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Digital Satellite Communications Systems and Technologies : Military and Civil Applications - A. Nejat Ince

Digital Satellite Communications Systems and Technologies

Military and Civil Applications

By: A. Nejat Ince (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 30th September 1992
ISBN: 9780792392545
Number Of Pages: 604

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The book is based on the results of studies carried out by a working group which was set up by NATO in 1986 to consider the future potential of satellite communications in the post 2000 era and to identify areas for significant technological thrust. It contains a substantial amount of information, most of it original, on almost every aspect of satellite communications. Starting from certain postulated trends about future SATCOM, it assesses emerging technologies and develops potential SATCOM system architectures, including space, ground and control segments, with particular emphasis on military applications which involve the most advanced and demanding techniques and technologies ranging from materials to signal and speech processing.
The mean ideas treated in the book are:

  • techniques and technologies related to signal processing and switching, adaptive antennas, optical and EHF links for inter-satellite communications, AI, and robotics for SATCOM;
  • system architectural concepts utilizing GEO/inclined/Tundra orbits and clustered/tethered/proliferated LEO satellites;
  • national systems and developments;
  • threat (electronic warfare, physical, nuclear);
  • electronic counter-counter measures (ECCM);
  • propagational issues (including nuclear effects);
  • network and transmission issues (implementation);
  • satellite payloads, power generation in space, launch vehicles;
  • system management;
  • cost-performance models and analysis.
This book is an excellent reference source and is suitable as a text for advanced courses on the subject of satellite communications.

Contributing Authors
Introductionp. 1
Objective and approachp. 1
Content of the bookp. 5
Current NATO Communications Planning (SATCOM and the NATO C3 Architecture)p. 9
Planned evolution of the NICSp. 9
Implications of the C3 architecture for NATO SATCOMp. 11
Planned evolution of the NATO SATCOM systemp. 13
Future requirementsp. 17
Appendix 2A: Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)p. 24
Appendix 2B: Network aspectp. 28
Appendix 2C: Post - CFE NATO CIS architecturep. 30
Comparison of NATO and Other Systemsp. 31
Objectivep. 31
Services and system characteristicsp. 32
Environmental factorsp. 37
Issues and Future Trends in Satellite Communicationsp. 41
Objectivep. 41
Issuesp. 41
Responsesp. 43
Areas to be consideredp. 51
Threat to Satellite Communicationsp. 55
The threat to NATO SATCOM post-2000p. 55
Uplink jammingp. 56
Downlink jammingp. 57
Interceptionp. 57
Nuclear threatp. 58
Physical attackp. 62
Piracy (unauthorized access)p. 66
Threat Implications and Counter-Measuresp. 69
ECCM techniquesp. 69
Information codingp. 92
Speech codingp. 94
Satellite hardeningp. 100
Appendix 6A: A suggested approach for estimating and comparing the anti-jam capabilities of SATCOM linksp. 114
Appendix 6B: FEC coding for SATCOMp. 127
Environmentp. 143
Propagation factorsp. 143
Precipitation effectsp. 146
Frequency bandsp. 147
Interference and noisep. 149
Countering propagation effectsp. 154
Technology Reviewp. 175
Device technologies for signal processingp. 175
Digital and SAW techniques for on-board processingp. 191
Appendix 8.2A: Saw-based Chirp Fourier transformp. 204
Spacecraft phased-array and MBA antennasp. 226
Appendix 8.3A: Phased array architecturep. 233
Solid-state spaceborne power amplifiersp. 241
Laser communications for intersatellite linksp. 252
Appendix 8.5A: Coherent optical intersatellite crosslink systemsp. 268
Laser communications to submerged submarinesp. 283
Advanced materials for spacecraftp. 291
Superconductivityp. 300
Artificial intelligence and neural networksp. 307
Robotics and controlp. 315
Power generation in space (*)p. 321
Spacecraft propulsion systemsp. 336
Space transportationp. 339
Appendix 8.13Ap. 342
Appendix 8.13B: Air-launched space booster (Pegasus)p. 344
Earth station technologyp. 348
Principles for selecting sponsored R and D projectsp. 353
National SATCOM Systems and Developmentsp. 355
UK systemsp. 355
Systems and developments in the USAp. 360
Canadian systemsp. 376
French systems and developmentsp. 380
Systems of The Federal Republic of Germanyp. 390
ESA systemsp. 392
Russian systemsp. 400
Appendix 9A: The first "switchboard in the sky": an autonomous satellite-based Access/resource controllerp. 402
Appendix 9B: LOOPUSp. 420
Appendix 9C: A review of ESA telecommunication program planningp. 431
Possible SATCOM System Architecturesp. 477
Desired characteristicsp. 477
Inclined elliptical orbits (Molniya, Tundra, and Loopus types)p. 480
Satellite cluster systems (CloudSat and MEWS)p. 488
Tethered satellite systemsp. 497
LightSat and proliferated LEO systemsp. 498
Summary evaluationp. 500
Candidate architecturesp. 504
Appendix 10A: Candidate orbits for a post-2000 NATO SATCOM systemp. 517
Appendix 10B: Some implications of orbits suggested in Appendix 10Ap. 544
Cost-Performance Analysisp. 551
System featuresp. 551
Cost-performance comparison of candidate architecturesp. 552
Approaches to cost reductionp. 566
Appendix 11A: Cost models for architecture comparisonp. 591
Concluding Remarksp. 595
Indexp. 599
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792392545
ISBN-10: 079239254X
Series: The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 604
Published: 30th September 1992
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 3.33
Weight (kg): 2.32