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Cryocoolers 11 - R. G. Ross

Cryocoolers 11

By: R. G. Ross (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 30th September 2001
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The development and application of cryocoolers - small cryogenic refrigerators designed to provide localized cooling at cryogenic temperatures - is expanding at an ever increasing rate. Small, highly portable cryocoolers are serving growing numbers of advanced infrared sensor and viewing systems; others provide cooling for medical applications, laboratory experiments, vacuum cryopumps, and advanced radio-frequency devices. Long-life spacecraft cooling for space infrared and gamma-ray instruments is a growing field, as is serving the expanding high-temperature superconductor community, and the emerging field of cryogenic cooling of computer systems. Composed of papers written by leading engineers and scientists in the field, this text reports the most recent advances in cryocooler development, contains extensive performance test results and comparisons, and relates the latest experience in integrating cryocoolers into advanced applications. Specific topics covered include: Stirling and Pulse-tube Cryocoolers; J-T, Sorption and Brayton Cryocoolers; Low-temperature G-M cryocoolers; New Cryocooler Concepts; Cryocooler Component Developments; Modelling and Test Techniques; Performance Test Data; Cryocooler Integration Techniques; Application and Life-test Data. The contributions contained in this volume should be a valuable asset for researchers, product designers, and development engineers associated with the design and application of cryocoolers to the ever expanding number of military, space, semiconductor, medical, computing, and high-temperature superconductor cryogenic applications.

Military Space Cryogenic Cooling Requirements for the 21st Centuryp. 1
Status of Programs for the DoD Family of Linear Drive Cryogenic Coolers for Weapon Systemsp. 11
Air Force Research Laboratory Cryocooler Characterization and Endurance Updatep. 17
Air Force Research Laboratory Cryocooler Reliability Initiativesp. 27
Protoflight Spacecraft Cryocooler Performance Resultsp. 35
Characterization of Raytheon's 60K 2 W Protoflight Spacecraft Cryocoolerp. 45
The Development of a 10K Closed Cycle Stirling Cooler for Space Usep. 55
Development of a 12K Stirling Cycle Precooler for a 6K Hybrid Cooler Systemp. 63
Thermodynamic Optimization of Multi-Stage Cryocoolersp. 69
The Advent of Low-Cost Cryocoolersp. 79
Performance and Reliability Improvements in a Low-Cost Stirling Cycle Cryocoolerp. 87
Development of a Long-Life Stirling Cryocoolerp. 95
Flexure Springs Applied to Low-Cost Linear Drive Cryocoolersp. 103
High Reliability Coolers under Development at Signaal-USFAp. 111
Development of a Long-Life Stirling Pulse Tube Cryocooler for Superconducting Filter Subsystemsp. 119
Development of a 5W at 65K Air-Cooled Pulse Tube Cryocoolerp. 125
TES FPC Flight Pulse Tube Cooler Systemp. 131
The AIM Space Cryocooler Programp. 139
Miniature Pulse Tube Cryocooler for Space Applicationsp. 145
Gamma-Ray Pulse Tube Cooler Development and Testingp. 155
High Efficiency Pulse Tube Coolerp. 163
High Performance Flight Cryocooler Compressorp. 169
Vibration Reduction in Balanced Linear Compressorsp. 175
95K High Efficiency Cryocooler Programp. 183
Design and Test of the NIST/Lockheed Martin Miniature Pulse Tube Flight Cryocoolerp. 189
Low-Cost Pulse Tube Liquefier for In-Situ Resource Utilizationp. 199
Performance Characteristics of a 4K Pulse Tube in Current Applicationsp. 205
Experimental Study of a 4K Pulse Tube Cryocoolerp. 213
GM-Type Two-Stage Pulse Tube Cooler with High Efficiencyp. 221
Developments on Single and Double Stage GM Type Pulse Tube Cryorefrigeratorsp. 229
30-50K Single Stage Pulse Tube Refrigerator for HTS Applicationsp. 235
Two-Stage 4K Pulse Tube Refrigeratorp. 243
Compressor-Specific Design of a Single-Stage Pulse Tube Refrigeratorp. 249
A Novel Multi-Stage Expander Conceptp. 259
Numerical Study of a New Type of 4K GM/PT Hybrid Refrigeratorp. 265
Thermally Actuated [superscript 3]He Pulse Tube Coolerp. 273
Investigation of Helium and Nitrogen Mixtures in a Pulse Tube Refrigeratorp. 281
Pulse Tube Refrigeration with a Combined Cooling and Freezing Cycle for HTSC Devicesp. 291
Experimental Investigation of a Pulse Tube Refrigerator Driven by a Thermoacoustic Prime Moverp. 301
Design, Development, and Operation of a Thermo-Acoustic Refrigerator Cooling to below -60[superscript [degree]]p. 309
Design of a Miniature Pulse Tube Refrigeratorp. 317
Investigation of a Single Stage Four-Valve Pulse Tube Refrigerator for High Cooling Powerp. 327
Analysis and Experimental Research of a Multi-Bypass Version Pulse Tube Refrigeratorp. 337
Experimental Study of the Heat Transfer in Pulse Tubesp. 345
Shuttle Loss in Pulse Tubesp. 353
Numerical Study of Gas Dynamics Inside of a Pulse Tube Refrigeratorp. 363
Visualization of DC Gas Flows in a Double-Inlet Pulse Tube Refrigerator with a Second Orifice Valvep. 371
A Gifford-McMahon Cycle Cryocooler below 2Kp. 381
High Efficiency, Single-Stage GM Cryorefrigerators Optimized for 20 to 40Kp. 387
Remote Cooling with a G-M Cryocooler by Use of Cold Electro-magnetic Valves Driving an External Flow Loopp. 393
Optimum Intermediate Temperatures of Two-Stage Gifford-McMahon Type Coolersp. 401
Regenerator Behavior with Heat Input or Removal at Intermediate Temperaturesp. 409
Measurement of Heat Conduction through Metal Spheresp. 419
Innovative Technology for Low Temperature Regeneratorsp. 427
Ductile, High Heat Capacity, Magnetic Regenerator Alloys for the 10 to 80K Temperature Rangep. 433
Low Temperature Properties of HoSb, DySb, and GdSbp. 443
Manufacturing Considerations for Rare Earth Powders Used in Cryocooler and Magnetic Refrigerator Applicationsp. 449
Magnetothermal Properties of Polycrystalline Gd[subscript 2]Inp. 457
New Regenerator Material for Sub-4K Cryocoolersp. 465
New Regenerator Materials for Use in Pulse Tube Coolersp. 475
Advanced Developments for Low Temperature Turbo-Brayton Cryocoolersp. 481
Lifa and Reliability Characteristics of Turbo-Brayton Coolersp. 489
A Flexible Turbo-Brayton Cryocooler Modelp. 499
A 10K Cryocooler for Space Applicationsp. 505
Modern Trends in Designing Small-Scale Throttle-Cycle Coolers Operating with Mixed Refrigerantsp. 513
Thermodynamic Analysis of an Mixed-Refrigerant Auto-Cascade J-T Cryocooler with Distributed Heat Loadp. 523
PLANCK Sorption Cooler Initial Compressor Element Performance Testsp. 531
Sizing and Dynamic Performance Prediction Tools for 20K Hydrogen Sorption Cryocoolersp. 541
165K Microcooler Operating with a Sorption Compressor and a Micromachined Cold Stagep. 551
Double Stage Helium Sorption Coolersp. 561
Sub-Kelvin Sorption Coolers for Space Applicationp. 567
Closed-Cycle Cooling of Infrared Detectors to 0.25K for the Polatronp. 577
A Continuous Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerator for Use with Mechanical Coolersp. 587
Reaching 96 mK by a Pulse-Tube Precooled Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigeratorp. 597
Dissipation in Metal Welded Bellows and Its Consequences for Sub-Kelvin Refrigeratorsp. 605
Design and Predicted Performance of an Optical Cryocooler for a Focal Plane Applicationp. 613
Optical Refrigeration Using Anti-Stokes Fluorescence from Molecular Dyesp. 621
Solid-State Optical Cooler Developmentsp. 631
Cryocooler Reliability and Redundancy Considerations for Long-Life Space Missionsp. 637
Space Cryocooler Contamination Lessons Learned and Recommended Control Proceduresp. 649
Cryocooler Contamination Study: Temperature Dependence of Outgassingp. 659
BAE's Life Test Results on Various Linear Coolers and Their Correlation with a First Order Life Estimation Methodp. 665
Initial Observations from the Disassembly and Inspection of the TRW 3503 and Creare SSRBp. 673
Cryogenic Material Properties Databasep. 681
Experimental Results on the Thermal Contact Conductance of Ag-Filled Epoxied Junctions at Cryogenic Temperaturesp. 689
A Fail-Safe Experiment Stand for Cryocooler Characterizationp. 699
Development and Testing of a Gimbal Thermal Transport Systemp. 707
Cryocooler Interface Systemp. 719
Development and Testing of a High Performance Cryogenic Thermal Switchp. 729
Thermally Conductive Vibration Isolation System for Cryocoolersp. 739
Advanced Cryogenic Integration and Cooling Technology for Space-Based Long Term Cryogen Storagep. 749
MOPITT On-Orbit Stirling Cycle Cooler Performancep. 759
HIRDLS Instrument Flight Cryocooler Subsystem Integration and Acceptance Testingp. 769
Low-Temperature, Low-Vibration Cryocooler for Next Generation Space Telescope Instrumentsp. 775
Considerations in Applying Open Cycle J-T Cryostats to Cryosurgeryp. 783
Interference Characterization of Cryocoolers for a High-Tc SQUID-Based Fetal Heart Monitorp. 793
Vapor Precooling in a Pulse Tube Liquefierp. 803
Terrestrial Applications of Zero-Boil-Off Cryogen Storagep. 809
Indexesp. 817
Proceedings Indexp. 817
Author Indexp. 819
Subject Indexp. 821
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306465673
ISBN-10: 0306465671
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 825
Published: 30th September 2001
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.7 x 17.0  x 5.7
Weight (kg): 1.76