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Divorce Lawyers and Their Clients : Power and Meaning in the Legal Process - Austin Sarat

Divorce Lawyers and Their Clients

Power and Meaning in the Legal Process

Paperback

Published: 1st July 1997
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Each year more than 2 million Americans get divorced, and most of them use a lawyer. In closed-door conversations between lawyers and their clients strategy is planned, tactics are devised, and the emotional climate of the divorce is established. Do lawyers contribute to the pain and emotional difficulty of divorce by escalating demands and encouraging unreasonable behavior? Do they take advantage of clients at a time of emotional difficulty? Can and should clients trust their lawyers to look out for their welfare and advance their long-term interests?
Austin Sarat and William L. F. Felstiner's new book, based on a pioneering and intensive study of actual conferences between divorce lawyers and their clients, provides an unprecedented behind-the-scenes description of the lawyer-client relationship, and calls into question much of the conventional wisdom about what divorce lawyers actually do. Divorce Lawyers and Their Clients suggests that most divorces are marked less by a pattern of aggressive advocacy than by one of inaction and drift. It uncovers reasons why lawyers find divorce practice frustrating and difficult and why clients frequently feel dissatisfied with their lawyers. This new work provides a unique perspective on the dynamics of professionalism. It charts the complex and shifting ways lawyers and clients "negotiate" their relationship as they work out the strategy and tactics of divorce.
Sarat and Felstiner show how both lawyers and clients are able to draw on resources of power to set the agenda of their interaction, while neither one is fully in charge. Rather, power shifts between the two parties; where it is achieved, power is found in the ability to have one's understandings of the social and legal worlds of divorce accepted. Power then works through the creation of shared meanings. Divorce Lawyers and Their Clients examines the effort to create such shared meanings about the nature of marriage and why marriages fail, the operation of the legal process, and the best way to bring divorces to closure. It will be fascinating reading for anyone who is going through a divorce, or has gone through one, as well as for lawyers, judges, and scholars of law and society.

"This astonishing book provides a more concrete, intimate picture of the lawyer-client relation than I would have thought possible. In doing so, it challenges most of the conventional assumptions about lawyering. This is critical social theory with the vividness and excitement of modernist fiction."--William H. Simon, Stanford Law School "This lively and compelling book takes the reader into the offices of divorce lawyers for fascinating glimpses into the difficult and tense moments when lawyers and clients negotiate divorce cases and discuss how the law works and what it can do for them. Theoretically, it is a brilliant interpretive study of the way meanings are made and contested in discussions between legal professionals and their clients. Ironically, it reveals the elusiveness of meaning and the fragility of the power of law in these situations. This is essential reading for anyone interested in the process of divorce or in the newest work in interpretive sociolegal scholarship."--Sally Engle Merry, Wellesley College and Past President of the Law & Society Association "Divorce Lawyers and Their Clients is interpretive scholarship at its best. It will stimulate scholars and instruct practitioners. While it presents to socio-legal scholars a critique and reorientation of orthodox ways for analyzing power in lawyer-client relationships, it also offers rich insights on practice to reflective practitioners of matrimonial law and to law teachers who seek effectively to prepare their students for a client-centered practice on law."--Robert MacCrate, former President of the American Bar Association, and Partner, Sullivan & Cromwell "This book illustrates what social study of law at its best can offer: vivid portrayals of how lawyers and law itself appear to clients and observers in settings usually inaccessible to outsiders. The authors brilliantly explore how lawyers and clients negotiate their own relationships, the meanings of their experiences, the relation between law and emotion, and ultimately, the place of choice and fate. Anyone interested in divorce, law-in-action, professionalism, or the struggle for meaning in the face of human crises should read and reread this book."--Martha Minow, Harvard Law School "Everybody complains about lawyers, but no one does anything about them. One reason is that we have almost no reliable knowledge of what they do. For years social scientists said lawyer-client interactions could not be studied. But Austin Sarat and Bill Felstiner proved them wrong. This is the most comprehensive empirical investigation of how lawyers shape client understandings and objectives. The analysis is nuanced and sophisticated. It will be essential reading for both divorce lawyers and their clients as well as anyone seeking to reform the legal profession and legal education."--Richard Abel, University of California at Los Angeles Law School "This book allows us a rare peek behind closed doors. Beautifully written and sensitively interpreted by Sarat and Felstiner, Divorce Lawyers and Their Clients shows how lawyers and clients attempt to mediate complex, shifting, and frequently conflicted versions of reality. Setting a standard for what a sophisticated legal anthropology can achieve, the book also provides a guide to both lawyers and clients enmeshed in this exquisitely delicate process."--Diane Vaughan, author of Uncoupling: Turning Points in Intimate Relationships "This book provides an excellent example of the emerging contributions of interprevist scholarship in sociolegal studies....By reporting on a unique set of data about lawyer-client interactions in divorce cases, the authors advance everyone's understanding of this crucial site for the creation, interpretation, communication and application of law."--The Law and Politics Book Review "This astonishing book provides a more concrete, intimate picture of the lawyer-client relation than I would have thought possible. In doing so, it challenges most of the conventional assumptions about lawyering. This is critical social theory with the vividness and excitement of modernist fiction."--William H. Simon, Stanford Law School "This lively and compelling book takes the reader into the offices of divorce lawyers for fascinating glimpses into the difficult and tense moments when lawyers and clients negotiate divorce cases and discuss how the law works and what it can do for them. Theoretically, it is a brilliant interpretive study of the way meanings are made and contested in discussions between legal professionals and their clients. Ironically, it reveals the elusiveness of meaning and the fragility of the power of law in these situations. This is essential reading for anyone interested in the process of divorce or in the newest work in interpretive sociolegal scholarship."--Sally Engle Merry, Wellesley College and Past President of the Law & Society Association "Divorce Lawyers and Their Clients is interpretive scholarship at its best. It will stimulate scholars and instruct practitioners. While it presents to socio-legal scholars a critique and reorientation of orthodox ways for analyzing power in lawyer-client relationships, it also offers rich insights on practice to reflective practitioners of matrimonial law and to law teachers who seek effectively to prepare their students for a client-centered practice on law."--Robert MacCrate, former President of the American Bar Association, and Partner, Sullivan & Cromwell "This book illustrates what social study of law at its best can offer: vivid portrayals of how lawyers and law itself appear to clients and observers in settings usually inaccessible to outsiders. The authors brilliantly explore how lawyers and clients negotiate their own relationships, the meanings of their experiences, the relation between law and emotion, and ultimately, the place of choice and fate. Anyone interested in divorce, law-in-action, professionalism, or the struggle for meaning in the face of human crises should read and reread this book."--Martha Minow, Harvard Law School "Everybody complains about lawyers, but no one does anything about them. One reason is that we have almost no reliable knowledge of what they do. For years social scientists said lawyer-client interactions could not be studied. But Austin Sarat and Bill Felstiner proved them wrong. This is the most comprehensive empirical investigation of how lawyers shape client understandings and objectives. The analysis is nuanced and sophisticated. It will be essential reading for both divorce lawyers and their clients as well as anyone seeking to reform the legal profession and legal education."--Richard Abel, University of California at Los Angeles Law School "This book allows us a rare peek behind closed doors. Beautifully written and sensitively interpreted by Sarat and Felstiner, Divorce Lawyers and Their Clients shows how lawyers and clients attempt to mediate complex, shifting, and frequently conflicted versions of reality. Setting a standard for what a sophisticated legal anthropology can achieve, the book also provides a guide to both lawyers and clients enmeshed in this exquisitely delicate process."--Diane Vaughan, author of Uncoupling: Turning Points in Intimate Relationships "This book provides an excellent example of the emerging contributions of interprevist scholarship in sociolegal studies....By reporting on a unique set of data about lawyer-client interactions in divorce cases, the authors advance everyone's understanding of this crucial site for the creation, interpretation, communication and application of law."--The Law and Politics Book Review "Read this book if you have any interest in the divorce process. Well done."--Contemporary Sociology "This is a sublime work that concerns a major social issue and addresses it from the inside by analyzing the social-interactional practices that help constitute it....It is accessible yet sophisticated and beautifully written. I would recommend it for anyone interested in the sociology of law, political sociology, or the analysis of discourse, and for graduate courses comprising these areas."--American Journal of Sociology

1. Introduction: 2. Reconstructing the Past, Imagining the Future: Defining the Domain of Relevance in Lawyer-Client Interaction: 3. Negotiating "Realism" and Responsibility in Lawyer-Client Interactions: 4. Law Talk in the Divorce Lawyer's Office: 5. From Adversariness to Resolution: Lawyers, Clients, and the World of Deals: 6. Conclusion: Notes References Index

ISBN: 9780195117998
ISBN-10: 0195117999
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 204
Published: 1st July 1997
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.32 x 15.57  x 1.45
Weight (kg): 0.39