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Design and Control of Structure of Advanced Carbon Materials for Enhanced Performance : NATO Science Series E: - Brian Rand

Design and Control of Structure of Advanced Carbon Materials for Enhanced Performance

NATO Science Series E:

By: Brian Rand (Editor), Stephen P. Appleyard (Editor), Yardin M. Ferhat (Editor)

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Published: 31st August 2001
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Carbon is unique in the range of structures and properties that are displayed by its material forms. The bonds in diamond, within the plane ofgraphite and in the fullerene molecules, C, are the strongest covalent bonds possible. This strong covalent bonding 60 leads to some exceptional intrinsic properties, examples ofwhich are: the greatest Young's modulus (in diamond, within the graphite plane and in single- walled nanotubes) the highest room temperature thermal conductivity (in diamond and within the graphite plane) high hole mobility in doped diamond exceptional thermal stability ofthe structure in graphite It is because of the extreme thermal stability that such a wide range of materials is available. Atomic mobilities are low at all but the highest temperatures. Sintering, melting and casting ofcarbon are not feasible processing operations and carbon/graphite components are exclusively produced from the pyrolytic decomposition of organic precursors. The vast majority of engineering carbons have Sp2 type bonding and are related in some way to the structure of graphite. In the c-direction the bonding in graphite is of van der Waals character with the result that graphite is highly anisotropic in its properties and is probably unique in showing both the highest and lowest bond strengths in different directions in the same crystal.

Dedication
List of Participants
Preface
Structure and Properties
Polymorphism in Carbons and Parent Material
Theory and Modelling of Carbon
Characterisation of Carbon Structure
Thermal and Electrical Properties of Carbons Relationship to Structure
Surface Properties of Carbons for Advanced Carbon-Based Composites
- Processing
Pitch Precursor-Origin and Chemical Constitution
The Thermal Processing and Rheological Behaviour of Pitch
Mesophase Precursors for Advanced Carbon Fibres; Pitches, Stabilization and Carbonization.
Carbon Fiber Processing and Structure/Property Relations
Carbon-Carbon Composites
Relating Processing to Structure and Properties
Preparation and Structure of Carbon Fibres and Carbon Nanotubes from the Vapour Phase
From Fibres to Nanotubes
Manufacture of Bulk Carbon and Graphite Materials
Properties, Applications and New Directions
Mechanical Properties of Carbon-Carbon Composites
High Strength, Sintered Carbons and Graphites
Anode Performance of the Li-ION Secondary Battery
Carbon Materials for Energy Production and Storage
Porous Carbons for Gas Storage and Separation
Characterisation and Performance
Carbon-Ceramic Alloys
`Carbon Alloys'
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402000034
ISBN-10: 1402000030
Series: NATO Science Series E:
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 347
Published: 31st August 2001
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.96
Weight (kg): 0.52