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Dry Grain Farming Families : Hausalund (Nigeria) and Karnataka (India) Compared - Polly Hill

Dry Grain Farming Families

Hausalund (Nigeria) and Karnataka (India) Compared

Paperback

Published: 6th December 1982
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Anthropologists and economists have made persistent efforts to identify economic features of rural tropical economies in the simplest possible terms, in order to enhance their universality. This work has resulted in the creation of a body of doctrine on such matters as the causes of rural economic inequality and abysmal poverty which has hardened the arteries of our thought. The doctrine is far too generalised to have any practical utility; it is ahistorical; and it usually involves the dangerous and false belief that all cultivators in any particular community are apt to have similar economic responses. So firm is this orthodoxy (which has a wide political spectrum), so great the fear of the chaos which would result from emphasising the significance of the heterogeneity of socio-economic structures, that under-development studies have become deadlocked - to the point that our ignorance is constantly on the increase. The book represents a radical assault on prevailing orthodoxy: it is an attempt to break the deadlock by insisting on the prior need for the proper categorisation of the main types of agrarian system in the tropical world, which are not necessarily at all numerous. It is, moreover, a thoroughly practical demonstration of the possibilities of identifying one of these important categories and of drawing useful generalised conclusions about it, on the basis of detailed fieldwork in parts of northern Nigeria and south India.

List of tables
List of figures
List of plates
Preface
Acknowledgements
List of abbreviations and conventions
Introductory chapter
Background material: the two regions and the eight localities
A dry grain Agrarian mode
The village farmland
The farming household: (1) joint households
The farming household: (2) miscellaneous aspects
The essence of inequality: land ownership
The diversity of economic activity
Intensification
Upward and downward mobility
Migration
Rural/urban relationships
The withdrawal from the countryside
Agrestic servitude
The inevitable dissolution of the large estates
How did the weakest elements formerly survive in the anekal villages?
The lack of an Agrarian hierarchy in pre-colonial west Africa
A dry grain mode: some conclusions
List of references
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521271028
ISBN-10: 0521271029
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 340
Published: 6th December 1982
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 1.9
Weight (kg): 0.5