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Cosmic Rays in the Earth's Atmosphere and Underground : Astrophysics and Space Science Library (Hardcover) - Lev I. Dorman

Cosmic Rays in the Earth's Atmosphere and Underground

Astrophysics and Space Science Library (Hardcover)

Hardcover Published: 1st October 2004
ISBN: 9781402020711
Number Of Pages: 855

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This book consists of four parts. In the first part (Chapters 1-4) a full overview is given of the theoretical and experimental basis of Cosmic Ray (CR) research in the atmosphere and underground for Geophysics and Space Physics; the development of CR research and a short history of many fundamental discoveries, main properties of primary and secondary CR, methods of transformation of CR observation data in the atmosphere and underground to space, and the experimental basis of CR research underground and on the ground, on balloons and on satellites and space probes.
The second part (Chapters 5-9) is devoted to the influence of atmospheric properties on CR, so called CR meteorological effects; pressure, temperature, humidity, snow, wind, gravitation, and atmospheric electric field effects. The inverse problem - the influence of CR properties on the atmosphere and atmospheric processes is considered in the third part (Chapters 10-14); influence on atmospheric, nuclear and chemical compositions, ionization and radio-wave propagation, formation of thunderstorms and lightning, clouds and climate change.
The fourth part (Chapters 15-18) describes many realized and potential applications of CR research in different branches of Science and Technology; Meteorology and Aerodrome Service, Geology and Geophysical Prospecting, Hydrology and Agricultural Applications, Archaeology and Medicine, Seismology and Big Earthquakes Forecasting, Space Weather and Environment Monitoring/Forecasting.
The book ends with a list providing more than 1,500 full references, a discussion on future developments and unsolved problems, as well as object and author indices. This book will be useful for experts in different branches of Science and Technology, and for students to be used as additional literature to text-books.

Frequently used Abbreviations and Notations
Cosmic Rays As An Object Of Research And As A Research Instrument
Preface to Part 1
Cosmic Rays as an Object of Research
Secondary CR Underground and in the Atmosphere
Coupling Functions, Integral Multiplicities, and Inverse Transformations
Experimental Basis of Cosmic Ray Research
Influence Of The Changing Atmosphere On Cosmic Rays (Meteorological Effects)
Preface to Part 2
Theory of Cosmic Ray Meteorological Effects for Measurements in the Atmosphere and Underground (One-Dimensional Approximation)
Experimental Investigations of Cosmic Ray Snow, Wind and Barometric Effects
Experimental Investigations of Cosmic Ray Temperature and Humidity Effects
Atmospheric Electric Field Effects in Cosmic Rays
Development of the Theory and Methods of Determination of Cosmic Ray Variations of Atmospheric Origin
Cosmic Ray Influence On The Atmosphere And Atmospheric Processes
Preface to Part 3
Nuclear Reactions of Cosmic Rays with Ground, Water, and Air Atoms
Production of Cosmogenic Nuclides
Cosmic Ray Influence on Atmospheric Electric Field and Thunderstorms, Global Earth's Charge and Global Electric Current
Air Ionization by CR, Influence on the Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation
Cosmic Ray Influence on the Chemical Processes in the Atmosphere and Formation of Ozone Layer
Cosmic Ray Influence on Planetary Cloud-Covering and Long-Term Climate Change
Applications Of Cosmic Ray Research
Preface to Part 4
The Application of the Inverse Problem: Determination of Atmospheric Conditions by Data on Cosmic Ray Meteorological Effects
Meteorological Effects Application to Cosmic Ray Latitude Survey Data Processing
Applications of the Radiocarbon Coupling Function Method to Investigations of Planetary Mixing and Exchange Processes
Influence of H-Bomb Explosions on the Environment
Cosmic Ray Variations in the Past
Potential and Realized Applications of Cosmic Ray Research in Science and Technology
Conclusion and Problems
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402020711
ISBN-10: 1402020716
Series: Astrophysics and Space Science Library (Hardcover)
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 855
Published: 1st October 2004
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 16.0  x 4.32
Weight (kg): 1.68