Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government analyses a series of interrelated questions. The first two are diagnostic: how far are there legitimate grounds for concern about public support for democracy world-wide? Are trends towards growing cynicism evident in the United States evident in many established and newer democracies? The second concern is analytical: what are the main political, economic, and cultural factors driving the dynamics
of support for democratic government? The final questions are prescriptive: what are the consequences of this analysis and what are the implications for strengthening democratic governance? This book has brought together a distinguished group of international scholars who develop a
global analysis of these issues that looks at trends in establishes and newer democracies as we approach the end of the twentieth century. It also presents the first results of the 1995-7 World Values Study as well as drawing on an extensive range of comparative empirical evidence. Challenging the conventional wisdom, this original and stimulating book concludes that accounts of a democratic `crisis' are greatly exaggerated. By the mid-1990s most citizens world-wide
shared widespread aspirations to the ideals and principles of democratic government. At the same time there remains a marked gap between evaluations of the ideal and the practice of democracy. The public in many newer democracies in Central and Eastern Europe and in Latin America proved deeply critical
of the performance of their governing regimes. And in many established democracies the 1980s saw a decline in public confidence in the core institutions of representative democracy including parliaments, the legal system, and political parties. The book considers the causes and consequences of the development of critical citizens. It will prove invaluable for those interested in comparative politics, public opinion, and the dynamics of the democratization process.
ADVANCE PRAISE `The great democratic paradox of the 1990s is that it has simultaneously been the decade of democratization and the decade of growing distrust of democratic institutions. This volume admirably dissects the complex and multi-dimensional background of these conflicting
trends, and presents a judicious evaluation of the grounds of optimism and pessimism--in which, fortunately, the former prevails.' AREND LIJPHART, University of California San Diego `Critical Citizens is the most comprehensive collection of comparative work on confidence in government and sources of public support for democracy. I strongly recommend it.' SEYMOUR MARTIN LIPSET, George mason University `Pippa Norris and her colleagues
examine claims and counter-claims about the erosion of public confidence in democracy, describe the depth and dynamics of trust in government, and lay out a broad and differentiated approach to the phenomenon. They sort out the rather high degree of support for democracy from widespread uneasiness with the
workings of instituions and with the behaviour of politicians. Their book is must reading for survey researchers and comparative students of democracy alike.' SIDNEY TARROW, Cornell University `This is the most impressive comparative study of how citizens in contemporay democracies relate to their governments. In an age of expanding democratic institutions around the globe, the authors of Critical Citizens capture the reader's interest and provide a masterful
update on one of the critical issues of our time.' CHRISTOPHER J. ANDERSON, Binghamton University (SUNY) `It is the Civic Culture study 40 years later . . .Critical Citizens is a landmark comparative study of trends in attitudes toward nation, government regime, political institutions,
and leaders, in some forty regionally well-distributed countries, bringing together the resaerch of a cross-national team of social scientists, led by Pippa Norris of the Harvard Kennedy School. It is full of theoretically interesting insights, as well as findings that have an important bearing on public policy.' GABRIEL ALMOND, Stanford
`the present volume makes a significant contribution to deepening our knowledge of this difficult field: the more so in those cases where presentation of data is accompanied by thoughtful analysis of concepts and categories, as particularly in chapters by Klingemann Fuchs, Newton and Norris.'
Stephen Welch, Democratization, Vol 7., No.4, Winter 2000
`an excellent volume.'
Gianfranco Pasquino, West European Politics, Vol.23,No.3.
`Pippa Norris has edited an excellent collection of essays because she has provided a very inspiring point of departure and has successfully coordinated the writing of her first-rate contributors ... Timely and important.'
Gianfranco Pasquino, West European Politics, Vol.23,No.3.
Foreword by Joseph Nye, Jr.
1: Pippa Norris: Introduction: The Growth of Critical Citizens
SECTION ONE: Cross-National Trends in Confidence in Governance
2: Hans-Dieter Klingemann: Mapping Political Support in the 1990s: A Global Analysis
3: Russell J. Dalton: Political Support in Advanced Industrial Democracies
4: William Mishler and Richard Rose: Five Years after the Fall: Trajectories of Support for Democracy in Post-Communist Europe
SECTION TWO: Testing Theories with Case-Studies
5: Soren Holmberg: Down and Down We Go: Political Trust in Sweden
6: Dieter Fuchs: The Democratic Culture of Unified Germany
7: Richard Rose, Doh C. Shin, and Neil Munro: Tensions Between the Democratic Ideal and Reality: South Korea
SECTION THREE: Explanations of Trends
8: Kenneth Newton: Social and Political Trust in Establishes Democracies
9: Ian McAllister: The Economic Performance of Governments
10: Arthur Miller and Ola Listhaug: Political performance and Institutional Trust
11: Pippa Norris: Institutional Explanations of Political Support
12: Ronald Inglehart: Postmodernization, Authority, and Democracy
13: Pippa Norris: Conclusions: The Growth of Critical Citizens and its Consequences