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Digital Radio Systems on a Chip : A Systems Approach - Charles Chien

Digital Radio Systems on a Chip

A Systems Approach

Hardcover

Published: 30th November 2000
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This text focuses on a specific engineering problem that is and will continue to be important in the forthcoming information age: namely, the need for highly integrated radio systems that can be embedded in wireless devices for various applications, including portable mobile multimedia wireless communications, wireless appliances, digital cellular, and digital cordless. Traditionally, the design of radio ICs involves a team of engineers trained in a wide range of fields that include networking, communication systems, radio propagation, digital/analogue circuits, RF circuits, and process technology. However, as radio ICs become more integrated, the need for a diverse skill set and knowledge becomes essential for professionals as well as students, to broaden beyond their trained area of expertise and to become proficient in related areas. The key to designing an optimized, economical solution for radio systems on a chip hinges on the designer's thorough understanding of the complex trade-offs from communication systems down to circuits. The purpose of this book is to provide a focused, top-down treatment of radio system IC design with an emphasis on digital radio systems that will play a dominant role in wireless communications in the 21st century. The intended readers of this book include both engineers as well as students whose main area of interest or line of work lies in the design and integrated circuits implementation of wireless communication ICs, with an emphasis on the integration of an entire radio system on a chip.

Prefacep. xiii
Introductionp. 17
A Brief History of Wirelessp. 18
The Challengesp. 20
Organization of the Textp. 22
Digital Communication Systemsp. 25
Digital System Basicsp. 26
Signal Representationp. 27
Bandwidth Efficiencyp. 32
Error Ratep. 38
E[subscript b]/N[subscript 0]p. 40
Channel Capacityp. 41
Energy Efficiencyp. 42
Coding Gain and Code Ratep. 46
Diversity Gainp. 46
Sources of Degradation in Mobile Radio Linkp. 49
Noisep. 49
Interferencep. 52
Free-Space Path Lossp. 55
Large-scale Multipath Fadingp. 56
Small-Scale Multipath Fadingp. 60
Selectivity of Fadingp. 62
Performance Analysisp. 73
Maximum Likelihood Detectionp. 73
Geometric Interpretationp. 75
Symbol Error Ratep. 77
Bit Error Ratep. 78
Effects of Amplitude Fading and Interferencep. 79
Digital Modulationsp. 80
Phase Shift Keyingp. 80
Continuous Phase Modulationp. 87
Quadrature Amplitude Modulationp. 97
Frequency Shift Keyingp. 99
Comparisonsp. 100
Synchronizationp. 104
Effects of Imperfect Synchronization on Error Ratep. 105
Phase Recoveryp. 107
Frequency Acquisitionp. 115
Preamble Frequency Estimationp. 116
Timing Recoveryp. 118
Forward Error Correctionp. 121
Finite Fieldsp. 121
Block codesp. 124
Convolutional Codesp. 130
Other Codesp. 138
Diversity Techniquesp. 139
Basic Diversity Combiningp. 139
Path Diversityp. 142
Frequency Diversityp. 149
Time Diversityp. 150
Spatial Diversityp. 153
Others Types of Diversityp. 156
Channel Estimation and Trackingp. 158
Spread-Spectrum Communicationsp. 165
Spread-Spectrum Encodingp. 166
Direct Sequencep. 169
Waveform generationp. 169
Processing Gainp. 171
Interference Rejectionp. 172
Rake Receiverp. 175
Frequency Hopp. 177
Waveform Generationp. 177
Processing Gainp. 178
Interference Rejectionp. 179
Diversityp. 180
Performance Comparisonp. 181
Code Acquisitionp. 183
Parallel Vs. Serialp. 183
Non-coherent Vs. Coherentp. 188
Application to FH systemp. 190
PN-Code Trackingp. 191
Early-Late Gate Correlatorp. 191
Non-Coherent Vs. Coherentp. 193
RF System Designp. 195
RF Transceiver Architecturep. 195
Noise Performancep. 197
Noise Figure of Cascaded Systemsp. 198
Antenna Noise Figurep. 199
Noise Temperaturep. 200
Sensitivityp. 201
Distortion Performancep. 202
Input-Referred 1-dB Compression Pointp. 204
Input-Referred Second-Order Intercept Pointp. 206
Input-Referred Third-Order Intercept Pointp. 207
Intercept-Point of Cascaded Systemsp. 208
Spurious-Free Dynamic Rangep. 210
Other Performance Measuresp. 211
Image Rejectionp. 211
Quality Factorp. 212
Phase noisep. 217
Radio System Designp. 223
Radio Systems Overviewp. 224
Multiple Accessp. 224
Duplexingp. 229
Cellular Systemp. 231
Frequency Reusep. 232
Capacity Enhancementp. 233
System Constraintsp. 234
Environmental Constraintsp. 234
Regulatory Constraintsp. 235
Service Constraintsp. 236
System Designp. 238
System Coveragep. 238
System Capacityp. 239
Link Designp. 249
Implementation Specificationp. 255
Radio Frequency Front-endp. 255
Digital-Analog Interfacep. 258
Digital Transceiverp. 259
Summaryp. 264
Digital Radio Architecturep. 267
RF Front-End Architecturep. 268
Homodyne Receiverp. 268
Super-Heterodyne Receiverp. 272
Direct-Conversion Transmitterp. 279
Dual-Conversion Transmitterp. 280
Analog-Digital Partitionp. 281
Digital Radio Transmittersp. 281
Digital Radio Receiversp. 288
Digital Transceiver Architecturep. 292
Digital IF Transceiverp. 293
Typical Radio Handset Architecturep. 296
RF Circuits Designp. 299
Transistor Modelsp. 301
Noisep. 304
Thermal Noisep. 304
Shot Noisep. 306
1/f Noisep. 306
Equivalent Input Noise Generatorsp. 307
Passive Elementsp. 309
Resistorp. 309
Capacitorp. 310
Inductorp. 311
Low Noise Amplifierp. 314
Noise Performancep. 314
S-Parametersp. 317
Linearityp. 317
Common-Source Configurationp. 319
Mixerp. 323
Mixer Performancep. 323
Active Mixerp. 324
Passive Double-Balanced Mixerp. 325
Sub-sampling Mixerp. 326
Synthesizerp. 327
Synthesizer Parametersp. 328
Fractional-N Synthesizerp. 330
Oscillatorsp. 331
Power Amplifierp. 338
Power-Amplifier Parametersp. 338
Class Ap. 339
Class Bp. 343
Class Fp. 344
Digital Transceiver Designp. 347
Design Considerationsp. 349
Performance Metricp. 350
Number Systemsp. 351
Arithmetic Functionsp. 354
Pipeliningp. 358
Serial Vs. Parallelp. 359
Programmable Vs. Dedicated Datapathp. 360
Low Power Designp. 360
Communication sub-blocksp. 363
Accumulate and Dumpp. 363
Constant Scalingp. 364
Loop Filterp. 365
Numerically Controlled Oscillatorp. 366
Direct Digital Frequency Synthesizerp. 368
Transmit and Receive (Matched) Filtersp. 370
Multirate Filtersp. 374
Modulator/Demodulatorp. 379
BPSKp. 379
QPSKp. 381
QAMp. 383
FSKp. 384
GMSKp. 386
Spread-Spectrum Modulationp. 389
Direct-Sequencep. 389
Frequency Hopp. 392
Synchronizationp. 393
Digital Phase-Locked Loopp. 394
Applications of DPLLp. 395
PN Acquisition Loopp. 396
Frequency Acquisitionp. 397
Path Diversityp. 398
Rake Receiverp. 398
MLSE (Viterbi Equalizer)p. 401
Feed-Forward Equalizerp. 403
Decision-Feedback Equalizerp. 405
Time Diversityp. 406
Interleaver/De-interleaverp. 406
Viterbi Encoderp. 407
Viterbi Decoderp. 408
Spatial Diversityp. 415
Selection Diversityp. 415
Digital Beamformingp. 416
Case Studiesp. 419
Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)p. 420
System Overviewp. 420
Link Designp. 435
Radio Specificationp. 439
RF Transceiverp. 453
Digital Transceiverp. 464
Other Examplesp. 483
Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunicationsp. 483
900-MHz ISM-Band Indoor PCSp. 485
Wideband CDMAp. 494
Single-Chip Radiop. 500
CMOS Single-Chip Spread-Spectrum Cordless Radiop. 501
Concluding Remarksp. 507
Referencesp. 511
Indexp. 529
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792372608
ISBN-10: 0792372603
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 518
Published: 30th November 2000
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 2.05