The Chambri of Papua New Guinea are well known as being the "Tchambuli" of Margaret Mead's influential work, Sex and Temperament, in which she described them as people among whom, in contrast to Western society, women dominated over men. In this book, the authors analyze Mead's data and present original material to reveal that Mead misinterpreted the Chambri situation. In fact, Chambri women neither dominate men, nor vice versa. They use this reformulated interpretation to discuss the relevance of the Chambri case for the understanding of gender relations in Western society today, showing that male dominance is not inevitable. At the same time, they use their knowledge of cultural alternatives to clarify Western feminist objectives.
'This complex, brilliant work succeeds in breaking out of that ethnographic straitjacket by remaining inconclusive and perplexed in what it reveals: as much an image of American intellectual quandaries as Chambri ones, and neither in isolation.' Times Higher Education Supplement