After President Aristide was overthrown by the Haitian military in September 1991, the UN Security Council and the OAS instituted a progression of measures to restore him to power. This unique and intriguing study examines how and why the UN Security Council took its decisions on Haiti, including authorization in July 1994 of the use of force by a US-led multinational coalition against the de facto regime. After outlining key
trends in the Council's work from 1990-97 and providing a sketch of Haiti's history, the author reviews the milestones in the Haitian crisis, focusing principally on their international dimension but also discussing Haitian domestic factors which influenced the crisis. Drawing on an unprecedented range of UN and
OAS documents, media reports and original interviews, Malone explores how and why the Haiti case found its way on to the Security Council's agenda, probes the motivations and roles of key actors, examines the Security Council as an institutional framework for action, and asseses the success of Security Council strategies on Haiti. The study touches on issues of power and influence within the UN Security Council, the links between the Security Council's decisions on Haiti and its reactions to
other, recent, international crises, UN cooperation with the OAS, and the factors shaping national positions in the Security Council, with a particular focus on the impact of US domestic events.
`'accessible and of great value.''
G R Berridge, Emeritus Professor of International Politics, University of Leicester, 25 March 2002
`Malone's insight into the diplomacy behind the rhetoric is the book's greatest strength ... it is precisely his account of the decision-making process outside the Security Council that makes this volume so interesting.'
Simon Chesterman, International Journal of Refugee Law Vol 11 No 1, 1999
Foreword by Adam Roberts
2: Rise and Decline of Security Council Activism, 1990-97
3: An Overview of Haiti's History
4: The Anti-Aristide Coup and the International Response, January 1991-November 1992
5: The Governors Island Agreement, December 1992-November 1993
6: Authorization for the Use of Force and Aristide's Return, November 1993-October 1994
7: Stabilization and Peacebuilding, October 1994-December 1997