The goal of this book, a companion volume to Social Motivations for Codeswitching (Oxford, 1993) is to describe and explain intrasentential codeswitching--the production of two or more languages within the same sentence. Most linguists who do not study codeswitching think of it as belonging strictly in the domain of sociolinguistics. Most codeswitching studies do indeed have a social aspect, because they typically use naturally occurring performance data as their base. This book, however, is just as much a study in grammatical theory as a study of language in use. The specific research question addressed is this: when speakers alternate between two or more linguistic varieties, how free is this alternation from the structural point of view? Carol Myers-Scotton develops a model of the morphosyntactic constraints on codeswitching and concludes that the principles governing codeswitching are the same everywhere.
`Clearly, Myers-Scotton's aim is to go beyond the mere listing of explanatory factors in codeswitching such as there are ... To my mind, Myers-Scotton's Markedness Model succeeds brilliantly in achieving this task ... Duelling Languages is such an extremely rich book that I cannot possibly do justice to it within the confines of the present review ... the book offers a readily accessible research programme to anyone wishing to enter the current debate. This
alone, I presume, will do to entice the prospective reader. Myers-Scotton has most certainly done her homework - the amount of literature she has absorbed and presented in a most intelligent way is
Didier L. Goyvaerts, University of Antwerp, Journal of African Language and Linguistics
`In recent years, there has been a flurry of publications on code-switching. Myers-Scotton's latest book Duelling Languages is a welcome addition to this group. Duelling Languages is the first book devoted entirely to developing a general theory of structural constraints on infrasential CS; as such, it is likely to stimulate much further thinking in the field.'
Language in Society
`a most welcome addition to the literature on structural constraints on code-switching, and will certainly be essential reading for anyone interested in the subject. The book provides a clear and carefully argued presentation of the MLF Model, set against a useful survey of previous literature.'
Language, Vol 71 no 1
Studies in Second Language Acquisition Vol 17:1
`the research presented in these two books exemplifies a thoroughness approaching the extraordinary ... So much energy! So much intelligence! Taken together, the books under review constitute a unique grammatical theory. Although the books are clearly intended for a general audience it cannot be denied that especially Africanists will get additional enjoyment from perusing Myers-Scotton's data base - the picture of Africa and the multilingual world that
emerges from it is a vivid one.'
Didier L. Goyvaerts, University of Antwerp and University of Brussels, JALL 16 (1995)
`an extremely rich book that I cannot possibly do just to it within the confines of the present review ... As such, the book offers a readily accessible research program to anyone wishing to enter the current debate. This alone, I presume, will do to entice the prospective reader ... the amount of literature she has absorbed and presented in a most intelligent way is staggering.'
Didier L. Goyvaerts, JALL 16 (1995)
`clear and easy to read ... Myers-Scotton's work has developed into the dominant paradigm for present-day research in this field ... we wish to stress ... the importance of Myers-Scotton's work for the field ... It has linked psycholinguistic, sociolinguistic, and grammatical concerns and contains a number of valuable ideas that can lead to further hypotheses and a clearer view of how bilinguals function.'
Pieter Muysken, Vincent de Rooij, University of Amsterdam, Linguistics 33 (1995