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Documenting Individual Identity : The Development of State Practices in the Modern World - Jane Caplan

Documenting Individual Identity

The Development of State Practices in the Modern World

By: Jane Caplan (Editor), John Torpey (Editor)

Paperback Published: 9th December 2001
ISBN: 9780691009124
Number Of Pages: 432

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This book addresses one of the least studied yet most pervasive aspects of modern life--the techniques and mechanisms by which official agencies certify individual identity. From passports and identity cards to labor registration and alien documentation, from fingerprinting to much-debated contemporary issues such as DNA-typing, body surveillance, and the catastrophic results of colonial-era identity documentation in postcolonial Rwanda, "Documenting Individual Identity" offers the most comprehensive historical overview of this fascinating topic ever published.

The nineteen essays in this volume represent the collaborative effort of historians, sociologists, historians of science, political scientists, economists, and specialists in international relations. Together they cover a period from the emergence of systematic practices of written identification in early modern Europe through to the present day, and a geographic range that includes Europe, the Soviet Union, North and South America, and Africa. While the book is attuned to the nefarious possibilities of states' increasing capacity to identify individuals, it recognizes that these same techniques also certify citizens' eligibility for significant positive rights, such as welfare benefits and voting.

Unprecedented in subject and scope, Documenting Individual Identity promises to shape a whole new field of research that crosses disciplinary boundaries and is of broad public and academic significance. In addition to the editors, the contributors are Valentin Groebner, Gerard Noiriel, Charles Steinwedel, Marc Garcelon, Jon Agar, Martine Kaluszynski, Peter Becker, Anne Joseph, Kristin Ruggiero, Andrea Geselle, Andreas Fahrmeier, Leo Lucassen, Pamela Sankar, David Lyon, Gary Marx, Dita Vogel, and Timothy Longman.

"This collection of essays examines the ways in which official agencies have sought to certify the identities of individuals throughout history, from the development of paper bureaucracy in Renaissance Italy and France and the subsequent invention of national citizenship, to the census and the development of police practices including warrants and fingerprinting. Intriguing points abound."--Steven Poole, The Guardian "The essays are uniformly rigorous, well-written, and fascinating."--Barbara Cruikshank, American Journal of Sociology

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
Creating Apparatuses of Identificationp. 13
Describing the Person, Reading the Signs in Late Medieval and Renaissance Europe: Identity Papers, Vested Figures, and the Limits of Identification, 1400-1600p. 15
The Identification of the Citizen: The Birth of Republican Civil Status in Francep. 28
"This or That Particular Person": Protocols of Identification in Nineteenth-Century Europep. 49
Making Social Groups, One Person at a Time: The Identification of Individuals by Estate, Religious Confession, and Ethnicity in Late Imperial Russiap. 67
Colonizing the Subject: The Genealogy and Legacy of the Soviet Internal Passportp. 83
Modern Horrors: British Identity and Identity Cardsp. 101
Identification Practices and Policingp. 121
Republican Identity: Bertillonage as Government Techniquep. 123
The Standardized Gaze: The Standardization of the Search Warrant in Nineteenth-Century Germanyp. 139
Anthropometry, the Police Expert, and the Deptford Murders: The Contested Introduction of Fingerprinting for the Identification of Criminals in Late Victorian and Edwardian Britainp. 164
Fingerprinting and the Argentine Plan for Universal Identification in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuriesp. 184
Identification and Control of Movementp. 197
Domenica Saba Takes to the Road: Origins and Development of a Modern Passport System in Lombardy-Venetop. 199
Governments and Forgers: Passports in Nineteenth-Century Europep. 218
A Many-Headed Monster: The Evolution of the Passport System in the Netherlands and Germany in the Long Nineteenth Centuryp. 235
The Great War and the Birth of the Modern Passport Systemp. 256
Contemporary Issues in Identificationp. 271
DNA-Typing: Galton's Eugenic Dream Realized?p. 273
Under My Skin: From Identification Papers to Body Surveillancep. 291
Identity and Anonymity: Some Conceptual Distinctions and Issues for Researchp. 311
Identifying Unauthorized Foreign Workers in the German Labor Marketp. 328
Identity Cards, Ethnic Self-Perception, and Genocide in Rwandap. 345
Bibliographyp. 359
Notes on Contributorsp. 397
Indexp. 403
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691009124
ISBN-10: 0691009120
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 432
Published: 9th December 2001
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.6