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Defects and Disorder in Crystalline and Amorphous Solids : NATO Science Series C - Richard Catlow

Defects and Disorder in Crystalline and Amorphous Solids

NATO Science Series C

By: Richard Catlow (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 31st January 1994
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The study of disorder in solids is one of the key areas in contemporary solid state science. In crystalline solids there are well-developed models for describing the way in which defects control the atomic transport, thermodynamic and spectroscopic properties. In contrast, the conceptual and theoretical framework for describing these properties in amorphous solids is less well developed, partly due to the uncertainties in the structural models used to represent the disordered systems. Moreover, disordered solids include materials of great contemporary technological importance, for example, ceramic superconductors and amorphous semiconductors.
The field has developed rapidly in the last few years, driven both by technological needs for improved materials and by the fundamental scientific problems posed by disorder in solids. Progress has been especially rapid in structural studies, using diffraction, EXAFS, NMR and microscopy techniques, in investigation of atomic and charge transport and in the application of theoretical and computational methods.
The book provides a unified approach to disorder in solids. The earlier chapters present a survey of the theoretical and structural concepts used in describing defective and amorphous solids and the basic properties of these materials. The next chapters are devoted to a thorough survey of techniques and properties, including structural studies, transport, thermodynamic and spectroscopic properties and theoretical and computational techniques. The final chapters review materials and applications, including fast-ion conductors, sensors, amorphous semiconductors and novel glasses. It therefore presents a unique survey of an important field in contemporary solid state science.

Preface
An Introduction to Disorder in Solidsp. 1
Point Defect Structures in Crystalline Materialsp. 25
Extended Defects in Crystalline Materialsp. 49
Amorphous Solids: An Introductionp. 73
Random Network Modelsp. 87
Investigation of Crystal Structures with Defectsp. 123
Neutron Powder Diffraction for the Characterization of Structural Defects in Crystalline Solidsp. 137
NMR Techniques for the Study of Crystalline and Amorphous Solidsp. 157
Atomic Transport in Heavily Defective Materials: Crystals and Glassesp. 189
Ionic Transport in Glassy and Polymer Electrolytesp. 221
Electronic Structures of Amorphous Solidsp. 245
Electronic Transport in Amorphous Semiconductorsp. 261
Defects and Disorder in Amorphous Semiconductors - Basic and Applied Aspectsp. 279
Computer Modelling of Defectsp. 315
Embedded-Cluster Calculationsp. 341
Molecular Dynamics Studies of Defects in Solidsp. 357
Simulations of Glass Surfaces: Structure and Adsorptionp. 375
On the Local Structure of Glasses: Icosahedra, Orientational Order and Growing Correlation Lengthsp. 391
Thermodynamic Properties of Defective Solidsp. 413
Spectroscopic Properties of Defect Solidsp. 435
Radiation Damage in NaClp. 457
Defect Problems in the Field of Chemical Sensorsp. 479
Indexp. 505
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792326106
ISBN-10: 0792326105
Series: NATO Science Series C
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 511
Published: 31st January 1994
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.8
Weight (kg): 2.0