The book gives an update on different aspects of drug addiction and AIDS. The first chapters deal with the biological aspects of drug addiction, from cloning of brain opioid receptors to the mechanisms of dependence development. The second part confirms the validity of methadone maintenance treatments in controlling heroin addiction, and shows the spreading of methadone use in different European countries. Methadone maintenance also appears as the most valid strategy in HIV epidemics prevention. The most recent acquisition on AIDS diagnostic criteria and treatment protocols are discussed. The debate on these topics remains unresolved but the authoritative opinions and the significant data reported will help in attenuating emotionality, and will favor a progressively more pragmatic approach.
1. Opposing Tonically Active Endogenous Opioid System Modulating the Mesolimbic Dopamine Reward Pathway.- 2. Recent Advances in the Understanding of Membrane Opioid Receptor.- 3. Central Dopaminergic Mechanism of Alcohol and Opiate Withdrawal Syndromes.- 4. Endogenous Morphine and Codeine As Possible Physiological Ligands of ?-Opiate Receptors.- 5. Drug of Abuse Craving in Free-Choice Experimental Conditions.- 6. Methadone Maintenance. Comes of Age.- 7. Pharmacotherapy for craving.- 8. The Use of GHB in Anticraving Therapy. Preliminary Experimental Data of its Use in Alcohol and Heroin Dependence.- 9. Development of an Italian Version of the "Readiness to Change Questionnaire" for Alcoholism and Addiction.- 10. Mood Disorders in Heroin Dependence and Clinical Differences Between Heroin Addicts with and without Mood Disorders.- 11. Nature and Magnitude of Problems Associated with Psychoactive Drugs.- 12. The Street Life and Treatment Response of 105 Heroin Addicted Women.- 13. The Pharmacological Rationale for Methadone Treatment of Narcotic Addiction.- 14. Reducing Heroin Consumption During Methadone Treatment and Limitation of Post-Treatment Relapses: Two Crucial Public Health Problems.- 15. Methadone Against AIDS. The Swedish Experience.- 16. Addiction and Pregnancy: Maternal and Child Issues.- 17. Tuberculosis. The Comeback of a Killer.- 18. Lowering the Threshold: A Comparative Overview of AIDS Prevention Among Injecting Drug Users Using Outreach Technology.- 19. Pharmacological Treatment of Addiction: Normalization of Physiology and AIDS Risk Reduction.- 20. Methadone Treatment and the Epidemiology of AIDS in the European Community.- 21. Public Health in Face of Drug Addiction and AIDS.- 22. The Dark and Light Aspects of Italian Legislation on Substances of Abuse.- 23. Methadone and Criminality. Euro-methwork Workshop.- 24. Workshop of the European Collaborating Centres in Addiction Studies (ECCAS).- Methadone Substitution Therapy and its Impact on HIV Risk Behaviors.- A Report from Denmark.- A Report from Germany.- A Report from Ireland.- A Report from Italy: Methadone Treatment in Opiate Addicts: 12 Years Experience in Italy.- The Padova Centre Report.- A Report from Spain. The Methadone Maintenance Programs in Barcelona.- A Report from Switzerland. Methadone Treatment in Switzerland.- 25. 1st European Methadone Conference. Opening Remarks.- 26. Incorporating a Methadone Maintenance Program into a Drug-free Treatment System.- 27. Heroin Dependence. Theory of Different Levels of Intervention.
Number Of Pages: 232
Published: January 2003
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: AT
Dimensions (cm): 24.41 x 16.99
Weight (kg): 0.41