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Crime Prevention : Facts, Fallacies and the Future - Henry Shaftoe

Crime Prevention

Facts, Fallacies and the Future

Hardcover

Published: 22nd September 2004
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Much of the debate about how to prevent crime feeds off misinformation, moral panics and retributional rage. This lively and thought-provoking book aims to get to the core of the debates surrounding the prevention of crime. Taking an interdisciplinary approach to this complex topic, it illustrates the key role to be played in the prevention of crime by a number of professions such as housing managers, planners, teachers, youth workers, social workers, health visitors and, equally important, by lay citizens. Accessibly written and introducing a wide range of theories and issues from both academic literature and field-based research, "Crime Prevention" provides a balanced and wide-ranging account for all concerned with crime and its prevention.

List of Figures and Platesp. ix
Acknowledgementsp. x
Introductionp. 1
Key themes and principlesp. 4
How the book is organisedp. 6
Facts, assertions and opinionsp. 7
Fascination and Procrastinationp. 8
What is crime?p. 8
Our love/hate relationship with crimep. 11
Crime and the mediap. 13
Closing the stable door after the horse has boltedp. 15
Why wait?p. 18
What's gone wrong?p. 20
The Facts about Crime, Offenders and Victimisationp. 22
Cutting through the chaff and bluffp. 22
Reporting crimep. 23
Recording crimep. 24
Victimisation studiesp. 26
People from minorities and particular groupsp. 29
European and international comparisonsp. 31
The impact of crimep. 33
Crimes of the powerfulp. 34
Targeting certain types of crimep. 35
The clear-up ratep. 36
Fear of crime - a problem in its own rightp. 38
The real criminalsp. 40
Summing upp. 42
Crime, Deviance and the Individual Offenderp. 44
Introductionp. 44
Classicism or rational choice theoryp. 47
Biogenetic theoriesp. 48
Learning theory or behaviourismp. 51
Psychoanalytic theoryp. 53
Labelling theoryp. 55
Social control theoryp. 56
Social disorganisation theoryp. 59
Social strain theoryp. 60
Conflict theoryp. 62
Feminist criminologyp. 64
Levels of explanationp. 65
Why aren't we all criminals?p. 68
Summing upp. 71
Crime and the Environmentp. 73
Introductionp. 74
Crime prevention through environmental designp. 76
Situational crime preventionp. 80
Location, location, locationp. 83
Crime and urbanisationp. 85
Why is there less crime in rural areas?p. 86
Re-creating rural qualities in urban environmentsp. 89
Boundaries and edgesp. 91
Key principles for sustainably safe placesp. 93
Access to goods and new opportunitiesp. 94
Crime and urban regenerationp. 95
Policy implicationsp. 96
Crime Control Models and Frameworksp. 98
Overviewp. 98
Four overlapping considerations in developing a comprehensive crime control strategyp. 98
Crime control - by whom for whom?p. 103
Who will make the connections?p. 105
Intervention modelsp. 107
Cost-benefit assessment of crime preventionp. 115
From Theory to Practice: Comparing, Implementing and Evaluating Policiesp. 117
Introductionp. 117
Compared to what?p. 120
Sharing crime prevention policy and practicep. 126
Cross-national influencesp. 132
Evaluation and the complexity of intervening variablesp. 140
Conclusionp. 142
The Politics and Failures in Crime Controlp. 145
Overviewp. 145
Political whimsp. 146
Punishmentp. 147
Policep. 149
Prosperity, relative poverty and social policyp. 152
Crime and the American dreamp. 154
Together we can crack crime in Britainp. 158
The French experience: the struggle against social exclusionp. 166
The Japanese modelp. 167
A world policy snapshotp. 168
Conclusionp. 169
What Worksp. 170
Overviewp. 170
Rediscovering crime preventionp. 172
What research can tell us - testing of theories and evaluation of practicep. 173
Meta-evaluations of what works and what doesn'tp. 177
Cocktails and balancing actsp. 181
The limits to common sense, political expediency and the popular call for retributionp. 181
Long-termism: investing in programmes with durable outcomes rather than projectsp. 183
Creating safer streets and public spacesp. 185
Summary: thinking globally, acting locallyp. 195
Future Prospectsp. 197
Overview of the futurep. 197
Opportunities and their reductionp. 198
The changing nature of crime and criminal behaviourp. 200
Crime and human naturep. 201
Organisation and managementp. 202
Mainstreaming crime preventionp. 205
Policy and governancep. 206
Private security and personal profitp. 209
Drugs and crimep. 210
Exclusion or inclusion?p. 215
A broader vision for social policyp. 218
Further Reading and Websitesp. 221
Bibliographyp. 226
Indexp. 245
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780333921272
ISBN-10: 0333921275
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 250
Published: 22nd September 2004
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.3 x 14.3  x 2.0
Weight (kg): 0.43
Edition Number: 1