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Current Topics in Astrofundamental Physics : Current Topics in Astrofundamental Physics: The Cosmic Microwave Background Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Erice Ettore Majorana, Italy 16 Dec 1999 - N. Sanchez

Current Topics in Astrofundamental Physics

Current Topics in Astrofundamental Physics: The Cosmic Microwave Background Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Erice Ettore Majorana, Italy 16 Dec 1999

By: N. Sanchez (Editor)

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Published: 31st March 2001
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This NATO Advanced Study Institute provided an up dated understanding, from a fundamental and deep point of view, of the progress and current problems in the early universe, cosmic microwave background radiation, large scale structure, dark matter problem, and the interplay between them. The focus was placed on the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation. Emphasis was given to the mutual impact of fundamental physics and cosmology, both at theoretical and experimental-or observational-levels, within a deep and well defined programme, and a global unifying view, which, in addition, provides of careful inter-disciplinarity. Special Lectures were devoted to neutrinos in astrophysics and high energy astrophysics. In addition, each Course of this series, introduced and promoted topics or subjects, which, although not being of purely astrophysical or cosmological nature, were of relevant physical interest for astrophysics and cosmology. Deep understanding, clarification, synthesis, careful interdisciplinarity within a fundamental physics framework, werethe maingoals ofthe course. Lectures ranged from a motivation and pedagogical introduction for students and participants not directly working in the field to the latest developmentsand most recent results. All Lectures were plenary, had the same duration and were followed by a discussion. The Course brought together experimentalists and theoretical physicists, astrophysicists and astronomers from a variety of backgrounds, including young scientists at post-doctoral level, senior scientists and advanced graduatestudentsas well.

Preface
50th Anniversary of the Founding of NATO
Dedication of the 7th Course to Ya. B. Zeldovich
80th Anniversary of Professor I. M. Khalatnikov
The Early Universe
Phase Transitions in the Early Universep. 3
Elements of Baryogenesisp. 17
Out of Equilibrium Fields in Selfconsistent Inflationary Dynamics. Density Fluctuationsp. 37
Minimal String Driven Cosmology and its Predictionsp. 97
New Dual Relations Between Quantum Field Theory and String Regimes in Curved Backgroundsp. 121
Detectability of Relic Squeezed Gravitational Waves by Laser Interferometersp. 131
Gravitational Field and Its Energy-Momentum Tensorp. 139
Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation
Observations and Theory of The Cosmic Microwave Backgroundp. 151
The 1+3 Covariant Approach to CMB Anisotropies. Erice lectures 1999p. 177
Some Problems of the CMB Polarizationp. 197
The High Redshift Radio Universep. 219
Large Scale Structure, Dark Matter
In Search of the Early Universe. I The Oldest Starsp. 243
In Search of the Early Universe. II. The Youngest Galaxiesp. 251
Clusters of galaxies and the Large Scale Structurep. 257
Structure Formation of Galaxy Clusters and Beyondp. 291
Warm Dark Matter. Clues to Primordial Phase Density from the Structure of Galaxy Halosp. 345
Dark Matter as Determined from Energetic Particlesp. 355
Fractals and Scaling Laws in Astrophysics and Cosmology
Fractal Lacunarity and Scenarios for the Near-Isotropic Distribution of Galaxiesp. 365
Fractal Structures and the Large Scale Distribution of Galaxiesp. 391
The Cosmological Many-Body Problem and Some of Its Observational implicationsp. 419
The Statistical Mechanics of the Self-Gravitating Gas: Equation of State and Fractal Dimensionp. 433
Renormalization Group Flow and Fragmentation in the Self-Gravitating Thermal Gasp. 449
High Energy and Neutrino Astrophysics
Bepposax: 3 Years of Operation. Highlights and Significant Resultsp. 483
The Extreme Energy Cosmic Rays and Cosmic Neutrinos as Probes for the Distant Universe. Astrophysics Involved and Experimental Approachp. 499
Origin and Physics of the Highest Energy Particles in the Universep. 515
The Gamma-Ray Bursts and the SWIFT Missionp. 539
Neutrino Oscillations and Cosmologyp. 565
High Energy Neutrino Astronomy: Towards Kilometer-Scale Detectorsp. 585
Accretion of Gas onto Black Holesp. 609
Mass Extinctions of Species - Were Dinosaurs Killed by an Asteroid or Volcanoes?p. 627
Opening the Third Millenniump. 645
Photographs of the Institutep. 651
Author Indexp. 661
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792368557
ISBN-10: 079236855X
Series: NATO Science Series C
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 662
Published: 31st March 2001
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 2.53