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Culture and the Evolutionary Process - Robert Boyd

Culture and the Evolutionary Process

Paperback Published: 1st January 1985
ISBN: 9780226069333
Number Of Pages: 339

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How do biological, psychological, sociological, and cultural factors combine to change societies over the long run? Boyd and Richerson explore how genetic and cultural factors interact, under the influence of evolutionary forces, to produce the diversity we see in human cultures. Using methods developed by population biologists, they propose a theory of cultural evolution that is an original and fair-minded alternative to the sociobiology debate.

Preface
Overview
An Informal Sketch of the Dual Inheritance Model
The Relationship between Genetic and Cultural Evolution
The General Utility of Dual Inheritance Theory
Conclusion
Some Methodological Preliminaries
Darwinian Approach
Modeling Complex Phenomena
Use of Data
In Defense of Mathematical Models
In Defense of Analogies
Conclusion
The Cultural Inheritance System
Defining Cultural Inheritance
Review of Data from the Social Sciences
Models of Cultural Transmission
Conclusion
Guided Variation and the Evolution of Cultural Inheritance
Models of Learning
The Force of Guided Variation
The Evolution of Cultural Transmission
Comparing Genetic and Cultural Transmission
Conclusion
Biased Transmission and the Sociobiology Debate
An Overview of Biased Transmission
Models of Direct Bias
The Adaptive Consequences of Direct Bias
An Evaluation of Sociobiological Hypotheses
The Empirical Evidence
Conclusion
The Natural Selection of Cultural Variations: Conflicts between Cultural and Genetic Evolution
Empirical Examples
Models of Natural Selection
The Evolution of Nonparental Transmission
The Interaction of Selection with Direct Bias and Guided Variation
The Demographic Transition
Conclusion
Frequency-dependent Bias and the Evolution of Cooperation
Models of Frequency-dependent Bias
The Adaptive Advantages of Conformist Transmission
Empirical Research on Conformity
Conformit Transmission and Cultural Group Selection
Conclusion
Indirect Bias and the Evolution of Symbolic Traits
Evidence for Indirect Bias
Models of Indirect Bias
The Runaway Process Possible
Examples of the Runaway Process
Symbolic Culture and the Runaway and Drift-Away Processes
Conclusion
Conclusion
Summary of the Main Results
Utility of Dual Inheritance Theory
Future Work
Conclusion
References and Author Index
Subject Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226069333
ISBN-10: 0226069338
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 339
Published: 1st January 1985
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.77 x 17.15  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.57
Edition Number: 2