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Discovering Eve : Ancient Israelite Women in Context - Carol Meyers

Discovering Eve

Ancient Israelite Women in Context

Paperback

Published: 10th January 1991
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The biblical image of Eve has powerfully influenced ideas about women for the past two millennia. Yet, as Carol Meyers argues in Discovering Eve, the image of the first of women as subservient and dependent does not represent some irreducible historical truth. Rather, it represents the androcentric constructions of a group of urban elite males (including, most notably, the Apostle Paul and Rabbi Yohannan) who had a decisive effect on the founding of Judaeo-Christian traditions. Meyers produces convincing evidence, archaeological, scriptural, and sociological, that ancient Israelite woman fulfilled a role very different from that of the biblical Eve. The real Eve, she demonstrates, was a figure of some social substance, a strong and important figure in the social and familial milieux.

"Page-turning excitement."--The Catholic Bible Quarterly "Only archaeology, with its emphasis on the unedited material, not the textual remains of the cult, can give back to Israelite women their lost history. Meyers grasps this point intuitively; and her attempt to reconstruct the overall domestic roles of women in ancient Israel is laudable, particularly as it uses the model of the 'domestic mode of production.'"--Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research "Super!"--Barry M. Gittlen, Baltimore Hebrew Univ. "A highly readable study of women and gender roles in the 'highland' period of pre-monarchical Israel. Extraordinarily well informed by a wide range of disciplines."--Lauree Hersch Meyer, Bethany Theological Seminary "Truly an interdisciplinary study that will reward scholars and students....The interpretations of the evidence are judicious."--Religious Studies Review "A unique endeavor, and her interdisciplinary approach deserves close attention, as it could virtually be a paradigm of a new approach."--Journal of the American Academy of Religion "Well written and should be highly recommended to the non-specialist and specialist alike....Its strength lies in its attempt to understand women's lives in context through the interrelationship of archaeological data, biblical texts, and social scientific models."--Critical Review "A most welcome contribution to the growing body of literature on women in Israelite society. Meyers helps us to imagine more faithfully the REAL woemn of the Bible, their life situations, daily activities, contributions to society. Excellent!"--Barbara E. Bowe, Catholic Theological Union "An excellent and carefully written book that illuminates the social history of women in tribal Israelite society. Excellent for an introductory course in Hebrew scriptures."--Stephenson Humphries-Brooks, Hamilton College "This book makes a significant contribution to the field. Nothing of its kind is presently available. The clarity of style and avoidance of technical jargon should render it accessible to the general reader. The book will certainly be an important resource for women's studies courses, courses on women in the Bible, and general Old Testament survey courses."--J. Cheryl Exum, Boston College "This book makes a significant contribution to the field. Nothing of its kind is presently available."--J. Cheryl Exum, Boston College "The author has made a special effort to avoid technical jargon; thus, this book should be accessible to the general reader. Though it will be of specific interest to those concerned with biblical history, archaeology, anthropology and women's studies, this book will also hold special appeal to all those yearning for clarification on what the Bible has to say about women, men, and their relationship to one another."--American Jewish Times Outlook "Meyers seeks to combine social scientific analysis and feminism for an understanding of the biblical world. Hers is a truly new area of study."--Phyllis Trible, Union Theological Seminary "A remarkable achievement within the burgeoning field of feminist studies and religion....A penetrating analysis that is at the same time informative and eminently readable."--Douglas A. Knight, Theological Education "This book is exhilarating and stimulating: exhilarating as the mist clears from the shadowy figure of ancient Israelite woman, stimulating in its relevance to pressing if not painful issues today."--Theology "A fascinating book from the point of view of content and methodology alike....[Meyers] combines insights and information culled from a wide range of academic disciplines: textual criticism, linguistic and literary studies, sociology and anthropology, as well as her primary fields of expertise--archeology and history."--Jerusalem Post "Meyers's excellent study should be on the bookshelves of all concerned with the role of women in ancient Israelite society. It is rich, insightful, and carefully argued in bringing to light the role of "Eve" which is invisible in the pages of the Hebrew Bible."--The Catholic Biblical Quarterly

Prefacep. vii
Note on Translations, Transcriptions, and Documentationp. xi
Eve as the Symbol of Women: Understanding the Taskp. 3
The Problem of Patriarchyp. 24
Setting the Scene: The Highland Environment of Ancient Israelp. 47
The Genesis Paradigms for Female Roles, Part I: Genesis 2-3p. 72
The Genesis Paradigms for Female Roles, Part Ii: Genesis 3: 16p. 95
Household Functions and Female Rolesp. 139
Reconstructing Gender Relationshipsp. 165
Epilogue: the Monarchy and Beyondp. 189
Notesp. 197
Bibliographyp. 211
Index of Scriptural Referencesp. 229
General Indexp. 233
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195065817
ISBN-10: 0195065816
Series: Oxford Paperbacks
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 256
Published: 10th January 1991
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.54 x 13.97  x 1.58
Weight (kg): 0.23