheimian, Postmodernist, and Communitarian Responses to the Enlightenment

Durkheimian, Postmodernist, and Communitarian Responses to the Enlightenment

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Published: February 1995
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This text re-examines Durkheim's "science of morality" as it is illuminated by Aristotle's philosophy. The author demonstrates, by examining previously unappreciated aspects of the latter's moral sociology, that Durkheim's theory can be compatible with postmodernism.

This well-written and lucid book is timely in view of the recent upsurge of interest in returning to Aristotle and to Emile Durkheim for resources for contemporary social theory.--Ernest Wallwork, Syracuse University

Acknowledgments
Introduction: Durkheim, Communitarianism, and Postmodernismp. 1
Aristotelian Prologue
Physis and Polisp. 21
Science and Philosophyp. 22
The Meaning of Physisp. 24
The Meaning of the Polisp. 31
Happiness: The Natural End of Human Beingsp. 35
Virtue and Natural Lawp. 38
Justice and Friendship in the Statep. 51
Justice and the Statep. 51
Friendship and Happinessp. 62
Friendship and the Purpose of the Statep. 73
Aristotle's Normative Science of Human Affairsp. 75
Montesquieu and Rousseau as Transitional Figures in the Development of Social Science
Montesquieu's Major Contributions to the Rise of Social Sciencep. 85
Defining the Approach and the Field of Studyp. 86
The Interrelatedness of Social Phenomenap. 89
The Development of Societal Types and Their Classificationp. 91
The Notion of Cause in Social Lifep. 98
Toward a New Meaning of Natural Lawp. 101
Toward a Relative Approach to Determining the Normal and the Pathological in Human Affairsp. 102
Rousseau's Major Contributions to Sociologyp. 107
Defining the Nature of the Social and the Individualp. 107
The Social Foundations of Morality, Rationality, and Happinessp. 113
Society and State in Fostering Human Happinessp. 120
Durkheim's Sociology and Its Relation to the Social Science of His Predecessors
Philosophical and Methodological Foundationsp. 137
Methodological Characteristicsp. 138
Relational Social Realismp. 140
Neonaturalismp. 149
Nature and Societyp. 157
Society as an Emergent System of Naturep. 161
The Evolutionary Conception of Societyp. 162
The Social Nature of the Human Conditionp. 177
The Ethical Aims of Social Sciencep. 190
Implications for Contemporary Social Thoughtp. 191
Conclusion: What Does Community Mean in a Postmodern Age?p. 199
Durkheim, Pragmatism, and Postmodernismp. 202
Durkheim and Communitarianismp. 209
Bibliographyp. 215
Indexp. 223
About the Authorp. 225
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780847679737
ISBN-10: 084767973X
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 192
Published: February 1995
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.42
Weight (kg): 0.37