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Dismantlement and Destruction of Chemical, Nuclear and Conventional Weapons : Contributions to Phenomenology - Nancy Turtle Schulte

Dismantlement and Destruction of Chemical, Nuclear and Conventional Weapons

Contributions to Phenomenology

By: Nancy Turtle Schulte (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 28th February 1997
ISBN: 9780792344704
Number Of Pages: 246

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The end ofthe Cold War opened unprecedented opportunities for reductions in weapons of mass destruction. With these opportunities came new challenges, both scientific and political. Traditionally approached by different groups, the scientific, technical and political challenges are inextricably intertwined. Agreements to dismantle and destroy chemical, nuclear and conventional weapons, after having been negotiated via diplomatic channels, require the expertise of scientists associated with their development to determine the safest and most environmentally sound methods of destruction. It is in this context that representatives from sixteen countries and five international organizations were convened jointly by NATO, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Germany and the State Government of North Rhine Westphalia 19-21 May, 1996 in a meeting near Bonn to take stock of worldwide efforts to destroy and dismantle chemical, nuclear and conventional weapons remaining after the end ofthe Cold War. NATO support was provided under the auspices of the NATO Science Committee's Panel on Disarmament Technologies. The conference brought together the major actors involved in the dismantlement and destruction of chemical, nuclear and conventional weapons, highlighted the substantial accomplishments achieved in this area and pinpointed the remaining technical obstacles still to be overcome. It also underlined the critical importance of transparency, data exchange and verification as indispensable preconditions for disarmament and cooperative security.

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
Cooperation as a Common Strategic Interestp. 1
Toward Peace with Ever-Fewer Weaponsp. 5
Dismantlement and Destruction of Chemical, Nuclear and Conventional Weaponsp. 9
Disarmament and Conversionp. 11
Challenges in Reducing the Legacy of the Cold Warp. 13
French Policy on Arms Control and Disarmamentp. 19
The Netherlands: Participation in Chemical Weapons Destructionp. 23
Norwegian Perspectives and Participation in Nuclear and Chemical Weapons Disarmamentp. 25
U.S. National Perspectives on Cooperation in Disarmament: The Cooperative Threat Reduction Programp. 29
Belarus: Problems of Disarmament and Arms Controlp. 33
The French-Russian Programme for Nuclear Weapons Dismantlement: The "AIDA Plan"p. 37
German Perspectives on Cooperation in Disarmamentp. 39
Japanese Perspectives on the Destruction of Nuclear and Chemical Weaponsp. 41
Implementation of Arms Control Treaties: A U.K. Perspectivep. 43
The Destruction of Chemical Weapons under the Chemical Weapons Conventionp. 45
Overview of the United States Chemical Demilitarization Programp. 53
Destruction of German Old Chemical Weapons in Munsterp. 65
United States Support to the Russian Chemical Weapons Destruction Programp. 69
German-Russian Cooperation in the Destruction of Chemical Weaponsp. 77
Swedish-Russian Cooperation Project Concerning the Lewisite Storage Facility in Kambarkap. 79
Status of Dismantlement of Nuclear Weapons: U.S. Department of Energyp. 85
Cooperative Threat Reduction: The View from Russiap. 89
Nuclear Disarmament: A French Perspectivep. 93
German Bilateral Cooperative Programmes in the Nuclear Fieldp. 97
Cooperative Approaches to Disarmament and Non-Proliferationp. 99
Japan's Technical Secretariat on Cooperation for the Elimination of Nuclear Weaponsp. 101
Combatting Illicit Trafficking of Nuclear Materials: Cooperation Projects Financed by the European Union with Non-Member Countriesp. 105
Plans, Programmes and Challenges in the Destruction of Conventional Weaponsp. 119
The CFE Treaty as the Foundation for European Security: Russia's Participation and Perspectivesp. 121
Dismantlement and Destruction of Conventional Weaponsp. 125
Currently Employed Destruction Technologies: An Introductionp. 131
Chemical Warfare Agents and Weapons Disposal Experience in the United Statesp. 135
International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) Working Party on Chemical Weapons Destruction Technologiesp. 151
Destruction of Chemical Weaponsp. 153
Old Chemical Weapons in Belgium: Do We Need Alternative Destruction Technologies?p. 159
Deactivation, Dismantlement and Destruction of Delivery Systems and Infrastructurep. 161
Dismantlement of Strategic Nuclear Delivery Vehicles and their Associated Infrastructure: Prospects and Problemsp. 163
Storage and Safeguarding of Fissile Materialsp. 169
Disposition of Weapons-Grade Plutonium in Russia: Evaluation of Different Optionsp. 171
Storage, Safeguarding and Disposition of Fissile Materialsp. 181
Plans, Programmes and Challenges in the Destruction of Conventional Weaponsp. 183
Conversion Technologies and the Civilian Use of Demilitarised Materialp. 185
The NATO Science Committee and Disarmament Technologies Programmep. 189
Redirection of Research Facilities and Scientific Personnelp. 203
The Science and Technology Centre of Ukrainep. 207
Cooperation in Solving Environmental Problems of the Armed Forces of Russia and Germany: Experience and Prospectsp. 211
Aspects of Environmental Protection in the Destruction of Chemical Weaponsp. 215
Environmental Policy Challenges in Connection with Disarmament and Contaminated Military Sitesp. 217
Environmental Challenges Posed by Nuclear Disarmament in the North: The Finnish Responsep. 223
Disarmament and Environmentp. 227
Accomplishments and Challenges of Disarmamentp. 231
Appendix: List of Participantsp. 237
Indexp. 243
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792344704
ISBN-10: 0792344707
Series: Contributions to Phenomenology
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 246
Published: 28th February 1997
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.6
Weight (kg): 0.55