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Current and New Directions in Discourse and Dialogue : Text, Speech and Language Technology - Jan van Kuppevelt

Current and New Directions in Discourse and Dialogue

Text, Speech and Language Technology

By: Jan van Kuppevelt (Editor), Ronnie W. Smith (Editor)

Paperback Published: 30th November 2003
ISBN: 9781402016158
Number Of Pages: 381

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The origins of this book arise from the highly successful second SIGdial Workshop on Discourse and Dialogue that was held in September 2001 in con- junction with Eurospeech 2001. The original workshop proceedings consisted of 29 papers selected from 57 submissions, an exceptionally high number of submissions for a two day workshop. This book includes extended versions of 12 papers originally presented at the workshop. In addition, 4 other invited papers on major themes in discourse and dialogue research are included. There are three main themes addressed by the papers in this collection: (1) corpus annotation and analysis; (2) method- ologies for construction of dialogue systems; and (3) perspectives on various key theoretical issues including communicative intention, context-based gen- eration, and modeling of discourse structure. However, because of the very nature of discourse and dialogue research that often requires researchers to tackle several issues in one piece of work, we have chosen to order the papers alphabetically by author rather than try to create artificial thematic sections. We believe this collection provides a concise yet reasonably comprehensive snapshot of major research themes in discourse and dialogue. We hope that readers will benefit greatly from this collection.

Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgementsp. xii
Annotations and Tools for an Activity Based Spoken Language Corpusp. 1
Introductionp. 1
GSLC and Other Goteborg Corporap. 4
Storagep. 5
Description of the Corpus Transcription Standardp. 6
Tools Which Have Been Developedp. 7
Types of Quantitative Analysisp. 9
Types of Qualitative Analysisp. 11
Conclusions and Future Directionsp. 15
Referencesp. 16
Using Direct Variant Transduction for Rapid Development of Natural Spoken Interfacesp. 19
Introductionp. 20
Characteristics of Direct Variant Transductionp. 20
Constructing an Application with Example-Action Contextsp. 21
Context Expansionp. 23
Recognition, Classification and Matchingp. 25
Dialog Control and Confirmationp. 27
Experimentsp. 30
Concluding Remarksp. 33
Referencesp. 33
An Interface for Annotating Natural Interactivityp. 35
Introductionp. 35
Today's Natural Interactivity Coding Toolsp. 37
The Nite Projectp. 42
Nite Target User Groupsp. 43
General Tool Requirementsp. 44
Annotation User Interface Requirementsp. 47
The Audio-Visual Annotation Interfacep. 52
Conclusion and Future Workp. 60
Acknowledgementsp. 61
Referencesp. 61
Managing Communicative Intentions with Collaborative Problem Solvingp. 63
Previous Workp. 65
A Collaborative Problem-Solving Modelp. 68
Examplesp. 75
Use in Dialogue Systemsp. 79
Conclusions and Future Workp. 81
Referencesp. 82
Building a Discourse-Tagged Corpus in the Framework of Rhetorical Structure Theoryp. 85
Introductionp. 85
Frameworkp. 86
Discourse Annotation Taskp. 90
Quality Assurancep. 93
Corpus Overviewp. 96
Mining the RST Corpusp. 97
Conclusions and Future Workp. 108
Acknowledgementsp. 109
Referencesp. 110
An Empirical Study of Speech Recognition Errors in Human Computer Dialoguep. 113
Introductionp. 113
The Speech Recognition Componentp. 116
Integrated Parsing of User Utterancesp. 117
The Dialogue Processp. 119
From Speech Recognition Errors to Speech Act Recognition Errorsp. 120
Evaluating Robustness to Speech Recognition Errorsp. 126
Conclusionp. 129
Acknowledgementsp. 130
Referencesp. 130
Comparing Several Aspects of Human-Computer and Human-Human Dialoguesp. 133
Introductionp. 133
Our Datap. 134
Analysisp. 138
Analysis of Misunderstandingsp. 151
Discussionp. 155
Conclusionsp. 156
Dialogue Act Tag Set and Examplesp. 156
Referencesp. 157
Full Paraphrase Generation for Fragments in Dialoguep. 161
Introductionp. 161
SHARDSp. 164
Generation of Fragment Paraphrasesp. 168
An Implemented System for Fragment Resolution and Paraphrase Generationp. 171
Conclusion and Future Researchp. 179
Acknowledgementsp. 179
Referencesp. 180
Disentangling Public from non-Public Meaningp. 183
Introductionp. 184
Utterer's Content v. Utterer's Planp. 188
Clarifying Utterer's Contentp. 190
Why[subscript meta]: an analysisp. 198
Concluding Remarksp. 205
Referencesp. 209
Adaptivity and Response Generation in a Spoken Dialogue Systemp. 213
Introductionp. 213
Interaction Managementp. 215
Dialogue Response Generationp. 221
Confidence-based Adaptivityp. 227
Conclusionp. 232
Referencesp. 232
On the Means for Clarification in Dialoguep. 235
Introductionp. 235
Clarification Formsp. 238
Clarification Readingsp. 241
Corpus Analysisp. 243
Conclusionsp. 248
Acknowledgementsp. 250
Corpus Markup Decision Treesp. 251
Referencesp. 254
Plug and Play Spoken Dialogue Processingp. 257
Introductionp. 258
The CANTONA Plug and Play Demonstratorp. 261
Device Descriptions: Rules and Hierarchiesp. 264
Plug and Play Response Generationp. 267
Plug and Play Speech Recognition and Parsingp. 271
Discussionp. 278
Acknowledgementsp. 279
Referencesp. 280
Conversational Implicatures and Communication Theoryp. 283
Introductionp. 283
Particularized Conversational Implicaturesp. 284
Generalized Conversational Implicaturesp. 293
Referencesp. 301
Reconciling Control and Discourse Structurep. 305
Introductionp. 305
Discourse Structure and Control Analysisp. 307
Relationship between Control and Discourse Structurep. 313
Reconciling Control inside Discourse Segmentsp. 315
Conclusionp. 320
Future Workp. 320
Acknowledgementsp. 321
Referencesp. 322
The Information State Approach to Dialogue Managementp. 325
Introductionp. 325
The Information State Approachp. 328
A Multi-level Architecture for Reusable Dialogue Managementp. 334
TrindiKit: A Dialogue Move Engine Toolkitp. 336
Implementations using TrindiKitp. 339
Reusing Dialogue Management Componentsp. 346
Referencesp. 350
Visualizing Spoken Discoursep. 355
Introduction: Interruptions and Dialoguep. 355
Research Goals and Proceduresp. 356
Prosodic Characteristics of Interruptionsp. 357
Implications for Dialogue Systemsp. 375
Conclusionp. 377
Acknowledgementsp. 377
Referencesp. 377
Appendixp. 378
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402016158
ISBN-10: 1402016158
Series: Text, Speech and Language Technology
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 381
Published: 30th November 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.98 x 16.2  x 1.78
Weight (kg): 0.71