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David's Secret Demons : Messiah, Murderer, Traitor, King :  Messiah, Murderer, Traitor, King - Baruch Halpern

David's Secret Demons : Messiah, Murderer, Traitor, King

Messiah, Murderer, Traitor, King

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Published: March 2004
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The Bible portrays King David as an exceptional man and a paragon of godly devotion. But was he? Some scholars deny that he existed at all. Did he? This challenging book examines the written and archaeological evidence critically in an effort to paint an accurate picture of one of the Bible's central figures.

Neither defending nor rejecting the traditions about David, Baruch Halpern, a leading scholar of biblical history and the ancient Near East, traces the origins and development of David's persona. Because the biblical text clearly responds to concerns that can only be contemporary with David himself, we can believe that David was both real and a central actor in the historical drama of ancient Israel. Yet at the same time, the written record also shows that contemporaries understood David's character to be much more unsavory than the tradition has hitherto allowed.

Halpern digs beneath the layers of tradition to understand David as an individual, as a person. The man he uncovers turns out to have been complex, ambiguous, and--above all--surprising. According to Halpern, the image of David grew over time. He was the founder of the dynasty that perpetuated the texts about him, and they progressively exaggerated his accomplishments. But in the earliest writings David remains a modest figure, as this book shows for the first time. To understand David as a human being, one must keep in mind that he was primarily a politician who operated in a rough-and-tumble environment in which competitors were ready literally to slit throats.

Halpern's work raises many provocative questions: Was David an Israelite or a Philistine? Was Solomon really David's son? Did David take the throne ofIsrael by the consent or against the will of the people? How many murders did he commit on his way to the crown? Indeed, was David someone it would have been wise to even invite to dinner? The challenging arguments in "David's Secret Demons are sure to provoke all kinds of discussion among biblical scholars and general readers alike. In addition--a big bonus--Halpern's accessible, at times humorous prose will itself draw readers everywhere into the compelling story of David found between these covers.

Acknowledgmentsp. xii
Prefacep. xiv
Abbreviationsp. xviii
David in Writing
The Surprising Davidp. 3
David's History in the Books of Samuelp. 14
The Stage Setp. 15
Introducing Davidp. 18
Saul's Deathp. 22
The Civil Warp. 26
Building the Israelite Statep. 31
David and Bathshebap. 34
Absalom's Coupp. 39
Penetrating the Textual Veil
Dating 2 Samuelp. 57
King David, Serial Killerp. 73
The Portrayal of David and the Date of 2 Samuelp. 73
Ten Little Indiansp. 77
Nabalp. 77
Saul and His Sons at Gilboap. 78
Ishbaalp. 81
Abnerp. 82
Saul's Other Descendantsp. 84
Amnonp. 87
Absalomp. 89
Amasap. 90
Uriahp. 92
The Apology and the Absalom Revoltp. 94
Defining David's Empire
How to Take Up What Kings Set Downp. 107
History, the Public Form of Memoryp. 107
The Image of the King in Royal Propagandap. 113
The Tiglath-Pileser Principlep. 124
Reading David's Conquestsp. 133
2 Samuel 8p. 142
Settling the Philistine Question: 2 Samuel 8:1p. 144
The Conquest of Moab: 2 Samuel 8:2p. 160
David and Hadadezer: 2 Samuel 8:3 and the History of the Ninth Centuryp. 164
David at the Riverp. 164
The Northern Statesp. 167
Hadadezer, Ruler of the House of Rehob?p. 167
Hazael, King of Amqi?p. 169
Hazael, Invader of Amqi?p. 170
Rehob and Zobahp. 173
Zobah and David's Empirep. 175
The Name of Hadadezerp. 179
David in the North and in Transjordan: 2 Samuel 8:3-11p. 187
Understanding 2 Samuel 8:3-11p. 187
David's Stelap. 195
The Date and Reception of 2 Samuel 8p. 199
David's Display?p. 199
2 Samuel 8 and the Historicity of the Davidic Statep. 208
Propaganda and Its Implications for Historical Realityp. 208
The Claims of Samuel and the Date of the Textp. 224
A Historical Overture to David's Career
The Relative Chronology of David's Reignp. 229
Ages of Kings at Deathp. 242
Geography of the Davidic Statep. 243
The External Borders of David's Statep. 243
The Magnification of David's Statep. 246
The Early Magnificationp. 246
Theories of the Israelite Settlementp. 247
The Magnifying Lensp. 250
Is Jonah Liable?p. 252
Dating the Extension of David's Statep. 256
A Life of David
David's Youthp. 263
The Sourcesp. 263
The Name of Davidp. 266
David's Daddyp. 270
David's Antecedentsp. 271
Location in Bethlehemp. 274
Chart of the A and B Sources in 1 Samuel 8-2 Samuel 1p. 277
David and Saulp. 280
In Saul's Courtp. 280
The Wilderness Yearsp. 284
A Foreign Affairp. 287
On the Hot Seat in Hebronp. 295
From Gath to Hebronp. 295
Kingship in a Nutshellp. 296
David across the Riverp. 301
David's Philistine Pedigreep. 302
Hebron and the Gibeonitesp. 306
The Civil Warp. 307
The Cuckoo in the Nestp. 310
Rising over Zionp. 317
The Taking of Jerusalemp. 317
The Philistine Warsp. 320
Bringing Home the Arkp. 333
Celebrating a Homecomingp. 333
The Dynastic Oraclep. 337
The Saulide Hostagep. 341
David's Warsp. 345
The Ammonite Warp. 345
Edomp. 353
Other Regionsp. 355
Absalom's Giftp. 357
The Aftermath of Absalom's Revoltp. 382
The Aftermath: David's Policies for Expansionp. 382
After Absalom: David and Israelp. 384
Solomon's Successionp. 391
Solomon's Politicsp. 406
Appendix
The Archaeology of David's Reignp. 427
Introductionp. 427
Megiddo, Gezer, and Hazorp. 433
Downdating the Solomonic Layersp. 451
Ramses III and the Sea Peoplesp. 454
The Dating of the Tenth-Century Strata: Positive Evidencep. 460
Afterwordp. 479
General Index of Select Topicsp. 481
Index of Scholars Citedp. 488
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780802827975
ISBN-10: 0802827977
Series: Bible in Its World (Paperback)
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 516
Published: March 2004
Publisher: William B Eerdmans Publishing Co
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 2.6
Weight (kg): 0.72