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Cooperation, Technology, And Japanese Development : Indigenous Knowledge, The Power Of Networks, And The State - Donna L. Doane

Cooperation, Technology, And Japanese Development

Indigenous Knowledge, The Power Of Networks, And The State

Paperback Published: 24th May 1999
ISBN: 9780813337371
Number Of Pages: 247

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Japan is an example of what is known as a “latecomer” in industrial development. Drawing on case studies of computer and telecommunications and related firms, Donna Doane investigates how intra- and inter-industry cooperation between public and private enterprises pushed rapid technological advancement in Japan. The book places such interlinkage in the context of a historical evolution, starting with prewar industrial house groupings that helped link indigenous and external ideas and form an integrated technological base.Doane focuses mainly on the postwar, catch-up period from the 1960s through the 1980s in which three characteristics associated with late development are examined: multistructured industry, family-based industrial networks, and a distinct government-industry relationship. Implications of the cooperative structure are drawn for other advanced industrial as well as developing countries, where flexible technological networks could help individual enterprises overcome the limitations of isolated organization to survive rapid economic changes.

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xvii
The Background of Inter-Enterprise Cooperative Ties in Japanp. 1
Introduction: Late Development and Cooperative Ties in Japanp. 1
Cooperative Technological Ties Involving Large "Modern" and Small "Semi-Traditional" Enterprises: Industrial Dualism and Late Developmentp. 3
Technological Cooperation Involving the Industrial House (Zaibatsu And Keiretsu) Groupingsp. 11
The Early Postwar Years: The Business Groups, Industrial Groups, and Technological Cooperationp. 15
The Role of the Public Sectorp. 19
Further Discussionp. 21
Notesp. 22
The Use of Inter-Enterprise Ties in the Development of the Computer and Telecommunications Industry in Japanp. 31
Characteristics of the Early Postwar "Catch Up" Periodp. 31
The Turning Point: Innovation in Frontier Industriesp. 34
General Changes in Firm Structure and Behavior to Facilitate Innovation in New Fieldsp. 36
The Emergence of the Combined Computer and Telecommunications Industry in Japanp. 40
Changing Forms of Inter-Enterprise Cooperation in the Computer and Telecommunications Industryp. 45
Further Discussionp. 50
Notesp. 52
Cooperation Between Firms in the Same Industry: Case Studies Involving Applied Researchp. 57
Introduction to the Case Studiesp. 57
General Characteristics of the Applied Intra-Industry Research Projectsp. 60
NTT-Sponsored Applied Intra-Industry Cooperative Research Projectsp. 65
Computer Development Under the MITI Reorganization Programp. 75
Conclusions: Conditions that Allow Successful Applied Intra-Industry Cooperative Researchp. 81
Further Discussionp. 83
Notesp. 85
Cooperation Between Firms in the Same Industry: Case Studies Involving Relatively Basic (or "Fundamental") Researchp. 91
General Characteristics of the Basic Research Projectsp. 91
The MITI-Sponsored VLSI Program and Other Cooperative Basic Research Projectsp. 92
Comparisons with Applied Intra-Industry Cooperative Researchp. 100
Further Discussionp. 108
Notesp. 111
Cooperation Between Firms in Different Industries for Purposes of Innovation, and Comparisons with Intra-Industry Researchp. 115
Forms of Inter-Industry Researchp. 115
General Characteristics of Inter-Industry Cooperative Research Projectsp. 118
Cooperation for the Development of Individual Products andSimple Systemsp. 121
Cooperation for the Development of Large-Scale Systemsp. 124
Complementarity of Different Types of Inter-Industry Cooperative Projectsp. 129
Inter-Industry and Intra-Industry Cooperation: A Comparison of Main Pointsp. 132
Further Discussionp. 135
Notesp. 138
Possible Implications for Other Late Developing Countriesp. 145
Introductionp. 145
Timing and Cooperative Technological Ties: "Earlier" Versus "Later" Late Developmentp. 149
Cooperative Ties in the Least Industrialized Countriesp. 152
Cooperative Ties in Other "Early" And "Middle" Latecomers: The Case of the "NICs" and "NextNICs"p. 157
Conclusionsp. 180
Notesp. 182
Appendixp. 201
Referencesp. 213
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780813337371
ISBN-10: 0813337372
Series: Transitions: Asia & Asian America
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 247
Published: 24th May 1999
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 1.6
Weight (kg): 0.41
Edition Number: 1