For the first time in over thirty years a revolution is happening in phonology, with the advent of constraint-based approaches which directly oppose the rule-and-derivation tradition of mainstream Generative Phonology. The success of Optimality Theory and the rapidity of its spread since its official launch in 1993 is remarkable even by the general standards of most post-1950s linguistics. Many phonologists appear to have been caught up in the whirlwind, as
witnessed in the substance of many current working papers and conferences the world over, and the recent contents of well-established journals. Two questions naturally arise: What is Optimality Theory about?
In what way is Optimality Theory superior to traditional theory, if indeed it is? In this book, leading specialists and active researchers address these issues directly, and focus deliberately on the evaluation of the two competing approaches rather than on simple displays of their applicability to limited bodies of data.
`It is possible to find among these eighteen papers enough combinations and permutations of both rules and constraints, and derivational and non-derivational systems to please the most theoretically promiscuous phonologist around ... There is a lot of interesting discussion and good linguistics in this book.'
Journal of Linguistics
`A "must-have" and "must-study in detail" for every phonologist, and any other linguist, who wants to keep abreast of the latest developments in this popular framework ... this is an extraordinarily rich volume in terms of data, analyses and ideas. It is therefore highly recommended for all who want to be informed about current issues in phonology in general, and in Optimality Theory specifically.'
PART I Preliminaries
1: Iggy Roca: Derivations or Constraints, or Derivations and Constraints?
2: Nicholas Sherrard: Questions of Priorities: An Introduction to Optimality Theory in Phonology
PART II Theoretical Investigations
3: Sylvain Bromberger and Morris Halle: The Contents of Phonological Status
4: Scott Myers: Expressing Phonetic Naturalness in Phonology
5: Douglas Pulleyblank: Gradient Retreat
PART III Empirical Studies
6: Diana Archangeli and Keiichiro Suzuki: The Yokuts Challenge
7: Juliette Blevins: Rules in Optimality Theory: Two Case Studies
8: Geert Booij: Non-derivational Phonology Meets Lexical Phonology
9: G. N. Clements: Berber Syllabification: Derivations or Constraints?
10: Morris Halle and William Idsardi: /r/ Hypercorrection and the Elsewhere Condition
11: Michael Hammond: Underlying Representations in Optimality Theory
12: William Idsardi: Phonological Derivations and Historical Changes in Hebrew Spirantization
13: Sharon Inkelas, Orhan Orgun, and Cheryl Zoll: Exceptions and Static Phonological Patterns
14: Junko Itô and Armin Mester: Correspondence and Compositionality: The Ga-gyo Variation in Japanese Phonology
15: René Kager: Rhythmic Vowel Deletion in Optimality Theory
16: Rolf Noyer: Attic Greek Accentuation and Intermediate Derivational Representation
17: Carole Paradis: Non-transparent Constraints and Intermediate Derivational Representations
18: Jerzy Rubach: Extrasyllabic Consonants in Polish: Derivational Optimality Theory