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Current Oculomotor Research : Physiological and Psychological Aspects - Wolfgang Becker

Current Oculomotor Research

Physiological and Psychological Aspects

By: Wolfgang Becker (Editor), Heiner Deubel (Editor), Thomas Mergner (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 31st January 1999
ISBN: 9780306460494
Number Of Pages: 480

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This volume contains the proceedings of the Ninth European Conference on Eye Movements (ECEM 9), held in Ulm, Germany, on September 23-26, 1997. ECEM 9 con­ tinued a series of conferences initiated by Rudolf Groner of Bern, Switzerland, in 1981 which, from its very beginning, has brought together scientists from very diverse fields with a common interest in eye movements. About 40 of the papers presented at ECEM 9 have been selected for presentation in full length while others are rendered in condensed form. There is a broad spectrum of motives why people have become involved in, and fas­ cinated by, eye movement research. Neuroscientists have been allured by the prospect of understanding anatomical findings, single unit recordings, and the sequels of experimental lesions in terms of the clearly defined system requirements and the well documented be­ havioural repertoire of the oculomotor system. Others have been attracted by the richness of this repertoire and its dependence on an intricate hierarchy of factors spanning from "simple" reflexes to visual pattern recognition and spatio-temporal prediction. Neurolo­ gists, neuro-ophthalmologists and neuro-otologists have long standing experience with eye movements as sensitive indicators of lesions in the brain stem, the midbrain, and the cere­ bellum. By studying oculomotor malfunctions they have made, and are continuing to make, important contributions to our understanding of oculomotor functions.

`... all the procedures in this series should be available in every clinical library at ophthalmological, neurological as well as vestibular clinics.' Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica 2000

Brainstem Anatomy of Saccades and Ocular Followingp. 1
c-Fos Expression in the Optokinetic Nuclei of the Rat following Different Visual Stimulus Conditionsp. 7
Neuronal Activity in Monkey Superior Colliculus during an Antisaccade Taskp. 17
Space and Salience in Parietal Cortexp. 25
Parietal Neurons Are Activated by Smooth Pursuit of Imaginary Targetsp. 37
Properties of Saccades during Optokinetic Responses to Radial Optic Flow in Monkeysp. 45
Erroneous Prosaccades in a Gap-Antisaccade-Task: Production, Correction, and Recognitionp. 53
The Subjective Direction of Gaze Shifts Long before the Saccadep. 65
Does Visual Background Information Influence Saccadic Adaptation?p. 71
Effects of Target Size and Brightness and Fixation Point Size on Human Visually-Guided Voluntary Saccadesp. 81
Effects of Warning Signals on Saccadic Reaction Times and Event-Related Potentialsp. 85
Adaptation to Visual Field Defects with Virtual Reality Scotoma in Healthy Subjectsp. 89
Saccadic Suppression and Adaptation: Revisiting the Methodologyp. 93
Modelling Prediction in Ocular Pursuit: The Importance of Short-Term Storagep. 97
Parieto-Temporal Cortex Contributes to Velocity Storage Integration of Vestibular Informationp. 109
Three-Dimensional Primate Eye Movements during Lateral Translationp. 117
Smooth Pursuit to a Movement Flow and Associated Perceptual Judgmentsp. 125
Reaction Times of Smooth Pursuit Initiation in Normal Subjects and in "Express-Saccade Makers"p. 129
Active Reproduction of Passive Rotations and Contingent Eye Movementsp. 133
Static Vestibulo-Ocular Brainstem Syndromes: Three-Dimensional Modeling and Stimulationp. 137
Proprioceptive Evoked Eye Movementsp. 141
Pursuit-Dependent Distribution of Vergence among the Two Eyesp. 145
Coupled Perturbation Effects during 3D Target-Tracking Indicating a Shared Control Stage for Saccades and Vergencep. 153
Listing's Plane Orientation with Vergence: Effect of Disparity and Accommodationp. 165
Intra- and Postsaccadic Disparity-Induced Vergence Changes during Repeated Stimulationsp. 175
Modelling Vergence Eye Movements Using Fuzzy Logicp. 179
The Variation of Cyclotorsion with Vergence and Elevationp. 183
Blinks and Associated Eye Movementsp. 187
Opposing Resistance to the Head Movement Does Not Affect Space Perception during Head Rotationsp. 193
Updating the Location of Visual Objects in Space following Vestibular Stimulationp. 203
Sensory and Motor Components of Smooth Pursuit Eye Movements in Extrastriate Cortex: An fMRI Studyp. 213
Cortical Control of Sequences of Memory-Guided Saccadesp. 223
Functional MRI of Double Step Saccades: The Role of Cingulate Cortexp. 235
Object Recognition and Goal-Directed Eye or Hand Movements Are Coupled by Visual Attentionp. 241
Saccadic Inhibition in Complex Visual Tasksp. 249
The Use of Coarse and Fine Peripheral Information during the Final Part of Fixations in Scene Perceptionp. 257
Eye Movements during Free Search on a Homogenous Backgroundp. 269
Is There Any Need for Eye-Movement Recordings during Reasoning?p. 279
A New Way of Looking at Auditory Linguistic Comprehensionp. 287
Eye Movement-Based Memory Assessmentp. 293
Visual and Verbal Focus Patterns when Describing Picturesp. 303
Visual Attention towards Gestures in Conversationp. 305
Modelling Experiential and Task Effects on Attentional Processes in Symmetry Detectionp. 309
Eye Movements while Viewing a Foreign Movie with Subtitlesp. 313
Difference of Shape Constancy in Upper and Lower Visual Fieldsp. 317
Occurrence and Function of Very Short Fixation Durations in Readingp. 321
The Planning of Successive Saccades in Letter Stringsp. 333
Eye Movements in Reading: Are Two Eyes Better Than One?p. 341
The Return Sweep in Readingp. 349
Parafoveal-on-Foveal Effects in Reading and Word Recognitionp. 359
Fixation Control and Antisaccades in Dyslexiap. 369
Relationship between Visual Attention and Saccade Target Selection in Readingp. 375
Reading: Influence of Letter Size, Display Quality, and Anticipationp. 379
Eye Movement Deficits in Cerebellar Diseasep. 383
Three-Dimensional Properties of Saccadic Eye Movements in Patients with Cerebellar Ataxiap. 391
Effect of Target Predictability on the Initiation of Smooth Pursuit in Healthy Subjects and Patients with Cerebellar Lesionp. 397
Ocular Motor Disorders Associated with Inborn Chiasmal Crossing Defects: Multi-Planar Eye Movement Recordings in See-Saw and Congenital Nystagmusp. 403
Control of Purposive Saccadic Eye Movements and Visual Fixation in Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorderp. 415
A Comparison of Eye Movements in Families with Multiple Occurrence of Schizophrenia and Normal Familiesp. 425
Eye-Head Coordination in Patients with Chronic Loss of Vestibular Functionp. 433
Subclinical Saccadic Adduction Slowing in Patients with Monosymptomatic Unilateral Optic Neuritis Predicts the Development of Multiple Sclerosisp. 443
Saccadic Tracking in Schizophrenia: Incidence of Hypometria and Intrusions Influenced by Visual Background and Pace of Stepping?p. 447
Asymmetric Gap Effect on Smooth Pursuit Latency in a Schizophrenic Subjectp. 451
Eye-Hand Coordination in Patients with Parkinson's Disease, Wilson's Disease, Cerebellar Lesions, and Parietal Lesionsp. 455
A Simple Approach to Video-Based 3D Eye Movement Measurementp. 459
Improved Three-Dimensional Eye Movement Measurement Using Smart Vision Sensorsp. 463
Contributorsp. 467
Indexp. 475
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306460494
ISBN-10: 0306460491
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 480
Published: 31st January 1999
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 26.04 x 17.78  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 1.11