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Democracy and Religion : Gladstone and the Liberal Party 1867-1875 - J. P. Parry

Democracy and Religion

Gladstone and the Liberal Party 1867-1875

Paperback Published: 1st May 1989
ISBN: 9780521367837
Number Of Pages: 520

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This book relates the political history of mid-nineteenth-century Britain to the assumptions which then prevailed about the abstract moral purposes of political activity. A great number of mid-Victorian writers and politicians expressed far-reaching hopes for the future development of British society, indeed for its regeneration; and such hopes were inspired by their religious outlook. They contended that these aims would be promoted by the pursuit, by governments, of particular educational, ecclesiastical, Irish and other policies. Part I of this book examines at length the varying aspirations, in this direction, of the different elements of Gladstone's Liberal party. In addition to Gladstone's own views, those of whigs, broad churchmen, theist intellectuals, high churchmen's interests are all analysed, in an account which ranges far beyond the time limits suggested by the book's title. Part II recounts the disputes within the party which these conflicting aims provoked between 1867 and 1875. These years were marked by the rise and fall of Gladstone's first and most active government, by the disestablishment of Irish Church in 1869 and the passage of the 1870 Elementary Education Act. In addition, politicians were introduced to a long series of broader and more intangible problems with connotations for religious and political stability - including those thrown up by the 1867 Reform Act, the Vatican Council, the Franco-Prussian war, the progress of the free-thinking movement, the rise of the home rule party in Ireland, and the growth of ritualism within the Church of England. Dr Parry shows how the attempt to tackle these issues slowly paralysed the effectiveness of Gladstone's government, leading to its fall in 1874, and to a crisis about the identity of British Liberalism which was never subsequently resolved. A long introduction and conclusion reassess the history of the Liberal party between 1832 and 1886, in the light of the book's findings. Dr Parry's work offers a radically new synthesis of political, intellectual and ecclesiastical history. It challenges the view that nineteenth-century politics can be understood properly if it is treated in primarily secular terms.

'This is a book which must be read by all serious students of nineteenth-century political history.' Asa Briggs, The Guardian 'Parry's range of reading and breadth of references are awe-inspiring ... a study of impressive intelligence, forcefulness and originality.' Roy Foster, The Times Literary Supplement ' ... a major historical and intellectual achievement ... communicating to the reader a sense of excitement and discovery.' K. Theodore Hoppen, The English Historical Review 'There can be no doubt that [Parry's] book will be a sine qua non for the history of the later Victorian age.' E. J. Feuchtwanger, The Times Higher Education Supplement

List of tablesp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. x
Notes on text, index and footnotesp. xii
Introductionp. 1
The Whig-Liberals: Ip. 57
Church and statep. 80
The Church of Scotlandp. 102
The Whig-Liberals: IIp. 105
Educationp. 105
Social reformp. 112
The party systemp. 116
Protestantism and foreign policyp. 121
Catholicismp. 125
Irelandp. 128
Perceptions of the Conservativesp. 137
Perceptions of Gladstonep. 140
Whig-liberals in parliamentp. 144
Gladstone, High Churchmen and Liberal Catholicsp. 150
Introduction: the high-church missionp. 151
Gladstone: Church and statep. 153
Gladstone: educationp. 164
Gladstone and Liberal politicsp. 167
Gladstone: foreign policyp. 174
Gladstone: Irelandp. 176
Liberal high churchmenp. 181
Liberal Catholics and Irish home rulersp. 193
The Radicalsp. 199
Nonconformistsp. 200
The radical MPsp. 229
Working-menp. 232
Morley, Harrison and positivismp. 239
Academic liberalsp. 249
Searching for Unity: The Irish Church Question, 1867-9p. 261
Liberal disunity, 1867-8p. 261
A fragile unity restored, 1868p. 267
The apogee of unity: the Irish Church Act, 1869p. 280
Education, Establishment and Ireland, 1869-71p. 289
Irish disorder and the Vatican council, 1869-70p. 289
The crisis over English and Irish education in the 1870 sessionp. 295
The arousal of provincial Liberalism, 1870-1p. 306
First intimations of mortality, late 1871p. 321
The Religious Problem Intensified, 1872-3p. 333
The Manchester conference and English politics in 1872p. 333
The Scottish Education Actp. 339
Ireland in the 1872 sessionp. 343
The framing, introduction and defeat of the Irish University Bill, 1872-3p. 353
The Fall of the Government, 1873-4p. 369
1873: a wasted sessionp. 369
The 1874 electionp. 381
Disunity Explicit, 1874-5p. 411
The 1874 session: ritualism and Scottish patronagep. 411
Vaticanism and Gladstone's resignation, 1874-5p. 421
Conclusionp. 429
Bibliographyp. 453
Indexp. 493
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521367837
ISBN-10: 0521367832
Series: Cambridge Studies in the History and Theory of Politics
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 520
Published: 1st May 1989
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 2.9
Weight (kg): 0.76