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Corticonics : Neural Circuits of the Cerebral Cortex - M. Abeles


Neural Circuits of the Cerebral Cortex

By: M. Abeles

Paperback Published: 24th June 1991
ISBN: 9780521376174
Number Of Pages: 296

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This book fulfills that need by combining studies of anatomy and physiology and mathematical and computer modeling to obtain a quantitative description of cortical functions. The material is presented didactically; it starts with descriptive anatomy and comprehensively examines all aspects of modeling. The book gradually leads the reader from a macroscopic view of cortical anatomy and a description of standard electrophysiological properties of single neurons to neural network models and synchronous firing chains of neurons. Along the way, the most modern trends of neural network modeling are explored.

Prefacep. xi
Anatomy of the cerebral cortexp. 1
Macroscopic structurep. 1
Types of neuronsp. 6
Microscopic organizationp. 18
Embryogenesis of the cerebral cortexp. 40
Quantitative considerationsp. 49
Referencesp. 59
The probability for synaptic contact between neurons in the cortexp. 65
Uniform distributionp. 66
Nonuniform distributionp. 79
Examplesp. 82
Generalizationp. 87
Referencesp. 90
Processing of spikes by neural networksp. 92
Introductionp. 92
Transmission of a single spike through a synapsep. 96
Using the ASGp. 101
Transmission of a spike trainp. 110
Examplesp. 113
Referencesp. 117
Relations between membrane potential and the synaptic response curvep. 118
Periodically firing neuronsp. 118
Randomly firing neuronsp. 120
The autocorrelation function for spike trainsp. 133
Synaptic effects on periodically firing neuronsp. 136
Synaptic effects on randomly firing neuronsp. 139
Referencesp. 147
Models of neural networksp. 150
Introductionp. 150
The point neuronp. 152
Small random networksp. 153
Large random networksp. 160
Recurrent cooperative networksp. 173
Perceptronsp. 193
Referencesp. 203
Transmission through chains of neuronsp. 208
The necessity of diverging/converging connectionsp. 208
Existence of diverging/converging connectionsp. 212
Transmission through diverging/converging chainsp. 221
Appendixp. 225
Referencesp. 226
Synchronous transmissionp. 227
Synchronous gainp. 227
Synfire chainsp. 232
Stability of transmission in synfire chainsp. 235
Accuracy of timingp. 241
Conversion from synchronous activity to asynchronous activity, and vice versap. 249
Detectability of synfire activity in the cortexp. 254
Referencesp. 258
Answers and hintsp. 260
Indexp. 277
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521376174
ISBN-10: 0521376173
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 296
Published: 24th June 1991
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.94 x 15.34  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.48

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