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Development Beyond Neoliberalism? : Governance, Poverty Reduction and Political Economy - David Alan Craig

Development Beyond Neoliberalism?

Governance, Poverty Reduction and Political Economy

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Published: 27th February 2006
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Development's current focus - poverty reduction and good governance - signals a turn away from the older neoliberal preoccupation with structural adjustment, privatization and downsizing the state. For some, the new emphases on empowering and securing the poor through basic service delivery, local partnership, decentralization and institution building constitute a decisive break with the past and a whole set of new development possibilities beyond neoliberalism.

Taking a wider historical perspective, this book charts the emergence of poverty reduction and governance at the centre of development. It shows that the Poverty Reduction paradigm does indeed mark a shift in the wider liberal project that has underpinned development: precisely what is new, and what this means for how the poor are governed, are described here in detail.

This book provides a compelling history of development doctrine and practice, and in particular offers the first comprehensive account of the last twenty years, and development's shift towards a new political economy of institution building, decentralized governance and local partnerships. The story is illustrated with extensive case studies from first hand experience in Vietnam, Uganda, Pakistan and New Zealand.

"For over a decade the consensus about how to do Development has focused on market liberalization, overarching juridical and public sector reform, and local participation in service delivery. Development Beyond Neoliberalism? mounts a frontal challenge to this consensus, using an unusual mix of empirical arguments. Recommended for the prejudiced and unprejudiced alike." Robert Hunter Wade, Professor of Political Economy, Development Studies Institute, London School of Economics "This book vividly exposes the poverty of neoliberal development agenda at all its levels - economic, political, and social - through a powerful and sophisticated mixture of history, theory, and detailed empirical studies. It is a major achievement." Ha-Joon Chang. Assistant Director of Development Studies. Faculty of Economics, Cambridge University. 'This well-written book would be a useful stand-alone text for advanced undergraduates or a companion volume for graduate students. Students interested in development from disciplines such as geography, anthropology, sociology or international studies would fi nd this volume useful. ' Rob Krueger, Urban Studies Journal

List of illustrationsp. ix
Acknowledgementsp. x
Governing poverty: development beyond neoliberalism?p. 1
Development Reinvents Itselfp. 1
Governance and the poorp. 7
This Book's Focus: (Neo-)liberalism, Poverty Reduction and Governancep. 10
Liberal Development and governance from free trading to 'neoliberal institutionalism'p. 10
Cases from Vietnam, Uganda, Pakistan and New Zealandp. 15
This Book's Analysis: Political Economy, Polanyi, Liberal and Territorial Governancep. 21
Conclusions: Explaining Our Critical Stancep. 26
Liberal Development and governance from free trading to 'neoliberal institutionalism'
Historical hybrids of Liberal and other Development, c.1600-1990: markets, territory and security in Development retrospectp. 31
Liberalism and (British) Imperial Development in the Colonial Retrospectoscopep. 32
'A rough idea of the provinces'p. 37
The Quest for Freedom and Securityp. 42
Bretton Woods, debtor adjustment and the Liberal establishmentp. 44
The Truman doctrinep. 46
Rostow's retrospectoscopep. 49
Crisis and the legitimating turnp. 52
Financial Crisis and the Rise of Neoliberalismp. 54
Neoliberal institutionalismp. 59
The rise of governance since 1990: the capable state, poverty reduction and 'inclusive' neoliberalismp. 63
Governing the New World (Liberal) Order, and its Peripheral Disordersp. 64
Crisis and re-embeddingp. 64
Global Governance summitryp. 67
Disciplining the culpritp. 68
Finessing the MDB chartersp. 69
Good Governancep. 72
Asian Currency Crisis and the Rise of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paperp. 75
Into the crucible againp. 75
Ownership, Participatory Poverty Assessment and fixing the poor in placesp. 77
The Poverty Reduction Strategy Initiativep. 81
PRSP's Development beyond neoliberalism?p. 85
Assessing PRSPp. 87
Third Way 'Inclusive' Neoliberalismp. 89
Opportunity, plus responsibility equals communityp. 91
Local institutions for poverty reduction? 1997-2005: re-imagining a joined-up, decentralized governancep. 95
From 1997 Wdr to the Decentred But Capable Statep. 97
A striking degree of unanimityp. 98
The transparent skeleton of the invisible handp. 101
Decentring the Statep. 103
The Governance Techniques of 'Inclusive' Neoliberalisms' Global and Local Reterritorializationp. 105
Decentralization resurgentp. 106
National-local governmental techniques for joined-up governancep. 108
Securing the new orderp. 113
Governing the Poorp. 116
The Accountability Trianglep. 117
Conclusionsp. 118
Cases from Vietnam, Uganda, Pakistan and New Zealandp. 123
Vietnam: framing the community, clasping the peoplep. 125
Introductionp. 125
Liberalization and the socialist statep. 127
PRAs and LDFs in the wider story of this bookp. 130
Pra, Binding Binh Lam Commune to New Yorkp. 132
Sensitivity, checking-in, the correct wayp. 133
Clasping community, framing the projectp. 135
Databases, Filtering and Sensitivityp. 144
Creating a 'window of opportunity' for policy experimentationp. 145
The local planning processp. 151
Conclusionsp. 154
Uganda: telescoping of reforms, local-global accommodationp. 155
Introductionp. 156
From the Politics of Revolutionary Command to the Technicalities of Good Governancep. 159
Reaching a global-local accommodationp. 159
Decentralization, a contemporary necessityp. 161
From the District Development Project to the Local Government Development Programp. 162
Embedding the DDPp. 165
The Fund beginsp. 168
Evaluating the flagshipp. 170
The Fall and Rise Again of DDPp. 171
Time for the programme to figure on wider stagesp. 171
HIPC, PAF and the Uganda PRSPp. 172
What to do? Overreach furtherp. 178
DDP to LGDP, with SWAps, the MTEF and PRSPp. 180
Conclusionsp. 182
Pakistan: a fortress of edictsp. 185
A hope, pinned on a hopep. 185
Introductionp. 188
Where Power Goes, the Law Followsp. 189
The construction of Territorial, executive powerp. 190
Territorial powerp. 194
Devolved Governance Meets Entrenched Patrimonial, Territorial Powerp. 197
A most favoured pariah statep. 197
Pakistan's devolution projectp. 199
Give us the facts: but don't open Pandora's Boxp. 201
The three-cornered accountability frameworkp. 202
What did the Study find?p. 204
Marketized Service Delivery vs. Territorial Social Regulationp. 209
Stronger incentives to deal with Territorial powerp. 210
Separations, power and social regulationp. 213
Conclusionsp. 214
New Zealand: joining up governance after New Institutionalismp. 217
Poverty and Governance in New Zealandp. 220
The governmental revolutionp. 222
The unravelling and reactionp. 226
Reform and Reaction on the Groundp. 230
Local resistance to NIE fragmentationp. 233
The Waitakere way and the 'muffin economy'p. 236
The Third Way Inclusive Liberal Turnp. 240
Managing for outcomesp. 244
Conclusionsp. 245
Conclusions: accountability and Development beyond neoliberalism?p. 249
Looking back, looking forwardp. 250
Where to Now: Development Beyond Neoliberalism?p. 253
Stronger strategic states making territorial (or market) tradeoffsp. 254
Peripheralizationp. 255
Vexed Accountabilities, and What to Do About Themp. 258
Beyond narrow neoliberal political economies of opportunityp. 259
Empowermentp. 262
(Social) security with scarce resourcesp. 265
Smart re-politicizing?p. 269
Conclusionsp. 273
List of abbreviationsp. 275
Notesp. 277
Bibliographyp. 297
Indexp. 327
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415319607
ISBN-10: 0415319609
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 340
Published: 27th February 2006
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.47 x 15.85  x 1.93
Weight (kg): 0.53
Edition Number: 1