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Diasporas and Ethnic Migrants : Germany, Israel and Russia in Comparative Perspective - Rainer Munz

Diasporas and Ethnic Migrants

Germany, Israel and Russia in Comparative Perspective

By: Rainer Munz (Editor), Rainer Ohliger (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 30th January 2003
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With the political changes between 1989 and 1992, ethnic unmixing and ethnic migration reached a new climax. State formation in the aftermath of the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Yugoslavia led to a new dynamic of interethnic relations between majority and minority populations. The break-up of these two multi-ethnic states created new minorities and made certain members of the previous titular nation (eg Russians, Serbs) into ethnic minorities. New states such as Croatia, Estonia and Macedonia were faced with the fact that large segments of their populations consisted of minorities. "Return migration" to Russia occurred when approximately 25 million (ethnic) Russians became minorities in the successor states of the former Soviet Union. In 20th-century Europe overall 40 to 60 million people were transferred, resettled or expelled as a consequence of "ethnic cleansing". This work examines the reasons for and the practice of ethnic migration and the challenges it produces.

Notes on Contributorsp. ix
List of Tables, Figures, Maps and Photographsp. xvi
Acknowledgementsp. xix
Introductionp. 1
Diasporas and Ethnic Migrants in Twentieth-Century Europe: A Comparative Perspectivep. 3
Theoretical and Comparative Perspectivesp. 19
From Diasporas to Migrants, from Migrants to Disaporasp. 21
Minority Existence in Twentieth-Century Central and Eastern Europe: Between Self and Other?p. 37
The American Model of Diasporic Discoursep. 56
Making and Unmaking Diasporas: Ethnic Unmixing and Forced Migrations in Twentieth-Century Europep. 75
The Spell of the Homogeneous Nation-State: Structural Factors and Agents of Ethnic Cleansingp. 77
Ethnic Cleansing as an Invention of the Twentieth Century: An Account of Expulsions in Europep. 98
Ethnic Migrations of the 1990s from and to the Successor States of the Former Soviet Union: 'Repatriation' or Privileged Migration?p. 112
Russia and the Post-Soviet Successor States: New Diasporas and Ethnic Migrantsp. 129
The End of an Empire: Migration and the Changing Nationality Composition of the Soviet Successor Statesp. 131
The Dissolution of the Soviet Union and Post-Soviet Ethnic Migration: The Return of Diasporas?p. 155
Returning Home? Approaches to Repatriation and Migrant Resettlement in Post-Soviet Russiap. 173
Social Citizenship and Non-Migration: The Immobility of the Russian Diaspora in the Balticsp. 188
Today's Politics and Yesterday's Embitterments: Ethnic Restructuring and its Aftermath in the Baltic Statesp. 206
The Russian-Speaking Identity under the Latvian Language Policyp. 221
Russians Abroad: Citizenship and Political Community in Estonia and Kazakhstanp. 238
Germany: Ethnic Migration and Diaspora Existence in Transitionp. 259
Ethnic Germans in Central and Eastern Europe and their Return to Germanyp. 261
Young Ethnic German Immigrants from the Former Soviet Union: German Language Proficiency and its Impact on Integrationp. 272
The Politicization of Ethnic German Immigrants: The Transformation of State Prioritiesp. 289
Who Organizes? The Political Opportunity Structure of Co-Ethnic Migrant Mobilizationp. 305
Israel: Old Diasporas and New Immigrantsp. 325
Immigration and Ethnicity in Israel: Returning Diaspora and Nation-Buildingp. 327
Integration and Social Dynamic of Ethnic Migration: The Jews from the Former Soviet Union in Israelp. 338
The Russian Language as a Base Factor: The Formation of the Russian Community in Israelp. 355
A Case Study in Transnationalism: Russian Jewish Immigrants in Israel of the 1990sp. 370
The End of 'Normality': The Diasporization of Israel?p. 385
Referencesp. 401
Indexp. 444
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780714652320
ISBN-10: 0714652326
Series: Routledge Studies in Nationalism and Ethnicity
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 472
Published: 30th January 2003
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.83 x 16.51  x 4.14
Weight (kg): 0.89
Edition Number: 1