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Cultural Capital : Problem of Literary Canon Formation - John Guillory

Cultural Capital

Problem of Literary Canon Formation

Paperback

Published: 1st January 1993
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In Cultural Capital, John Guillory challenges the most fundamental premises of the canon debate by resituating the problem of canon formation in an entirely new theoretical framework. The result is a book that promises to recast not only the debate about the literary curriculum but also the controversy over "multiculturalism" and the current "crisis of the humanities." Guillory argues that canon formation must be understood less as a question of representing social groups in the canon than of distributing "cultural capital" in the schools, which regulate access to literacy, the practices of reading and writing. He declines to reduce the history of canon formation to one of individual reputations or the ideological contents of particular works, arguing that a critique of the canon fixated on the concept of authorial identity overlooks historical transformations in the forms of cultural capital that have underwritten judgments of individual authors. The most important of these transformations is the emergence of "literature" in the later eighteenth century as the name of the cultural capital of the bourgeoisie. In three case studies, Guillory charts the rise and decline of the category of "literature" as the organizing principle of canon formation in the modern period. He considers the institutionalization of the English vernacular canon in eighteenth-century primary schools; the polemic on behalf of a New Critical modernist canon in the university; and the appearance of a "canon of theory" supplementing the literary curriculum in the graduate schools and marking the onset of a terminal crisis of literature as the dominant form of cultural capital in the schools. The final chapter ofCultural Capital examines recent theories of value judgment, which have strongly reaffirmed cultural relativism as the necessary implication of canon critique. Contrasting the relativist position with Pierre Bourdieu's very different sociology of judgment, Guillory concludes that the

Preface
Acknowledgments
Critique 1 Canonical and Noncanonical: The Current Debate
Case Studies 2: Mute Inglorious Miltons: Gray, Wordsworth, and the Vernacular
Ideology and Canonical Form: The New Critical
Literature after Theory: The Lesson of Paul de Man
Aesthetics
The Discourse of Value: From Adam Smith to Barbara Herrnstein Smith
Notes
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226310442
ISBN-10: 0226310442
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 408
Published: 1st January 1993
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.5 x 15.2  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.55
Edition Type: New edition