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Divided by Faith : Evangelical Religion and the Problem of Race in America - Michael O. Emerson

Divided by Faith

Evangelical Religion and the Problem of Race in America

Paperback

Published: 6th September 2001
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Through a nationwide telephone survey of 2,000 people and an additional 200 face-to-face interviews, Michael O. Emerson and Christian Smith probed the grassroots of white evangelical America. They found that despite recent efforts by the movement's leaders to address the problem of racial discrimination, evangelicals themselves seem to be preserving America's racial chasm. In fact, most white evangelicals see no systematic discrimination against blacks. But the authors contend that it is not active racism that prevents evangelicals from recognizing ongoing problems in American society. Instead, it is the evangelical movement's emphasis on individualism, free will, and personal relationships that makes invisible the pervasive injustice that perpetuates racial inequality. Most racial problems, the subjects told the authors, can be solved by the repentance and conversion of the sinful individuals at fault.
Combining a substantial body of evidence with sophisticated analysis and interpretation, the authors throw sharp light on the oldest American dilemma. In the end, they conclude that despite the best intentions of evangelical leaders and some positive trends, real racial reconciliation remains far over the horizon.

"A fascinating account of the influence of white evangelicalism on black-white relations in the United States."--The Journal of Religion "This book cogently summarizes the race-related history of evangelicalism and then, based on data from surveys of 2,000 white evangelicals and 200 follow-up interviews, explores various dimensions of contemporary evangelical attitudes and practices related to race.... All academic levels."--Choice "This is an important book. With thoughtful conceptual distinctions and careful analysis of data from a variety of empirical sources, Emerson and Smith provide an interesting account of how white evangelicals perpetuate the very racial divisions they publicly oppose. Divided by Faith breaks new ground in the study of religion and American race relations."--William Julius Wilson, Harvard University, author of The Truly Disadvantaged and The Bridge Over the Racial Divide "This book is a report card for the church leaders and, I hope, the larger society. The authors show how racial valuations are basically built into the structures of society, and so we are, in a sense, failing by design."--Robert Franklin, Christianity Today "A fascinating account of the influence of white evangelicalism on black-white relations in the United States."--The Journal of Religion "This book cogently summarizes the race-related history of evangelicalism and then, based on data from surveys of 2,000 white evangelicals and 200 follow-up interviews, explores various dimensions of contemporary evangelical attitudes and practices related to race....All academic levels."--Choice "This is an important book. With thoughtful conceptual distinctions and careful analysis of data from a variety of empirical sources, Emerson and Smith provide an interesting account of how white evangelicals perpetuate the very racial divisions they publicly oppose. Divided by Faith breaks new ground in the study of religion and American race relations."--William Julius Wilson, Lewis P. and Linda L. Geyser University Professor, Harvard University, and author of The Truly Disadvantaged and The Bridge Over the Racial Divide "Divided by Faith is just that--an account of the deep racial division within American religion. But more than that, it is a penetrating look at the societal and religious-based reasons for this division within the Evangelical Christian sector, and a compassionate plea on the part of the authors for Christians to engage the issue of race and to lead the country in solving this 'American Dilemma.' A thorough and very readable book, to be read by scholars and church members alike."--Wade Clark Roof, J.F. Rowny Professor of Religion and Society, University of California, Santa Barbara "This path-breaking book is the best study in print on the racial attitudes of white evangelical Protestants. The book's unusual strength comes from its ability to combine a reliable summary of historical circumstances with careful attention to what evangelicals actually say and sensitive use of responsible sociological theory. The arguments of the book are made even more forceful by the willingness of Emerson and Smith to take the evangelicals' own theology seriously, especially where that theology calls into question standard patterns of evangelical racial practice."--Mark A. Noll, Professor of History, Wheaton College "This book is a report card for the church leaders and, I hope, the larger society. The authors show how racial valuations are basically built into the structures of society, and so we are, in a sense, failing by design."--Robert Franklin, president, Interdenominational Theological Center in Atlanta, the largest historically African-American seminary in the U.S., as quoted in Christianity Today "A carefully nuanced descriptive analysis of 'the white experience' in relation to evangelical religion. Not since I read Charles Marsh's God's Long Summer...have I encountered such a conscientious engagement of the ethical problem of religion and race among white evangelicals."--Cheryl J. Sanders, Professor of Christian Ethics at Howard University School of Divinity and senior pastor, Third Street Church of God in Washington, D.C., as quoted in Harvard Divinity Bulletin "Somewhat surprisingly, the racial dimensions of religious activity have been relatively under-studied by sociologists of religion, a gap that makes the insightful contribution of Michael Emerson and Christian Smith's book... all the more important."--Contemporary Sociology

Preface
Introduction: Religion and the Racialized Societyp. 1
Confronting the Black-White Racial Dividep. 5
From Separate Pews to Separate Churches: Evangelical Racial Thought and Practice, 1700-1964p. 21
Becoming Active: Contemporary Involvement in the American Dilemmap. 51
Color Blind: Evangelicals Speak on the "Race Problem"p. 69
Controlling One's Own Destiny: Explaining Economic Inequality Between Blacks and Whitesp. 93
Let's Be Friends: Exploring Solutions to the Race Problemp. 115
The Organization of Religion and Internally Similar Congregationsp. 135
Structurally Speaking: Religion and Racializationp. 153
Conclusionp. 169
Appendices (2)p. 173
Notesp. 183
Bibliographyp. 197
Indexp. 209
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195147070
ISBN-10: 0195147073
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 224
Published: 6th September 2001
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 20.3 x 13.5  x 1.2
Weight (kg): 0.17