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District Energy Trends, Issues, and Opportunities : The Role of the World Bank - Carolyn Gochenour

District Energy Trends, Issues, and Opportunities

The Role of the World Bank

Paperback

Published: 1st March 2001
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This report evaluates the history and development of district heating and district cooling, together referred to as district energy, in North America, Western Europe, Asia, Eastern and Central Europe and the former Soviet Union. It reviews the key institutional, economic, financial, technical, and environmental issues in the countries of Eastern and Central Europe and the former Soviet Union in order to arrive at operationally relevant issues as well as to define opportunities for new activities to be supported by the World Bank.

Forewordp. v
Abstractp. vi
Acknowledgmentsp. vii
Acronyms and Abbreviationsp. viii
Weights and Measuresp. ix
Executive Summaryp. x
Introductionp. 1
Backgroundp. 1
Objectivesp. 1
What Are District Heating and Cooling?p. 1
Extent and Key Characteristics of District Heating Systemsp. 2
Early Development of District Heating Systemsp. 2
Western European District Heating Systemsp. 3
North American District Energy Systemsp. 7
Central and Eastern European and the Former Soviet Union Systemsp. 12
Asian District Energy Systemsp. 16
Institutional and Regulatory Arrangements for District Heatingp. 18
Western Europep. 18
United Statesp. 21
Eastern Europep. 24
Economic and Financial Aspects of District Heatingp. 27
Economic Benefits of District Heatingp. 27
Financial Aspects of District Heatingp. 31
Environmental Aspects of District Heatingp. 38
Environmental Benefits of District Heatingp. 38
Environmental Impacts of District Heatingp. 39
Western European Environmental Policiesp. 41
United States' Environmental Policiesp. 41
Central and Eastern European and The Former Soviet Union Environmental Situation and Policiesp. 42
Comparison of Eastern European and Western District Heating Systemsp. 43
Extent and Coveragep. 43
Technical Aspectsp. 44
Institutional Aspectsp. 46
Financial Aspectsp. 48
Environmental Aspectsp. 49
District Coolingp. 50
History and Present State of District Cooling in Europep. 50
History and Present State of District Cooling in the United Statesp. 53
District Cooling in Asiap. 55
The Future of District Heating and District Coolingp. 56
District Heating Potentialp. 56
District Cooling Potentialp. 64
The World Bank's Role in the District Heating Sector in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Unionp. 67
Macroeconomic and Fiscal Impacts of District Heatingp. 67
Social Impacts of District Heatingp. 69
World Bank Experience in Financing District Heating Investmentsp. 71
Rational for World Bank Involvement in District Heating or Other Heating Systemsp. 75
Annexes
Summary of the Extent and Characteristics of Western European District Heating Systemsp. 80
Key New Merchant District Energy Systems in the United Statesp. 84
The Thirteen Largest District Heating Systems in the Worldp. 88
Extent and Key Characteristics of Central and Eastern European and Former Soviet Union Countriesp. 89
The History and Status of Deregulation of the Gas and Electricity Markets in the United Statesp. 94
Technical Statistics of European District Energy Systemsp. 96
Largest District Cooling Systems in the United Statesp. 97
District Heating and Energy Efficiency Projects Financed by the World Bank Groupp. 98
Results of the Poland District Heating Projectsp. 100
Referencesp. 103
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780821349113
ISBN-10: 0821349112
Series: World Bank Technical Papers
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 105
Published: 1st March 2001
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 27.99 x 21.03  x 0.76
Weight (kg): 0.3