This volume is the product of Lecturers in the fourth Course of the International School of Cosmic-Ray Astrophysics held at the Ettore Majorana Center in Erice, Sicily in November, 1984. The Course, devoted to "Cosmic Radiation in Contemporary Astrophysics," was concurrently a NATO-sponsored Advanced Study Institute (ASI). Cosmic-ray research is in a state of ferment. Precise measure- ments - some made with instruments aboard sattelites and space probe- have been confronting models and theories with severe constraints. The observations of gamma-ray sources, notably Cyg X-3, at energies up to 16 10 eV, have opened up tantalizing possibilities of direct source iden- tification. This ASI was devoted largely to interdisciplinary phenomena in cosmic-ray astrophysics whose understanding requires input from the other channels in astronomy. It explored the ways in which progress in cosmic-ray science might clarify phenomena observed in related disciplines. In trying to achieve this aim, we assembled a staff of lecturers representing various astrophysical specialties, such as radio- astronomy, optical astronomy, X-ray astronomy, gamma-ray astronomy, and of course, particle astronomy (i.e., cosmic radiation). Students and other participants were likewise drawn from diverse backgrounds. Vigorous discussions enlivened almost every session.
`... the book provides in a single place a proper perspective of current cosmic-ray research.'
Space Science Reviews, Vol. 45, 1987.
I. Composition.- Cosmic Ray Abundances, Elemental and Isotopic.- II. Acceleration.- Stochastic Particle Acceleration in Cosmic Objects.- Cosmic Ray Acceleration by Binary Neutron Stars.- Particle Acceleration by Pulsars.- Particle Acceleration by Magnetic Reconnection.- III. Origin and Propagation.- Energetics of Cosmic Ray Origin.- The Composition, Propagation and Origin of High Energy Cosmic Rays (E ? 1012 eV/u).- Nuclear Cross Sections, Cosmic Ray Propagation and Source Composition.- Synthesis of Ideas on Cosmic Ray Origin and Propagation.- IV. Anisotropies.- Anisotropies of High Energy Cosmic Rays.- V. Gamma Rays, Cosmic Rays, and the Interstellar Medium.- New Evidence on the Galactic Cosmic Ray Distribution from Cos-B Gamma-Ray Data.- Interdisciplinary Effort Towards Understanding the Galactic Gamma-Ray Source Population.- Ultra High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy.- Cosmic Rays and the Interstellar Medium.- VI. Cosmic X-Rays; Quasars.- Pulsating X-Ray Sources.- X-Ray Burst Sources.- X-Ray Sky Surveys and the Rosat Mission.- Quasars: Cosmological Evolution and X-Ray Background Contribution.- Author Index.
Series: NATO SCIENCE SERIES SERIES C: MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES
Number Of Pages: 274
Published: 30th November 1985
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 29.7 x 21.0
Weight (kg): 1.27