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Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline : Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline Report of the Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes and Its Panel on Folate, Other B V - Food and Nutrition Board

Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline

Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline Report of the Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes and Its Panel on Folate, Other B V

Paperback Published: 1st December 1998
ISBN: 9780309065542
Number Of Pages: 592

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This volume is the newest release in the authoritative series of quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes to be used for planning and assessing diets for healthy people. Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) is the new framework for an expanded approach developed by U.S. and Canadian scientists.

This book discusses in detail the role of B vitamins -- thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline -- in human physiology and health. For each nutrient the committee presents what is known about how it functions in the human body, which factors may affect how it works, and how the nutrient may be related to chronic disease.

Dietary Reference Intakes provides reference intakes, such as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), for use in planning nutritionally adequate diets for different groups based on age and gender, along with a new reference intake, the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), designed to assist an individual in knowing how much is "too much" of a nutrient.

Summaryp. 1
What Are Dietary Reference Intakes?p. 2
Comparison of Recommended Dietary Allowances and Adequate Intakesp. 6
Approach for Setting Dietary Reference Intakesp. 6
Criteria and Proposed Values for Tolerable Upper Intake Levelsp. 12
Using Dietary Reference Intakes to Assess the Nutrient Intake of Groupsp. 14
How to Meet Recommended Dietary Allowances or Adequate Intakesp. 14
Recommendationsp. 15
Introduction to Dietary Reference Intakesp. 17
What Are Dietary Reference Intakes?p. 17
Categories of Dietary Reference Intakesp. 18
Parameters for Dietary Reference Intakesp. 23
Summaryp. 26
Referencesp. 26
The B Vitamins and Choline: Overview and Methodsp. 27
Overviewp. 27
Methodological Considerationsp. 28
Estimates of Laboratory Valuesp. 34
Estimates of Nutrient Intakep. 35
Dietary Intakes in the United States and Canadap. 36
Summaryp. 38
Referencesp. 38
A Model for the Development of Tolerable Upper Intake Levelsp. 41
Backgroundp. 41
A Model for the Derivation of Tolerable Upper Intake Levelsp. 42
Risk Assessment and Food Safetyp. 42
Application of the Risk Assessment Model to Nutrientsp. 47
Steps in the Development of the Tolerable Upper Intake Levelp. 50
Referencesp. 56
Thiaminp. 58
Summaryp. 58
Background Informationp. 58
Selection of Indicators for Estimating the Requirement for Thiaminp. 60
Factors Affecting the Thiamin Requirementp. 62
Findings by Life Stage and Gender Groupp. 65
Intake of Thiaminp. 79
Tolerable Upper Intake Levelsp. 81
Research Recommendations for Thiaminp. 82
Referencesp. 83
Riboflavinp. 87
Summaryp. 87
Background Informationp. 87
Selection of Indicators for Estimating the Requirement for Riboflavinp. 90
Factors Affecting the Riboflavin Requirementp. 95
Approaches for Deriving the Estimated Average Requirementp. 97
Findings by Life Stage and Gender Groupp. 103
Intake of Riboflavinp. 113
Tolerable Upper Intake Levelsp. 115
Research Recommendations for Riboflavinp. 117
Referencesp. 117
Niacinp. 123
Summaryp. 123
Background Informationp. 123
Selection of Indicators for Estimating the Requirement for Niacinp. 126
Factors Affecting the Niacin Requirementp. 128
Findings by Life Stage and Gender Groupp. 130
Intake of Niacinp. 137
Tolerable Upper Intake Levelsp. 138
Research Recommendations for Niacinp. 145
Referencesp. 145
Vitamin B[subscript 6]p. 150
Summaryp. 150
Background Informationp. 150
Selection of Indicators for Estimating the Requirement for Vitamin B[subscript 6]p. 154
Factors Affecting the Vitamin B[subscript 6] Requirementp. 160
Findings by Life Stage and Gender Groupp. 164
Intake of Vitamin B[subscript 6]p. 179
Tolerable Upper Intake Levelsp. 182
Research Recommendations for Vitamin B[subscript 6]p. 188
Referencesp. 188
Folatep. 196
Summaryp. 196
Background Informationp. 197
Selection of Indicators for Estimating the Requirement for Folatep. 200
Methodological Issuesp. 205
Factors Affecting the Folate Requirementp. 207
Findings by Life Stage and Gender Groupp. 214
Reducing Risk of Developmental Disorders and Chronic Degenerative Diseasep. 240
Intake of Folatep. 269
Tolerable Upper Intake Levelsp. 273
Research Recommendations for Folatep. 283
Referencesp. 284
Vitamin B[subscript 12]p. 306
Summaryp. 306
Background Informationp. 307
Selection of Indicators for Estimating the Requirement for Vitamin B[subscript 12]p. 312
Methodological Issuesp. 315
Diagnosisp. 316
Factors Affecting the Vitamin B[subscript 12] Requirementp. 318
Findings by Life Stage and Gender Groupp. 322
Intake of Vitamin B[subscript 12]p. 342
Tolerable Upper Intake Levelsp. 346
Research Recommendations for Vitamin B[subscript 12]p. 348
Referencesp. 348
Pantothenic Acidp. 357
Summaryp. 357
Background Informationp. 357
Selection of Indicators for Estimating the Requirement for Pantothenic Acidp. 359
Factors Affecting the Pantothenic Acid Requirementp. 361
Findings by Life Stage and Gender Groupp. 362
Intake of Pantothenic Acidp. 368
Tolerable Upper Intake Levelsp. 370
Research Recommendations for Pantothenic Acidp. 371
Referencesp. 371
Biotinp. 374
Summaryp. 374
Background Informationp. 374
Selection of Indicators for Estimating the Requirement for Biotinp. 378
Factors Affecting the Biotin Requirementp. 380
Findings by Life Stage and Gender Groupp. 380
Intake of Biotinp. 384
Tolerable Upper Intake Levelsp. 384
Research Recommendations for Biotinp. 385
Referencesp. 386
Cholinep. 390
Summaryp. 390
Background Informationp. 390
Selection of Indicators for Estimating the Requirement for Cholinep. 396
Factors Affecting the Choline Requirementp. 398
Findings by Life Stage and Gender Groupp. 400
Intake of Cholinep. 406
Tolerable Upper Intake Levelsp. 408
Research Recommendations for Cholinep. 413
Referencesp. 414
Uses of Dietary Reference Intakesp. 423
Overviewp. 423
Using Recommended Dietary Allowancesp. 424
Using Adequate Intakesp. 425
Using Tolerable Upper Intake Levelsp. 426
Using Estimated Average Requirementsp. 427
Other Uses of Dietary Reference Intakesp. 432
Specific Applicationsp. 432
Summaryp. 435
Referencesp. 436
A Research Agendap. 437
Approachp. 437
Important Features of Studies to Estimate Requirementsp. 438
Major Knowledge Gapsp. 439
The Research Agendap. 442
Appendixes
Origin and Framework of the Development of Dietary Reference Intakesp. 443
Acknowledgmentsp. 448
Systeme International d'Unitesp. 451
Search Strategiesp. 453
Methodological Problems Associated with Laboratory Values and Food Composition Data for B Vitaminsp. 456
Dietary Intake Data from the Boston Nutritional Status Survey, 1981-1984p. 460
Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1995p. 466
Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994p. 478
Daily Intakes of B Vitamins by Canadian Men and Women, 1990, 1993p. 502
Options for Dealing with Uncertainties in Developing Tolerable Upper Intake Levelsp. 507
Blood Concentrations of Folate and Vitamin B[subscript 12] from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994p. 512
Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductasep. 520
Evidence from Animal Studies on the Etiology of Neural Tube Defectsp. 523
Estimation of the Period Covered by Vitamin B[subscript 12] Storesp. 527
Biographical Sketchep. 531
Glossary and Abbreviationsp. 537
Indexp. 541
SUMMARY TABLE, Dietary Reference Intakes: Recommended Intakes for Individualsp. 566
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780309065542
ISBN-10: 0309065542
Series: Dietary Reference Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 592
Published: 1st December 1998
Publisher: National Academies Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 0.98

Earn 239 Qantas Points
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