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Design of Optical WDM Networks : LAN, MAN and WAN Architectures - Byrav Ramamurthy

Design of Optical WDM Networks

LAN, MAN and WAN Architectures

Hardcover Published: 31st January 2001
ISBN: 9780792372813
Number Of Pages: 166

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Wavelength Division Multiplexed (WDM) optical networks are emerging as promising candidates for the infrastructure of the next-generation Internet. Such networks are envisaged for spanning local, metropolitan and wide geographical areas. WDM optical networks go beyond technologies such as Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) and Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) in realizing the full potential of the optical medium. From passive star coupler-based broadcast optical networks to switch-based optical wavelength-routed networks, the text covers a wide range of available technologies and designs for proposed network architectures. The author investigates the impact of physical-layer issues on the design of such WDM-based optical networks. In particular, this work presents a sampling of problems such as amplifier placement and optimization, sharing and minimization of wavelength converter usage, and bit-error rate (BER)-based all-admission in WDM optical networks and proposes novel solutions. Efficient algorithms are described which significantly improve the cost-effectiveness of WDM networks. Design of Optical WDM Networks: This work is targeted towards practitioners and researchers in the field of optical networks and WDM as well as students interested in the future of networking and telecommunications. "The field of optical WDM networks has experienced widespread attention and growth in recent years. This book, I believe, will be a welcome addition to the literature focusing on this exciting technology!" (From the Foreword by Professor Biswanath Mukherjee University of California).

`The field of optical WDM networks has experienced widespread attention and growth in recent years. This book, I believe, will be a welcome addition to the literature focusing on this exciting technology!' From the Foreword by Professor Biswanath Mukherjee, University of California

List of Figuresp. xiii
List of Tablesp. xvii
Prefacep. xix
Acknowledgmentsp. xxiii
Forewordp. xxv
Introductionp. 1
Optical Networks and WDMp. 1
Focus of This Bookp. 3
Optimizing Amplifier Placementsp. 4
Wavelength Conversionp. 6
Impact of Transmission Impairmentsp. 7
Book Outlinep. 8
Optical Network Devicesp. 9
Introductionp. 9
Optical Fiberp. 11
Attenuation in Fiberp. 12
Limitations due to fiber nonlinearitiesp. 12
Couplersp. 13
Optical Amplifiersp. 15
Optical Amplifier Characteristicsp. 16
Semiconductor-Laser Amplifierp. 16
Doped-Fiber Amplifierp. 17
Switching Elementsp. 19
Fiber Crossconnect Elementsp. 20
Non-Reconfigurable Wavelength Routerp. 21
Reconfigurable Wavelength-Routing Switchp. 22
Optical Packet Switchesp. 23
Physical Layer Issues and Limitationsp. 24
Power Considerationsp. 24
Crosstalkp. 25
Additional Considerationsp. 26
Elements of Local Area WDM Network Designp. 26
WDM Wide Area Network Design Issuesp. 29
Conclusionp. 31
LAN/MAN Architectures
Optimizing Amplifier Placements: the Equally-powered Wavelengths Casep. 35
Introductionp. 35
Problem Definitionp. 38
Amplifier Gain Modelp. 38
Solution Approachp. 41
Notationp. 41
Module I: Test the Feasibility of the Networkp. 43
Module II: Generate the Constraintsp. 44
Module III: Solve Mixed-Integer Linear Programp. 47
Module IV: Place the Amplifiersp. 48
Lower-Bound Analysisp. 49
Numerical Examplesp. 51
An Illustrative Example: Sample Network 1p. 51
Results and Discussionp. 54
Summaryp. 55
Optimizing Amplifier Placements: the Unequally-powered Wavelengths Casep. 61
Introductionp. 61
Solution Approachp. 64
Formulationp. 64
Solver Strategiesp. 69
Amplifier-Placement Modulep. 72
Numerical Examplesp. 73
Summaryp. 80
WAN Architectures
Wavelength Conversionp. 85
Introductionp. 85
Enabling Technologiesp. 89
Wavelength-Converter Designp. 89
Wavelength-Convertible Switch Designp. 94
Network Design, Control, and Management Issuesp. 95
Network Designp. 95
Network Controlp. 98
Network Managementp. 100
Benefit Analysisp. 100
Analytical Modelsp. 101
Related Work on Gain Characterizationp. 109
Summaryp. 111
Impact of Transmission Impairmentsp. 113
Introductionp. 113
Network Simulation Modelp. 116
Network Architecturep. 116
Event-Driven Simulation Modulep. 119
On-Line BER Evaluation Modulep. 120
BER Modelp. 121
SIMON: A Simulator for Optical Networksp. 123
Illustrative Numerical Examples and Discussionp. 124
Summaryp. 129
Conclusionsp. 131
Summaryp. 131
Future Research Directionsp. 132
Appendicesp. 134
Switch Modelp. 135
EDFA Modelp. 145
Referencesp. 149
Indexp. 163
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792372813
ISBN-10: 0792372816
Series: Kluwer International Series in Engineering & Computer Science
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 166
Published: 31st January 2001
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 22.66 x 17.78  x 1.75
Weight (kg): 0.45