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Desert Arthropods : Life History Variations - Fred Punzo

Desert Arthropods

Life History Variations

Hardcover Published: 14th December 1999
ISBN: 9783540660415
Number Of Pages: 230

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It is difficult for me to recollect a time when I was not fascinated with the very notion of a desert. Walt Disney's film, The Living Desert, which I initially saw when I was 8 years of age, provided me with my first glimpse of this wondrous yet seemingly ho stile environment. The images were hypnotic and captivating. I looked on in amazement at the promenade Cl deux of the male and female scorpions during courtship. Their rhythmic and coordinated movements as they grasped one another made them appear to glide in unis on over the surface of the sand, each individual totally absorbed with its partner. In the next minute the fern ale had suddenly and utterly transformed herself like some Jekyll and Hyde act, into an aggressive predator whose prior gregarious embrace was now a hold of death for the male. The indomitable desert grasshopper mouse, the ever sentient kit fox, the graceful shovel-nosed snake swimming in an endless sea of sand.

From the reviews "... this book is a must for libraries of ecological and entomological institutions." (Journal of General and Applied Entomlogy, 2002, Vol. 25, Issue 4)

Life Histories and the Desert Environmentp. 1
General Overview of Life History Theoryp. 2
Arthropods in Desert Environmentsp. 4
General Features of Desertsp. 5
Overview of Adaptations of Desert Arthropodsp. 8
Embryonic Developmentp. 15
The Insectap. 17
The Insect Eggp. 17
Fertilization and Embryonic Developmentp. 19
Duration of Embryonic Developmentp. 24
The Arachnida: Scorpionesp. 26
The Scorpion Eggp. 26
Embryonic Development in Apoikogenic Scorpionsp. 27
Embryonic Development in Katolikogenic Scorpionsp. 29
Duration of Embryonic Developmentp. 30
The Arachnida: Araneaep. 31
The Spider Eggp. 31
Fertilization and Embryonic Development in Spidersp. 31
The Arachnida: Pseudoscorpionesp. 34
The Myriapodap. 37
The Centipedes (Chilopoda)p. 37
The Millipedes (Diplopoda)p. 40
Life History Consequences of Development: Egg Size and Duration of Developmentp. 43
Adaptive Significance of Egg Sizep. 43
Duration of Embryonic Developmentp. 45
Postembryonic Developmentp. 47
Representative Arthropod Groupsp. 48
The Myriapods (Class Myriapoda): Millipedes and Centipedesp. 48
Diplopoda (Millipedes)p. 48
Chilopoda (Centipedes)p. 50
The Chelicerata (Mites, Pseudoscorpions, Scorpions, Spiders and Solifugids)p. 54
Order Acari (Mites)p. 56
Order Pseudoscorpiones (Pseudoscorpions)p. 58
Order Scorpiones (Scorpions)p. 60
Order Araneae (Spiders)p. 61
Order Solifugae (Solifugids)p. 65
Class Insecta (Insects)p. 67
Topics for Future Considerationp. 73
Reproductionp. 75
Parthenogenesisp. 77
Polyembryony and Paedogenesisp. 82
Reproductive Valuep. 83
Life History Parameters Associated With Reproductionp. 85
Costs Associated With Reproductionp. 85
Age and Size at Maturityp. 87
Number and Size of Offspringp. 89
Life Histories: Individual Case Studiesp. 105
The Myriapodap. 108
Millipedes (Diplopoda)p. 108
Centipedes (Chilopoda)p. 110
The Isopodap. 113
The Arachnidap. 115
Spiders (Araneae)p. 115
Scorpions (Scorpiones)p. 128
Solifuges (Solifugae)p. 138
Mites (Acari)p. 146
The Insectsp. 149
Desert Grasshoppersp. 150
Desert Beetlesp. 154
Relationship Between Life History and Behavioral Ecologyp. 157
Learning and the Ontogeny of Behaviorp. 158
The Effects of Encounter Experience on the Hunting Behavior of Tarantula Hawk Wasps of the Genus Pepsis and the Ontogeny of Larval Feeding Behaviorp. 159
Association Learning in Desert Arthropodsp. 165
The Ontogeny of Aggressive Behavior in the Solifugaep. 167
The Ontogeny of Behavior in Web-Building Salticid Spiders and Other Desert Arthropodsp. 169
Behavior Associated With Reproductionp. 172
Nest-Guarding Behaviorp. 173
Territoriality, Intraspecific Aggression, and Sexual Cannibalismp. 174
Feeding: Prey Preparationp. 182
Referencesp. 185
Subject Indexp. 221
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540660415
ISBN-10: 3540660410
Series: Adaptations of Desert Organisms
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 230
Published: 14th December 1999
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.16