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Denationalizing Science : The Contexts of International Scientific Practice - E. Crawford

Denationalizing Science

The Contexts of International Scientific Practice

By: E. Crawford (Editor), T. Shinn (Editor), Sverker Sorlin (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 31st December 1992
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Present trends indicate that in the years to come transnational science, whether basic or applied and involving persons, equipment or funding, will grow considerably. The main purpose of this volume is to try to understand the reasons for this denationalization of science, its historical contexts and its social forms. The Introduction to the volume sets out the socio-political, intellectual, and economic contexts for the nationalization and denationalization of the sciences, processes that have extended over four centuries. The articles examine the specific conditions that have given rise to the growth of transnational science in the 20th century. Among these are: the need for cognitive and technical standardization of scientific knowledge-products, pressure toward cost-sharing of large installations such as CERN, the voluntary and involuntary migration of scientists, and the global market for R&D products that has emerged at the end of the century.
The volume raises many new questions for research by historians and sociologists of science and poses problems that are of concern both to scientists and science policy-makers.

Preface
The Nationalization and Denationalization of the Sciences: An Introductory Essayp. 1
National and International Aspects of Cross-boundary Science: Scientific Travel in the 18th Centuryp. 43
Antarctica: The Construction of a Continent by and for Sciencep. 73
International Phytogeographical Excursions, 1911-1923: Intellectual Convergence in Vegetation Sciencep. 107
Migration and the Denationalization of Sciencep. 133
From Multidisciplinary Collaboration to Transnational Objectivity: International Space as Constitutive of Molecular Biology, 1930-1970p. 153
National Political Cultures and the Exchange of Knowledge: The Case of Systems Ecologyp. 187
Internationalism in Soviet World-Science: The Hungarian Casep. 209
Some Socio-historical Aspects of Multinational Collaborations in High-Energy Physics at Cern Between 1975 and 1985p. 233
Redesigning 'Solomon's House': The University and the Internationalization of Science and Businessp. 263
Note on Contributorsp. 289
Indexp. 293
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792318552
ISBN-10: 0792318552
Series: Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 303
Published: 31st December 1992
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 1.37