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Durability of Disease Resistance


By: Th. Jacobs (Editor), Jan E. Parlevliet (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 30th June 1993
ISBN: 9780792323143
Number Of Pages: 375

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From February 24 -28, 1992 an international symposium on Durability of Disease Resistance was held at the International Agricultural Centre in Wageningen, the Netherlands. The symposium, organized by the Department of Plant Breeding of Wageningen Agricultural University and the Centre for Plant Breeding and Repro­ duction Research, CPRO-DLO, was part of the DGIS funded programme Durable Resistance in Developing Countries. Without any form of prevention or protection nearly all crops will be seriously or even severely damaged by a range of pathogens. In modern agriculture man has been able to control many if not most pathogens using i) pesticides, ii) phyto­ sanitary methods such as control of seed and plant material in order to start a crop disease free, iii) agronomic measures such as crop rotation, iv) disease resis­ tance or combinations of these measures. Over the years the use of pesticides has increased enormously and so did the pro­ blems associated with pesticide use, such as environmental pollution and building of resistance and tolerance to these pesticides in the pathogens. The use of resis­ tance too increased strongly over the years and here too problems arose.

Forewordp. 1
Economic importance of breeding for disease resistancep. 5
The partial pastp. 11
What is durable resistance, a general outlinep. 23
Genetic variation in pathogen populations and its implications for adaptation to host resistancep. 41
Is durable resistance against fungi attainable through biotechnological procedures?p. 57
Is durable resistance against viruses and bacteria attainable via biotechnology?p. 71
Can the strategic use of disease resistant hosts protect their inherent durability?p. 83
Durable resistance in the pathosystems: maize - northern and southern leaf blightsp. 99
Durable resistance of potatoes against Phytophthora infestansp. 115
Durable resistance to rice blast diseasep. 125
Durable resistance in the pathosystem: wheat - stripe rustp. 135
Origin and utilization of rust resistance in groundnutp. 147
Durability of resistance in the pathosystem: barley-powdery mildewp. 159
Breeding for partial resistance in wheat to stripe rustp. 179
Is partial resistance a suitable approach to obtain durable resistance in wheat to stripe rust?p. 185
Breeding and selection of bread wheat for resistance to Septoria triticip. 191
Selection for partial resistance in rice to rice blastp. 195
Selection for partial resistance to bacterial blight in ricep. 201
Resistance in groundnut to peanut bud necrosis virusp. 207
Non-specific resistance to bean rust and its association with leaf pubescencep. 213
Field breeding for durable rice blast resistance in the presence of diverse pathogen populationsp. 215
RFLP mapping of genes conferring complete and partial resistance in a rice cultivar with durable resistance to blastp. 219
Durable resistance in maize - a case study from Indiap. 227
Evidence for race-non-specific resistance and transgressive segregation to net blotch in barleyp. 231
Leaf rust resistance in wheatp. 235
Experiences, difficulties and prospects of disease resistance breeding in chickpeap. 241
Experiences, difficulties and prospects for durable disease resistance breeding in potatoesp. 249
Breeding for durable resistance to diseases in wheat: an international perspectivep. 259
Experiences, difficulties and prospects in wheat for disease resistance breeding in Western Europep. 273
Durability of disease resistance in crops: some closing remarks about the topic and the symposiump. 283
Abstracts of Posters
Identification of rice cultivars with durable blast resistance in international screening testsp. 303
Inheritance and level of resistance to potato cyst nematodes (Globodera pallida), derived from Solanum tuberosum ssp. andigena cpc 1673p. 304
Pathogenicity and resistance patterns in x Triticosecale - Septoria spp. and Triticum aestivum I. - Septoria spp. systemsp. 305
Partial resistance of barley to powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis f.sp. hordei)p. 306
Durability of wheat disease resistance in Czechoslovakiap. 307
Relationship between parasitic and saprophytic fitness in Cochliobolus heterostrophus, cause of southern leaf blight of maizep. 308
Breeding for durable resistance to red band needle blight caused by Dothistroma pini assuming quantitative inheritancep. 309
Variability in the sorghum anthracnose fungus Colletotrichum graminicola in Brazil and USAp. 310
Histological and ultrastructural study of the interaction Malus-Venturia inaequalis in the case of hypersensitivity overcome by a new racep. 311
Resistance to potato late blight (Phytophthora infestans (mont.) De Bary) in wild Solanum speciesp. 312
Bobwhite's' germplasm selection pressure upon Septoria tritici pathogenicityp. 313
Field testing methods for durable resistance in wheat to stem rust (Puccinia graminis f.sp. tritici)p. 314
A study of the durable resistance to rice blast (Pyricularia oryzae) under Egyptian conditionsp. 315
Expression and genetic background of durable resistance to coffee leaf rust (Hemileia vastatrix)p. 316
Inheritance of cytoplasmic resistance of wheat to stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis West)p. 317
Disease resistance in sorghump. 318
Resistance evaluation of cultivars and advanced lines to barley leaf stripe disease caused by Pyrenophora graminea in Northern Iranp. 319
Assessment of durability of seven, earlier reported as partially leaf rust (Puccinia recondita f.sp. tritici) resistant spring wheat cultivarsp. 320
Selecting for partial resistance to rice blast in Brazilian upland ricep. 321
Brasilian upland rice cultivars selected for complete resistance maintain higher level of field resistance than those selected for partial resistancep. 322
Localisation of extensin-like epitopes in various plant (monocot)-fungi-interactionsp. 323
Localisation of polygenes for partial resistance of barley (Hordeum vulgare) to barley leaf rust (Puccinia hordei) with RFLP markersp. 324
Observed and predicted changes in virulence gene frequencies in a local population of barley powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis f.sp. hordei)p. 325
Selection of races of powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis f.sp. hordei Marchal) in pure and mixed stands of three spring barley cultivarsp. 326
Resistant cultivars of apricot to bacterial canker (Pseudomonas Syringae pv. syringae) in Mashhadp. 327
A project to transfer durable resistance to stripe (yellow) rust from European to Indian bread wheatsp. 328
General resistance breeding for stresses in maize in tropicsp. 329
Resistance gene combinations that condition enhanced resistance to Puccinia recondita, leaf rust of wheatp. 330
Wheat breeding for resistance to Leptosphaeria nodorum, the cause of Septoria nodorum blotch in Croatiap. 331
Durability of resistance to Puccinia striiformis in North American wheat cultivarsp. 332
Estimation of genetic parameters for foot rot resistance in rye (Secale cereale)p. 333
Durability of scab (Fusarium graminearum, F. culmorum) resistance in wheatp. 335
Durability of resistance in induced mutantsp. 336
Adult plant and partial resistance of wheat as kinds of durable resistance to rustsp. 337
Durable resistance to leaf rust (Puccinia recondita f.sp. tritici) and powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis f.sp. tritici) in Italian durum wheat cultivarsp. 338
Variability in pathogenicity of poplar rusts (Melampsora spp.) and the selection for durable resistance in cultivated poplar clonesp. 339
Characterization of non host resistance to lettuce downy mildew (Bremia lactucae) in Loctuca salignap. 340
A computer program for storing and analyzing qualitative disease observations of leaf blast (Magnaporthe grisea) on ricep. 341
Low appressorium formation by rust fungi on genotypes of Hordeum chilensep. 342
Durable resistance in wheat to the tan spot fungus (Pyrenophora tritici-repentis)p. 343
Durable control of stem rust (Puccinia graminis f.sp. tritici) in North American spring wheatp. 344
Field studies on the inheritance of partial resistance to powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis f.sp. secalis) in ryep. 345
Tolerance, resistance to multiplication and immunity to tomato yellow top virus and potato leafroll virus in Lycopersicon peruvianum and of its tomato hybrid progeniesp. 347
Inhibition of deoxynivalenol translocation and fungal colonization in Fusarium head blight resistant wheatp. 348
Downy mildew (Peronospora viciae), on peasp. 349
Durability of resistance to viruses in the potatop. 350
Breeding rice cultivars resistant to bacterial leaf blight (Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae) in Vietnamp. 351
Screening techniques for detection of resistance to root rot caused by Phytophthora spp. in horticultural cropsp. 352
Resistance to snow mold fungi (Microdochium nivale and Typhula ishikariensis) in grasses and cerealsp. 353
Durability and stability of resistance of wheat to Septoria nodorum (glume blotch) as assessed by means of disease progress on flag leavesp. 354
Recurrent selection for downy mildew (Sclerospora graminicola (Sacc.) Schroet.) resistance in pearl milletp. 355
Assessment of the durability of partial resistance in the rye/powdery mildew pathosystemp. 356
Inheritance of resistance to wheat leaf rust Puccinia recondita in four accessions of diploid wheatp. 358
List of Participantsp. 359
Author Indexp. 367
Subject Indexp. 369
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792323143
ISBN-10: 0792323149
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 375
Published: 30th June 1993
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 24.77 x 17.15  x 3.05
Weight (kg): 0.84