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Democracy and Famine : Routledge Research in Comparative Politics - Olivier Rubin

Democracy and Famine

Routledge Research in Comparative Politics

Hardcover Published: 8th November 2010
ISBN: 9780415598224
Number Of Pages: 204

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Famine is the most extreme manifestation of the existence of poverty, inequality and political apathy. Whereas poverty, hunger and diseases are not easily eradicated in the world today, famines are often perceived to be relatively simple to avert. However, the political incentives to prevent famines are not always present.

Inspired by the work of Amartya Sen, whose influential hypothesis that democratic institutions together with a free press provide effective protection from famine, Democracy and Famine is a study combining qualitative and quantitative evidence, analysing the effect of democracy on famine prevention. The book's overall framework moves from placing political systems at the heart of famine protection to look at the political processes involved.

Using a case study based approach drawing on famines from India, Malawi and Niger; Democracy and Famine will be of interest to scholars and students of democracy, comparative politics and international relations.

 

List of illustrationsp. ix
Acknowledgementsp. xi
List of abbreviationsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Structure of bookp. 6
Presentation of Sen's theory of democracy and faminep. 9
Outlining Sen's theory of democracy and faminep. 9
Earlier critiques of Sen's democracy theoryp. 12
The three different democracy propositionsp. 15
Conceptualization and operationalization of democracyp. 18
Conceptualizing democracyp. 18
The question of governancep. 22
Conclusionp. 28
Operationalization of democracyp. 29
Conclusionp. 33
Discussion of Sen's understanding of democracyp. 35
Inferring from Sen's writingsp. 35
Inferring from Sen's empirical example, Indiap. 41
Conclusionp. 51
Famines in Bangladesh, Sudan and Indiap. 53
The concept of famine and case-study designp. 53
The 1974 Bangladesh faminep. 56
The Sudanese famine of 1986-89p. 60
Indian famines since independencep. 62
Conclusionp. 73
The Malawi famine of 2002p. 74
The Malawian democracyp. 74
The Malawian faminep. 80
Tracing system deficienciesp. 84
Conclusionp. 92
The Niger famine of 2005p. 93
Democracy in Nigerp. 93
The Niger faminep. 96
Tracing system deficienciesp. 102
Conclusionp. 106
Democracy and famine: quantitative evidencep. 108
Existing cross-country empirical evidencep. 108
Cross-country empirical evidencep. 113
Conclusionp. 124
Multiple starvation deaths in Indiap. 126
Starvation deaths in West Bengalp. 129
The political triggersp. 132
Legal assembly dynamicsp. 134
The politicized panchayatsp. 139
Distrust and stigmatizationp. 144
The village-specific factorsp. 146
Conclusionp. 148
Discussion of other macro-level causal approachesp. 150
De Waal's anti-famine contractp. 150
Dan Banik's freedomp. 153
Neumayer and Plümper's electorate sizep. 156
Counter-productive democratic mechanismsp. 159
The validity of the three propositionsp. 159
The limitations of the focus on democracy and politicizationp. 163
Conclusionp. 174
Conclusionp. 176
The three propositions - resultsp. 176
Moving beyond the focus on democracyp. 177
Bibliographyp. 182
Indexp. 196
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415598224
ISBN-10: 0415598222
Series: Routledge Research in Comparative Politics
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 204
Published: 8th November 2010
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 16.51  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.48
Edition Number: 1

Earn 733 Qantas Points
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