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Cosmopolitan Power in International Relations : A Synthesis of Realism, Neoliberalism, and Constructivism - Giulio M. Gallarotti

Cosmopolitan Power in International Relations

A Synthesis of Realism, Neoliberalism, and Constructivism


Published: 18th October 2010
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How can nations optimize their power in the modern world system? Realist theory has underscored the importance of hard power as the ultimate path to national strength. In this vision, nations require the muscle and strategies to compel compliance and achieve their full power potential. But in fact, changes in world politics have increasingly encouraged national leaders to complement traditional power resources with more enlightened strategies oriented around the use of soft power resources. The resources to compel compliance have to be increasingly integrated with the resources to cultivate compliance. Only through this integration of hard and soft power can nations truly achieve their greatest strength in modern world politics, and this realization carries important implications for competing paradigms of international relations. The idea of power optimization can only be delivered through the integration of the three leading paradigms of international relations: Realism, Neoliberalism, and Constructivism.

'In this well-argued and thoroughly researched book, the author makes a compelling case for both the importance of soft power in international relations and the deep historical roots of the concept. It is recommended reading for both scholars and policy makers.' David A. Baldwin, Princeton University 'Combining political philosophy, history, and current international politics, Gallarotti has written a penetrating analysis of the central questions of the forms and use of power. His book shows familiar authors in a new light, makes us re-think much conventional wisdom, and brings complex concepts to bear with great skill.' Robert Jervis, Columbia University 'Giulio Gallarotti makes a major contribution to the study of power (hard, soft, smart) and relates each type of power to the dominant paradigms (realism, liberalism, cosmopolitanism) that shape our understanding of international relations. This is a very thought-provoking book.' Joseph S. Nye, Harvard University 'Finally: a hard look at soft power. With some attention to Gramscian ideas about hegemony and constructivist ideas about the 'power' of norms, Gallarotti cleverly stages a confrontation between realism and liberal institutionalism, in which realists are exposed for emphasizing the importance of 'hard power' in theory, all the while accommodating the reality of soft power in their empirical assessments of world politics.' Nicholas Onuf, Florida International University 'Many international relations specialists draw piecemeal on all three of the reigning paradigms - realism, liberalism, and constructivism. But few try to think systematically about how to integrate their seemingly divergent insights in a way that makes sense as a whole. Gallarotti takes a long overdue step in that useful direction.' Jack Snyder, Columbia University

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 1
The Theory of Cosmopolitan Powerp. 16
Crucial-Case Textual Analysis of the Founding Fathers of Realism: The Classical Inspirationsp. 76
Crucial-Case Textual Analysis of the Founding Fathers of Realism: The Modern Inspirationsp. 126
Case Studies of Soft Empowerment: Free Trade, the Classical Gold Standard, and Dollarizationp. 156
Case Study of Hard Disempowerment: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Bush Doctrinep. 180
Case Study of Soft Empowerment: The Power of Modern American Culturep. 226
Conclusionsp. 266
Appendix: Formal Model of Cosmopolitan Powerp. 275
Referencesp. 287
Indexp. 309
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521190077
ISBN-10: 052119007X
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 326
Published: 18th October 2010
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.39