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Digital Television Fundamentals : McGraw-Hill Video/Audio Engineering (Hardcover) - Michael Robin

Digital Television Fundamentals

McGraw-Hill Video/Audio Engineering (Hardcover)

Hardcover Published: 1st June 2000
ISBN: 9780071355810
Number Of Pages: 730

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Plain-talking intro to television's newest technology. Digital Television Fundamentals, Second Edition, by Michael Robin and Michel Poulin, is the ideal guide for everyone who deals with digital video production or equipment design - or who just wants to know how this new phenomenon works. Fully detailed and heavily illustrated, this easy-reading reference covers it all--from video and audio fundamentals...to bit-serial distribution and ancillary data multiplexing...to digital signal compression and distribution methods of coding and decoding. In this edition you'll find: multimedia television treatment covering technologies, hardware, systems, workstations, A/V signal processing, disk storage, servers, cameras, VCRs, CD-ROM, DVI--plus interconnections, multimedia software, systems, and applications and standardization activities; late-breaking information on the DTV standard and how it affects broadcasting equipment and operations; a focus on the importance of relevant SMPTE and CCIR-ITU standards; details on digital/analog equipment compatibility issues; much more

Prefacep. xiii
Basics of Televisionp. 1
Historical Backgroundp. 1
The Eye-Brain Mechanismp. 2
The Characteristics of Visible Lightp. 2
The Light Perceptionp. 2
Visual Acuityp. 3
Persistence of Visionp. 4
Spectral Visibilityp. 6
The Scanning Standardsp. 6
The Scanning Processp. 7
Lines Per Framep. 7
Pictures Per Secondp. 9
The Conventional Scanning Standardsp. 9
The Resolution Conceptp. 9
Vertical Resolutionp. 10
Horizontal Resolutionp. 12
The Composite Video Signalp. 16
The Video Informationp. 16
The Synchronizing Informationp. 16
The Makeup of the Composite Video Signalp. 16
Interface Characteristicsp. 17
Blanking Intervals and Structurep. 20
The Spectrum of the Video Signalp. 25
Transmission Standards and Constraintsp. 28
Video Carrier Modulationp. 28
Audio Carrier Modulationp. 29
Channel Bandwidth and Structurep. 30
Transmission Constraintsp. 32
Analog Video Fundamentalsp. 37
Color Televisionp. 37
Colorimetryp. 38
Transfer Characteristicsp. 40
The Basic Ingredientsp. 41
The Color Bar Signalp. 43
Composite Videop. 50
Common Characteristicsp. 50
The NTSC Systemp. 52
The PAL Systemp. 62
The SECAM Systemp. 77
Performance-Indicative Parameters and Measurements Conceptsp. 86
The Distribution of Video Signalsp. 106
The Recording of Video Signalsp. 109
Component Videop. 112
The GBR Signalsp. 113
The Y, B-Y, R-Y Signalsp. 119
The Component Video Recordingp. 126
Digital Video Fundamentalsp. 131
General Considerationsp. 131
Historical Backgroundp. 131
The Typical Black Box Digital Devicep. 132
Sampling the Signalp. 133
Quantizing the Sampled Valuesp. 134
The Dynamic Range and the Headroom Conceptp. 136
The Quantizing Errorp. 137
The D/A Conversionp. 139
The Composite Digital Standardsp. 140
The 4f[subscript sc] NTSC Standardp. 142
The 4f[subscript sc] PAL Standardp. 151
Performance-Indicative Parameters and Test Conceptsp. 162
Bit-Parallel 4f[subscript sc] Digital Signal Distributionp. 168
The Component Digital Standardsp. 169
The Sampling Ratesp. 171
The Coded Signalsp. 174
The Sampling Frequenciesp. 174
The Quantizing Range and the Implicationsp. 179
The Sampling Structurep. 184
The Time-Division-Multiplexing of Datap. 185
Timing Reference Signalp. 190
Ancillary Datap. 198
Bit-Parallel 4:2:2 Digital Signal Distributionp. 200
Review of Other Component Digital Sampling Formatsp. 201
Performance-Indicative Parameters and Test Conceptsp. 206
Elements of Accousticsp. 213
The Sound Pressure Levelp. 213
Loudness and Loudness Levelp. 214
The Dynamic Range of the Earp. 216
The Spectral Resolution of the Earp. 216
Analog Audio Fundamentalsp. 217
Electrical Signal Levels and Units of Measurementp. 217
The dBmp. 217
The dBup. 218
The dBVp. 218
Typical Signal Levels and Impedancesp. 218
Microphone Signal Levels and Impedancesp. 218
Line Signal Levels and Impedancesp. 219
Signal Level Monitoringp. 222
The vu Meterp. 222
The PPMp. 222
Performance-Indicative Parameters and Measurement Conceptsp. 223
Linear Distortionsp. 223
Nonlinear Distortionsp. 224
Noisep. 226
The Dynamic Rangep. 228
The Overload Level and the Headroom Conceptp. 228
The Minimum Acceptable Signal Levelp. 229
Limits of Dynamic Range in a Studio Environmentp. 229
Operational Approachesp. 231
Transmission Constraintsp. 231
Performance Targetsp. 232
Digital Audio Fundamentalsp. 235
General Concepts of Digital Audiop. 235
Introductionp. 235
Digital Audio Conceptsp. 235
Principles of A/D Conversionp. 236
Ideal Samplingp. 236
Nyquist Principle and Aliasingp. 237
Actual Samplingp. 239
Quantizationp. 239
Codingp. 244
Ditherp. 244
Dynamic Rangep. 245
Standard Sampling Frequenciesp. 247
Preemphasisp. 247
Principles of D/A Conversionp. 248
The D/A Converterp. 248
Aperture Effectp. 248
Low-Pass Filterp. 249
Oversamplingp. 250
Noise Shapingp. 256
Practical Limitations of A/D and D/A Conversionsp. 256
Description of Biphase Mark Encoded Signalp. 259
Channel Bandwidthp. 259
NRZ and Biphase Encodingp. 259
General Structure of the AES/EBU Interface Protocolp. 261
The Format Structurep. 262
AES/EBU Data Signal Characteristicsp. 268
AES/EBU Signal Electrical Characteristicsp. 268
Digital Audio Interface Implementationp. 268
Digital Audio Input Interfacep. 268
AES/EBU Decoder and Demultiplexp. 269
Digital Audio Signal Distributionp. 270
110-ohm Twisted-Pair Cable Distributionp. 271
75-ohm Coaxial Cable Distributionp. 271
Wiring Practices and Interconnectionp. 271
Other Interfacing Protocol Formatsp. 272
MADI Formatp. 272
SDIF2 Formatp. 274
SPDIF Formatp. 275
Audio Synchronizationp. 275
Synchronization Between Digital Audio Signalsp. 275
Synchronization Between Digital Audio and Video Signalsp. 276
Digital Audio Recordingp. 282
Bit-Serial Signal Distribution and Ancillary Data Multiplexingp. 283
Shannon's Theoremp. 284
Channel Codingp. 286
The Eye Diagramp. 288
Bit-Serial Distribution Standardp. 291
Interface Characteristicsp. 291
4f[subscript sc] Bit-Serial Distributionp. 294
4:2:2 Bit-Serial Distributionp. 304
Performance Indicative Parameters and Measurements Conceptsp. 308
Measuring Transmitter-Related Parametersp. 309
Measuring Transmission-Related Parametersp. 317
Measuring Receiver-Related Parametersp. 321
Special Test Signalsp. 323
Digital Audio Multiplexingp. 330
Minimum Implementationp. 332
Full AES Implementationp. 332
The Audio Multiplexerp. 335
The Audio Demultiplexerp. 337
Digital Videotape Recordingp. 337
4f[subscript sc] Composite DVTRsp. 337
Component DVTRsp. 340
System Considerationsp. 342
Digital Signal Compression and Distributionp. 345
General Concepts of Video Bit-Rate Reduction (BRR)p. 345
Video Signal Redundancies and Entropyp. 346
HVS Characteristicsp. 347
Video Data Reduction Techniquesp. 351
Lossless Data Rate Reductionp. 351
Lossy Data Rate Reductionp. 353
DCT Coding Process and Implementationp. 354
DCT Coding Processp. 354
DCT Block Quantization Processp. 365
Zigzag Scanningp. 367
Run-Length and Level Codingp. 368
Variable-Length Codingp. 369
Buffer Memoryp. 371
DCT Decoderp. 372
Temporal Data Reduction Techniquesp. 376
Motion-Compensation Prediction Techniquep. 376
Complementary Processing Techniquesp. 383
Video Compression Standardsp. 384
Video Data Structure Hierarchyp. 385
JPEG and Motion-JPEG Schemesp. 388
MPEG-1 Video Schemep. 389
MPEG-2 Video Schemep. 393
Video BRR Performance and Applicationsp. 395
Video BRR Scheme Characteristicsp. 395
Data Rates and Compression Ratiosp. 396
Video BRR Scheme Performancep. 398
Video BRR Scheme Applicationsp. 399
General Concepts of Audio BRRp. 401
Need for Audio BRRp. 401
Human Perceptual System Characteristicsp. 401
Audio Data Reduction Techniquesp. 403
Lossless Data Reductionp. 404
Lossy Data Reductionp. 405
Audio Coding Process and Implementationp. 406
Audio Compression Standardsp. 410
MPEG-1 Audio Subsystemp. 410
MPEG-2 Audio Subsystemp. 414
Other Compression Schemesp. 416
Audio BRR Scheme Performancep. 419
Distribution of Compressed Signalsp. 420
Packetized Elementary Streamp. 420
Program Streamp. 422
Transport Streamp. 422
Computers and Televisionp. 427
Computer Architecturep. 428
Internal Computer Data Communication Busesp. 428
Main System Busesp. 428
Local Busesp. 432
Over-the-Top Busesp. 435
Switched Busesp. 437
Data Bus Routerp. 439
Display Monitors for Computersp. 440
The CRT Constructionp. 441
General Considerationsp. 441
Display Monitor Performance Characteristicsp. 444
Computer Monitor Formatsp. 446
Expansion Cardsp. 448
Video Controller Cardsp. 448
Video/Audio Interface Cardsp. 452
PCMCIA Expansion Cardsp. 453
Multimedia and Televisionp. 455
The Multimedia Conceptp. 455
Multimedia Technologiesp. 456
Multimedia Hardware and Systemsp. 458
PC Workstationsp. 459
Audio and Video Signal-Processing Systemsp. 459
Disk and Tape Storagep. 460
Serversp. 464
Camerasp. 466
Videocassette Records (VCRs)p. 466
CD-ROM and Magnetooptical Disksp. 467
Digital Video Interactive (DVI)p. 468
Multimedia Interconnectionsp. 468
Interfacesp. 469
Networksp. 477
Multimedia Softwarep. 482
Multimedia Systems and Applicationsp. 483
Video on Demand (VOD)p. 484
Near Video on Demand (NVOD)p. 485
PhotoCDp. 485
Compact Disk Interactive (CD-I)p. 485
Computer-Telephony Integration (CTI)p. 486
Multimedia Standardization Activitiesp. 486
Advanced Television (ATV) Conceptsp. 489
Why the Industry Is Moving to DTVp. 489
Standardization Efforts Toward a Single Standardp. 491
The ATV Emergencep. 494
The Digital Solutionp. 496
Interoperabilityp. 496
Flexibilityp. 498
Compressionp. 499
Progressive Versus Interlaced Scanningp. 500
Image Aspect Ratio and Pixel Aspect Ratiop. 500
Production Aperture and Clean Aperturep. 501
Audio System Considerationsp. 502
DTV Compatibility with Film Originating Programsp. 503
DTV Picture Formatsp. 505
The HDTV Formatsp. 506
The Standard Definition 720x483P Formatp. 545
Serial Transport Interfaces in the Studiop. 557
Generalp. 557
The 1.485-Gbps HDTV Bit-Serial Distribution Interfacep. 559
Data Multiplexingp. 569
HANC Multiplexingp. 569
VANC Multiplexingp. 579
The Grand Alliance Systemp. 579
System Overviewp. 581
Video System Characteristicsp. 582
Audio System Characteristicsp. 585
Ancillary Data Servicesp. 587
Program Multiplex and Transport System Characteristicsp. 588
RF/Transmission System Characteristicsp. 589
Receiver Characteristicsp. 590
The European Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) Systemp. 593
Transition to DTVp. 597
Interfaces, Networks, and Transmission Protocolsp. 597
Reference Architecturep. 598
Reference Architecture Componentsp. 599
Networksp. 600
Transmission Protocolsp. 602
Data Streaming and Data File Transfersp. 604
Streaming Transfersp. 604
File Transfersp. 605
Transmission Control Protocolsp. 605
Transport Technologies for Intrafacility Applicationsp. 605
Serial Data Transport Interfacep. 606
Fiber Channel Networkingp. 610
GigaEthernet Networkingp. 613
IEEE 1394 Networkingp. 616
Transport Technologies for Interfacility Applications and DTV Signal Deliveryp. 618
Synchronous Serial Interfacep. 623
Asynchronous Serial Interfacep. 625
SDTIp. 628
Transporting MPEG-2 Data Streams in DS-3-Based Networksp. 628
Transporting MPEG-2 Data Streams in ATM-Based Networksp. 631
Microwave Radio Linkp. 633
Satellitep. 635
DTV Standard Sonvertersp. 636
Picture Aspect Ratio Conversionp. 636
Picture Scanning Format Conversionp. 642
Frame Rate Conversionp. 644
Colorimetry Conversionp. 645
Color Space Conversionp. 645
Sampling Structure Conversionp. 649
Film-to-DTV Conversionp. 650
Composite and Component Analog-to-DTV Conversionsp. 650
Technical and Practical Considerations About DTV Systemsp. 651
Existing Infrastructure in Production Facilitiesp. 651
Mezzanine Compressionp. 652
Media Asset Managementp. 652
Latency Requirements in the Studiop. 653
Audio-Video Timing Considerationsp. 654
DTV Monitoringp. 656
MPEG Streams in Production Studio Applicationsp. 659
Practical Considerations in the Interconnection of DTV Systemsp. 664
Transition from NTSC to DTVp. 667
Transition in Video Production and Distributionp. 671
Transition in Audio Production and Distributionp. 676
List of Acronyms and Abbreviationsp. 687
Reference Standardsp. 695
Indexp. 705
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780071355810
ISBN-10: 0071355812
Series: McGraw-Hill Video/Audio Engineering (Hardcover)
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 730
Published: 1st June 2000
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education - Europe
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 26.3 x 18.7  x 4.6
Weight (kg): 1.43
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised