Victim-offender reconciliation schemes are viewed as an important & innovative alternative to the traditional measures of the criminal justice system. After a critical look at the United States, most European countries have also increased their efforts to develop important organizational base, it turns out that the type, extent, & capacities for development are quite different in the individual countries. The major objective of the present book is a critical examination of victim-offender mediation programs. Research findings are reported in the areas of: legal & public demands; organizational requirements & outcomes; the mediation process. It is found that the implementation of victim-offender mediation depends to a great degree on particular context conditions. This applies not only to the special preferences of the institutions that encourage, support, or implement the programs. It appears, nevertheless, that mediation is acceptable to a variety of backers, & that it offers a viable alternative when considering reforms of the criminal justice system. Despite their many successes, the mediation schemes are not without their failures & these are analyzed in context in order to provide a sign-post for the future development of such schemes. Guidelines for such developement are presented, with the aim of strengthening the preventive aspect of the schemes & increasing their utility to social & criminal policy.
I. Studies In Several Nations.- Self-Report Delinquency Research in Holland with a Perspective on International Comparison.- Accommodating Self-Report Methods to a Low-Delinquency Culture: A Longitudinal Study from New Zealand.- Working Towards Clearer Definitions: A National Self-Report Study of Teenage Boys and Girls in England and Wales.- On the Use of Self-Reports in Measuring Crime Among Adults: Methodological Problems and Prospects.- Self-Reported and Recorded Data on Drug Abuse and Delinquency on 287 Men in Stockholm.- Scaling and Reliability Problems in Self-Reported Property Crimes.- II. Technical Issues in Self-Report Research.- Improving Self-Reported Measures of Delinquency.- Prevalence and Incidence in the Study of Antisocial Behavior: Definitions and Measurements.- Development of a New Measure of Self-Reported Antisocial Behavior for Young Children: Prevalence and Reliability.- Comparative Research on Crime and Delinquency - The Role and Relevance of National Penal Codes and Criminal Justice Systems.- What Kind of Homogeneity for Self-Report Delinquency Items?.- III. Self-Report Research in a Longitudinal Context.- Methodological Issues with Self-Reported Crime and Delinquency: An Analysis from a Canadian Study of the Transition from School to Work.- Design of and Self-Report in a Longitudinal Study on the Relation Between Education and Delinquency.- Some Problems with the Use of Self-Reports in Longitudinal Research.- Panel Effects and the Use of Self-Reported Measures of Delinquency in Longitudinal Studies.- Designing a Self-Report Instrument for the Study of the Development of Offending from Childhood to Adulthood: Issues and Problems.- Self-Reported and Official Offending from Adolescence to Adulthood.- Epilogue: Workshop Discussions and Future Directions.
Series: NATO A S I SERIES SERIES D, BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
Number Of Pages: 456
Published: July 1989
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 24.77 x 17.15
Weight (kg): 0.91