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Democratic Commitments : Legislatures and International Cooperation - Lisa L. Martin

Democratic Commitments

Legislatures and International Cooperation

Paperback Published: 7th May 2000
ISBN: 9780691009247
Number Of Pages: 256

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From the refusal of the U.S. Congress to approve fast-track trade authority and certain foreign aid packages to the obstacles placed by Western European parliaments in the path of economic integration, legislatures often interfere with national leaders' efforts to reach and implement predictable international agreements. This seems to give an advantage to dictators, who can bluff with confidence and make decisions without consultation, and many assume that even democratic governments would do better to minimize political dissent and speak foreign policy from a single mouth. In this thoughtful, empirically grounded challenge to the assumption that messy domestic politics undermine democracies' ability to conduct international relations, Lisa Martin argues that legislatures--and particularly the apparently problematic openness of their proceedings--actually serve foreign policy well by giving credibility to the international commitments that are made.

Examining the American cases of economic sanctions, the use of executive agreements versus treaties, and food assistance, in addition to the establishment of the European Union, Martin concludes that--if institutionalized--even rancorous domestic conversations between executives and legislatures augment rather than impede states' international dealings. Such interactions strengthen and legitimize states' bargaining positions and international commitments, increasing their capacity to realize international cooperation. By expanding our comprehension of how domestic politics affect international dialogue, this work is a major advance in the field of international relations and critical reading for those who study or forge foreign policy.

Prefacep. vii
Introductionp. 3
Theoretical Framework: Legislatures, Executives, and Commitmentp. 21
Institutions and Influence: Executive Agreements and Treatiesp. 53
Economic Sanctions: Domestic Conflict of Interest and International Cooperationp. 81
U.S. Food-Aid Policy: The Politics of Delegation and Linkagep. 112
National Parliaments and European Integration: Institutional Choice in EU Member Statesp. 147
Implementing the EU's Internal Market: The Influence of National Parliamentsp. 164
Conclusionp. 190
Referencesp. 203
Indexp. 221
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691009247
ISBN-10: 0691009244
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 256
Published: 7th May 2000
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.37 x 15.52  x 1.55
Weight (kg): 0.34